Controlling the Urban Physical Development in Karawang and Purwakarta Regencies using Quantitative Zoning Approach

Alfin Murtadho(1), Andrea Emma Pravitasari(2*), Khursatul Munibah(3), Izuru Saizen(4), Ernan Rustiadi(5)

(1) Center for Regional Systems Analysis, Planning and Development (CrestPent/P4W)-LPPM IPB University
(2) Center for Regional Systems Analysis, Planning and Development (CrestPent/P4W)-LPPM IPB University
(3) Department of Soil Science and Land Resource, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University
(4) Laboratory of Regional Planning, Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University
(5) Center for Regional Systems Analysis, Planning and Development (CrestPent/P4W)-LPPM IPB University
(*) Corresponding Author


Jakarta and Bandung metropolitan areas in Indonesia are experiencing urban expansion, which makes these two metropolitan areas increasingly connected by corridors to become one mega-urban. Karawang and Purwakarta Regencies are part of the Jakarta-Bandung corridor area which then triggers the urban physical development. This study aims to 1) Determine the level of service facilities in Karawang and Purwakarta Regencies; 2) Identify the changes in built-up and paddy fields Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) of Karawang and Purwakarta Regency based on existing and future conditions, and 3) Propose recommendations to control the urban physical development in Karawang and Purwakarta Regency. Analysis of level service facilities was carried out by using the scalogram method. Changes of built-up and paddy fields LULC in the existing and future conditions (projected using the CA-Markov method) are based on LULC of 2005, 2010 and 2018. Recommendations are given based on the grouping of villages with the same characteristics using the quantitative zoning method. Results showed the village development index in 2018 as the level of service facilities indicators, has a high or more developed value in the area around the connecting accessibility route between Jabodetabek and Greater Bandung metropolitan area. Changes in built-up and paddy fields LULC also the same trend as the village development index that is characterized by a fairly large increase in the area of built-up LULC in Karawang and Purwakarta Regencies. Recommendations are given to address specific problems that exist in each village group formed based on the spatial clustering method result.


Built-up;Corridor Area;Service Facilities

Full Text:



Abror, S. M., Purwoko, A., & Pratomo, W. A. (2016). Analisis pengaruh pembangunan jaringan jalan terhadap perubahan guna lahan di kawasan Aek Kanopan. Jurnal Ekonom, 19(2), 82–89.

Adair, T. (2007). Birth attendant utilization in the Indonesian mega-urban regions of Jabodetabek, Bandung and Surabaya. Asian Population Studies, 3(3).

Budiyantini, Y., & Pratiwi, V. (2016). Peri-urban Typology of Bandung Metropolitan Area. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 227.

de la Luz Hernández-Flores, M., Otazo-Sánchez, E. M., Galeana-Pizaña, M., Roldán-Cruz, E. I., Razo-Zárate, R., González-Ramírez, C. A., Galindo-Castillo, E., & Gordillo-Martínez, A. J. (2017). Urban driving forces and megacity expansion threats. Study case in the Mexico City periphery. Habitat International, 64.

Dorodjatoen, A. M. H. (2009). The Emergence of Jakarta-Bandung Mega-Urban Region and Its Future Challenges. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, 20(1), 15–33.

Douglass, M. (2000). Mega-urban regions and world city formation: Globalisation, the economic crisis and urban policy issues in Pacific Asia. Urban Studies, 37(12).

Firman, T. (2009). The continuity and change in mega-urbanization in Indonesia: A survey of Jakarta-Bandung Region (JBR) development. Habitat International, 33(4).

Firman, T. (2017). The urbanization of Java, 2000–2010: towards ‘the island of mega-urban regions.’ Asian Population Studies, 13(1).

Firman, T., & Dharmapatni, I. A. I. (1995). The emergence of extended metropolitan regions in Indonesia: Jabotabek and Bandung Metropolitan Area. Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, 7(2).

Fitriyanto, B. R., Helmi, M., & Hadiyanto. (2019). Model Prediksi Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan Dengan Pendekatan Sistem Informasi Geografis Dan Cellular Automata Markov Chain: Studi Kasus Kabupaten Rokan Hulu. Jurnal Teknologi Technoscientia, 11(2).

Fuadina, L. N., Rustiadi, E., & Pravitasari, A. E. (2020). The Dynamic of Land Use Changes and Regional Development in Bandung Metropolitan Area. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 556(1).

Giyarsih, S. R. (2012). Koridor antar kota sebagai penentu sinergisme spasial: kajian geografi yang semakin penting. TATALOKA, 14(2), 90–97.

Hamad, R., Balzter, H., & Kolo, K. (2018). Predicting land use/land cover changes using a CA-Markov model under two different scenarios. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(10).

Han, J., Kamber, M., & Pei, J. (2012). Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques. In Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques.

Hidajat, J. T., Sitorus, S. R. P., Rustiadi, E., & Machfud. (2013). Dinamika Pertumbuhan dan Status Keberlanjutan Kawasan Permukiman di Pinggiran Kota wilayah Metropolitan Jakarta. Globe, 15(1).

