Unregistered artesian Well Management in Pasuruan, Indonesia: An Attempt to Protect Groundwater Resources

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.68185

Heru Hendrayana(1*), Indra Agus Riyanto(2), Azmin Nuha(3), Ahmad Rif’an Khoirul Lisan(4)

(1) Department of Geological Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Master Program on Planning and Management of Coastal Area and Watershed, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Groundwater Working Group (GWWG), Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Water, Society and Policy MS Program, The University of Arizona, US
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The number of unregistered artesian wells increases every year in the northern slopes of Bromo Volcano, Pasuruan. Artesian wells are used for domestic needs and agricultural irrigation but are not followed by environmentally sound groundwater use. The purpose of this study is to assess the potential for groundwater, groundwater use, wasted groundwater, and recommendations for groundwater management.  The groundwater potential was obtained by measuring the depth of the groundwater table, piezometric surface of artesian wells, and geoelectrical data. Water uses were obtained from calculations based on the Indonesian National Standard. The amount of wasted groundwater was obtained by comparing the groundwater potentials, groundwater uses, and groundwater discharges from unregistered artesian wells. Water transfer was assessed by selecting unregistered artesian wells with discharges able to fulfill the water demands of each village. Groundwater in the Sub-Districts of Gondang Wetan and Winongan has high potential consisting of 1 unconfined aquifer group and two confined aquifer groups. Gondang Wetan and Winongan Sub-Districts are characterized as wasting groundwater potential through unregistered artesian wells. The discharge flow of unregistered artesian wells exceeds the water needs (>100%) in Winongan and Gondang Wetan Sub-Districts. Groundwater can be managed by water transfer, closure of artesian wells, and regulation of artesian wells use. Water can be transferred to areas not covered by Artesian wells in 20 villages. The number of artesian wells used for water transfer is 20 with a discharge of 5-20 liters/s. 

Keywords


illegal artesian wells, wasted groundwater, groundwater management

Full Text:

PDF


References

BPS. (2021). Pasuruan Regency in Figures 2021. Badan Pusat Statistik.

BSN. (2015). Penyusunan Neraca Spasial Sumber Daya Alam - Bagian 1: Sumber Daya Air - The Development of Spatial Balance of Natural Resources - Part 1: Water Resources. SNI 6728.1:2015. Badan Standardisasi Nasional.

Cloutier, V., Lefebvre, R., Savard, M. M., Bourque, É., & Therrien, R. (2006). Hydrogeochemistry and groundwater origin of the Basses-Laurentides sedimentary rock aquifer system, St. Lawrence Lowlands, Québec, Canada. Hydrogeology Journal, 14(4), 573–590. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-005-0002-3

Habermehl, M. A. (2020). Review: The evolving understanding of the Great Artesian Basin (Australia), from discovery to current hydrogeological interpretations. Hydrogeology Journal, 28(1), 13–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-019-02036-6

Hebig, K. H., Ito, N., Scheytt, T., & Marui, A. (2012). Review: Deep groundwater research with focus on Germany. Hydrogeology Journal, 20(2), 227–243. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-011-0815-1

Hendrayana, H., Widyastuti, M., Riyanto, I. A., Nuha, A., and Aprimanto, B (2020). Neraca Airtanah Cekungan Airtanah (CAT) Menoreh dan Wates Kabupaten Kulon Progo - Groundwater Balance of Menoreh and Wates Groundwater Basins, Kulon Progo Regency. Geomedia, 18(2), 10–29. https://doi.org/10.21831/gm.v18i2.33636

Hendrayana, H., Nuha, A., Riyanto, I. A., Aprimanto, B., Geologi, D. T., Teknik, F., & Gadjah, U. (2021). Kajian Perubahan Muka Airtanah di Cekungan Airtanah Yogyakarta-Sleman - Study of Groundwater Changes in Yogyakarta-Sleman Groundwater Basin. Majalah Geografi Indonesia, 35(1), 30–44. https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.62396

Hendrayana, H., Riyanto, I. A., & Nuha, A. (2020). Tingkat Pemanfaatan Airtanah di Cekungan Airtanah (CAT) Yogyakarta-Sleman - Groundwater Use Rate in Yogyakarta-Sleman Groundwater Basin. Geodika: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Dan Pendidikan Geografi, 4(2), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.29408/geodika.v4i2.2643

Hendrayana, H., & Vicente, V. A. D. S. (2013). Cadangan Air Tanah Berdasarkan Geometri Hdan Konfigurasi Sistem Akuifer Cekungan Air Tanah Yogyakarta-Sleman - Groundwater Reserves Based on Geometry and Aquifer System Configuration of Yogyakarta-Sleman Groundwater Basin. Seminar Nasional Kebumian Ke-6, 356–370.

