The Impact of Urban Sprawl on the Socioeconomic Conditions of the Population in Tamanan Village, Indonesia

Sri Rum Giyarsih(1*)

(1) Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


This study aimed to analyse the impact of urban sprawl on the (1) social, (2) economic, and (3) technological conditions of the population in Tamanan Village, on the outskirts of Yogyakarta City. For data collection, this survey research employed structured interviews with 40 respondents selected through multistage random sampling. It also used complementary in-depth interviews with seven (7) purposively sampled key informants to deepen the analysis. The answers from the structured interviews were analysed with descriptive statistics in the form of single-frequency tables, while the data derived from the in-depth interviews were processed using a qualitative descriptive approach. The results show that the impact of urban sprawl on the social (37.5%) and economic conditions (40%) was mostly high, while the effect on the technological conditions of the population in the study area fell mainly under the medium category (47.5%). In conclusion, the phenomenon of urban sprawl in the study area has affected the social, economic, and technological conditions of the population.


Urban sprawl; social condition; economic condition; technological condition; outskirt

Full Text:



Amri, I., & Giyarsih, S. R. (2022). Monitoring urban physical growth in tsunami-affected areas: A case study of Banda Aceh City, Indonesia. GeoJournal, 87, 1929–1944.

Bagheri B., & Tousi, S. N. (2018). An explanation of urban sprawl phenomenon in Shiraz metropolitan area. Cities, 73, 71–90.

Brian, B. (2016). Temporal and spatial patterns of urban sprawl and their implications on environmental planning in Mbanana municipality. Applied Geomatics, 8, 201–216.

Buxton, M., Carey, R., & Phelan, K. (2016). The role of peri-urban land use planning in resilient urban agriculture: A case study of Melbourne, Australia. In B. Maheshwari, B. Thoradeniya, & V. P. Singh (Eds.), Balanced urban development: Options and strategies for liveable cities. Water Science and Technology Library, 72. Cham: Springer.

Dadi, D., Azadi, H., Serbeta, F., Abebe, K., Taheri, F., & Stellmacher, T. (2016). Urban sprawl and its impacts on land use change in central Ethiopia. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 16, 132–141.

Debbage, N., & Bereitschaft, B., & Shepherd, J. M. (2016). Quantifying the spatiotemporal trends of urban sprawl among large U.S. metropolitan areas via spatial metrics. Applied Spatial Analysis, 10, 317–345.

Dupras, J., Marull, J., Pancerisas, L., Coll, F., & Gonzalez, A. (2016). The impacts of urban sprawl on ecological connectivity in the Montreal Metropolitan Region. Environmental Science & Policy, 58, 61–73.

Ewing, R., Hamidi, S., Grace, J. B., & Wei, Y. D. (2017). Does urban sprawl hold down upward mobility? Landscape and Urban Planning, 148, 80–88.

Giyarsih, S. R. (2010). Urban sprawl of the city of Yogyakarta, special reference to the stage of spatial transformation. Indonesian Journal of Geography, 42(1), 49–60.

Giyarsih, S. R. (2012). Dampak Transformasi Wilayah terhadap Kondisi Kultural Penduduk, Tinjauan Perspektif Geografis. Forum Geografi, 26(2), 120–131.

Giyarsih, S. R. (2014). The role of Yogyakarta and Surakarta Cities in the intensity of the regional transformation of two villages located in the Yogyakarta-Surakarta corridor. Romanian Review of Regional Studies, 10(1), 15–22.

Giyarsih, S. R. (2017). Regional management of areas with indications of urban sprawl in the surrounding areas of Universitas Muhamadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Geography, 49(1), 35–41.

Giyarsih, S. R., & Harini, R. (2020a). The social and demographic characteristics of vulnerable communities on the outskirts of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. Solid State Technology, 63(3), 4373–4387.

Giyarsih, S. R., & Harini, R. (2020b). Roles of university campuses in building the capacity of vulnerable communities in urban fringe of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Solid State Technology, 63(3), 4388–4401.

Giyarsih, S. R., & Marfai, M. A. (2017). Regional transformation in Semarang City, Indonesia. Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis, 9(2), 129–139.

Giyarsih, S. R., & Marfai, M. A. (2018). The perception of stakeholders on regional transformation on the outskirts of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. GeoJournal (Spatially Integrated Social Sciences and Humanities), 83(5), 983–991.

Guite, L. T. S. (2019). Assessment of urban sprawl in Bathinda City, India. Journal of Urban Management, 8(2), 195–205.

Guo, Y., Xiao, Y., & Yuan, Q. (2017). The redevelopment of peri-urban villages in the context of path-dependent land institution change and its impact on Chinese inclusive urbanization: The case of Nanhai, China. Cities, 60, 466–475.

Hatam, R., Rijanta, R., Yunus, H. S., & Giyarsih, S. R. (2016). Transformation of land use in Kota Utara Subdistrict Kotamobagu City from 2000-2013. International Multidisciplinary e-Journal (An International Peer-Reviewed, Refereed Journal), 5(9), 31–38.

Kovacs, Z., Farkas, Z. J., Egedy, T., Kondor, A. C., Szabo, B., Lennert, J., … Kohan, B. (2019). Urban sprawl and land conversion in post-socialist cities: The case of metropolitan Budapest. Cities, 92, 71–81.

Lincaru, C., Atanasiu, D., Ciuca, V., & Pirciog, S. (2016). Peri-urban areas and land use structure in Romania at LAU2 level: An explanatory spatial data analysis. Procedia Environmental Science, 32, 124–137.

Liu Y., Fan, P., Yue, W., & Song, Y. (2018). Impacts of land finance on urban sprawl in China: The case of Chongqing. Land Use Policy, 72, 420–432.

Lu, J., Li, H., & Xu, M. (2023). Does haze aggravate urban sprawl? Habitat International, 130(102709), 1–11.

Queslati, W., Alvanides, S., & Garrod, G. (2015). Determinants of urban sprawl in European cities. Urban Studies, 52(9), 1594–1614.

Pratama, A. P., Yudhistira, M. H., & Koomen, E. (2022). Highway expansion and urban sprawl in the Jakarta Metropolitan Area. Land Use Policy, 112(105856), 1–11.

Shah, A., Ali, K., & Nizami, S. M. (2021). Four decadal urban land degradation in Pakistan a case study of capital city Islamabad during 1979-2019. Environmental and Sustainability Indicators, 10(100108), 1–8.

Skog, K. L., & Stelnnes, M. (2016). How do centrality, population growth and urban sprawl impact farmland conversion in Norway? Land Use Policy, 59, 185–196.

Sriartha, I. P., & Giyarsih, S. R. (2017). Subak endurance in facing external development in South Bali, Indonesia. International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences (IRJMIS), 4(4), 20–30. Retrieved from

Sudrajat (2016). Farmers commitment in maintaining wetted land ownership status in peri-urban area of Yogyakarta. Indonesian Journal of Geography, 48(1), 91–101.

Wang, W., Liu, Y., Li, Y., & Li, T. (2016). The spatiotemporal pattern of urban-rural development transformation in China since 1990. Habitat International, 53, 178–187.

Weilermann, B., Seidl, I., & Schulz, T. (2017). The socio-economic determinants of urban sprawl between 1980 and 2010 in Switzerland. Landscape and Urban Planning, 175, 468–482.

Zhang, C., Miao, C., Zhang, W., & Chen, X. (2018). Spatiotemporal pattern of urban sprawl and its relationship with economic development in China during 1990-2010. Habitat International, 79, 51–60.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1178 | views : 576


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Sri Rum Giyarsih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)