Hudalah, D., & Firman, T. (2012). Beyond property: Industrial estates and post-suburban transformation in Jakarta Metropolitan Region. Cities, 29(1).

Jatayu, A., Rustiadi, E., & Pribadi, D. O. (2020). A quantitative approach to characterizing the changes and managing urban form for sustaining the suburb of a mega-urban region: The case of north cianjur. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(19).

Landis, J. R., & Koch, G. G. (1977). The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data. Biometrics, 33(1).

Laquian, A. (2008). The Planning and Governance of Asia’s Mega-Urban Regions. United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Population Distribution, Urbanization, Internal Migration and Development.

McGee, T. G. (1995). Metrofitting the Emerging Mega-Urban Regions of ASEAN: An Overview. In The Mega-urban Regions of Southeast Asia.

McGee, T. G. (2021). 9 The Emergence of Desakota Regions in Asia: Expanding a Hypothesis. In Implosions /Explosions.

Mondal, M. S., Sharma, N., Garg, P. K., & Kappas, M. (2016). Statistical independence test and validation of CA Markov land use land cover (LULC) prediction results. Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, 19(2).

Munibah, K., Widiatmaka, & Widjaja, H. (2018). Spatial autocorrelation on public facility availability index with neighborhoods weight difference. Journal of Regional and City Planning, 29(1).

Nadoushan, M., Soffianian, A., & Alebrahim, A. (2015). Modeling Land Use/Cover Changes by the Combination of Markov Chain and Cellular Automata Markov (CA-Markov) Models. Journal of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences, 1(1).

Parsa, V. A., Yavari, A., & Nejadi, A. (2016). Spatio-temporal analysis of land use/land cover pattern changes in Arasbaran Biosphere Reserve: Iran. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2(4).

Pravitasari, A. E., Rustiadi, E., Mulya, S. P., Setiawan, Y., Fuadina, L. N., & Murtadho, A. (2018). Identifying the driving forces of urban expansion and its environmental impact in Jakarta-Bandung mega urban region. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 149(1).

Pravitasari, A. E., Saizen, I., Tsutsumida, N., Rustiadi, E., & Pribadi, D. O. (2015). Local spatially dependent driving forces of urban expansion in an emerging Asian megacity: The case of Greater Jakarta (Jabodetabek). Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(1).

Pribadi, D. O., & Pauleit, S. (2015). The dynamics of peri-urban agriculture during rapid urbanization of Jabodetabek Metropolitan Area. Land Use Policy, 48.

Pribadi, D. O., & Pauleit, S. (2016). Peri-urban agriculture in Jabodetabek Metropolitan Area and its relationship with the urban socioeconomic system. Land Use Policy, 55.

Rustiadi, E., & Kobayashi, S. (2000). Contiguous spatial classification: A new approach on quantitative zoning method. Journal of Geography Education, 43(8), 122–136.

Rustiadi, E., Pravitasari, A. E., Setiawan, Y., Mulya, S. P., Pribadi, D. O., & Tsutsumida, N. (2021). Impact of continuous Jakarta megacity urban expansion on the formation of the Jakarta-Bandung conurbation over the rice farm regions. Cities, 111.

Rustiadi, E., Saefulhakim, S., & Panuju, D. (2009). Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Wilayah. In Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor. Crestpent Press & Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Samie, A., Deng, X., Jia, S., & Chen, D. (2017). Scenario-based simulation on dynamics of land-use-land-cover change in Punjab province, Pakistan. Sustainability (Switzerland), 9(8).

Siddiqui, A., Siddiqui, A., Maithani, S., Jha, A. K., Kumar, P., & Srivastav, S. K. (2018). Urban growth dynamics of an Indian metropolitan using CA Markov and Logistic Regression. Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, 21(3).

Singh, S. K., Mustak, S., Srivastava, P. K., Szabó, S., & Islam, T. (2015). Predicting Spatial and Decadal LULC Changes Through Cellular Automata Markov Chain Models Using Earth Observation Datasets and Geo-information. Environmental Processes, 2(1).

Vitriana, A. (2020). The growth of Metropolitan Bandung Raya (MBR) and the increase of urban housing matters. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 419(1).

Winarso, H., Hudalah, D., & Firman, T. (2015). Peri-urban transformation in the Jakarta metropolitan area. Habitat International, 49.

Yudarwati, R., Sitorus, S. R. P., & Munibah, K. (2017). Arahan pengendalian perubahan penggunaan lahan menggunakan Markov – Cellular automata di Kabupaten Cianjur. TATALOKA, 18(4).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1467 | views : 720


Copyright (c) 2022 Alfin Murtadho, Andrea Emma Pravitasari, Khursatul Munibah, Izuru Saizen, Ernan Rustiadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 225/E/KPT/2022, Vol 54 No 1 the Year 2022 - Vol 58 No 2 the Year 2026 (accreditation certificate download)

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)