Hendrayana, H., Putra, D.P.E, and Cahyahadi, W. 2008. Final Report The Study to Delineated Recharge Area of Spring and to Quantify the Recharge Area of Pasuruan Site. Report. Pasuruan: PT Tirta Investama.

Husniah, R., Sholichin, M., & Chandrasasi, D. (2009). Analisa pengaruh perubahan tata guna lahan terhadap erosi, sedimen, dan limpasan di das rejoso kabupaten pasuruan menggunakan arcswat - Analysis of the effects of land use changes on erosion, sediment, and runoff in Rejoso Watershed, Pasuruan Regency using Arcswat. Teknik Pengairan Universitas Brawijaya.

Kent, C.R., Pandey, S., Tumer, N., Dickinson, C.G., and Jamieson, M. 2019. Estimating current and historical groundwater abstraction from the Great Artesian Basin and other regional-scale aquifers in Queensland, Australia. Hydrogeology Journal, 28(1), 391-412. Doi, 10.1007/s10040-019-02074-0

Khairani, D., Harisuseno, D., & Suhartanto, E. (2018). Penerapan Metode Standardized Precipitation Index ( Spi ) Dan Effective Drought Index ( Edi ) Untuk Mengestimasi Kekeringan Di Das Rejoso Kabupaten Pasuruan - Application of the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and Effective Drought Index (EdI) Methods to Estimating Drought in Rejoso Watershed, Pasuruan Regency. Jurnal Mahasiswa Jurusan Teknik Pengairan, 3(2), 1–12.

Khasanah, N., Tanika, L., Pratama, L.D.Y., Leimona, B., Prasetyo, E., Marulani, F., Hendriatna, A., Zulkarnain, M.T., Toulier, A., and van Noordwijk, M. (2021). Groundwater-Extracting Rice Production in the Rejoso Watershed (Indonesia) Reducing Urban Water Availability: Characterisation and Intervention Priorities. Land, 10(586), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10060586

Luo, N., & Illman, W. A. (2016). Évaluation Automatique Des Paramètres Des Aquifères À Partir D’Enregistrements De Longues Durées De Pompages Pour La Distribution D’Eau Et D’Injections. Hydrogeology Journal, 24(6), 1443–1461. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-016-1407-x

Massuel, S., Amichi, F., Ameur, F., Calvez, R., Jenhaoui, Z., Bouarfa, S., Kuper, M., Habaieb, H., Hartani, T., & Hammani, A. (2017). Prendre en compte l’utilisation des eaux souterraines pour améliorer l’évaluation des pompages d’eaux souterraines pour l’irrigation dans le Nord de l’Afrique. Hydrogeology Journal, 25(6), 1565–1577. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1573-5

Medellín-Azuara, J., MacEwan, D., Howitt, R. E., Koruakos, G., Dogrul, E. C., Brush, C. F., Kadir, T. N., Harter, T., Melton, F., & Lund, J. R. (2015). Analyse hydro-économique des pompages d’eaux souterraines pour l’agriculture irriguée dans la vallée Centrale en Californie, Etats Unis d’Amérique. Hydrogeology Journal, 23(6), 1205–1216. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-015-1283-9

Nahar, L. (2016). Studi Deskriptif tentang Strategi Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah Kabupaten Pasuruan dalam Penanggulangan Bencana Kekeringan di Wilayah Kabupaten Pasuruan - A Descriptive Study on the Strategy of the Pasuruan Regency Regional Disaster Management Agency in Managing Drought Disasters in Pasuruan Regency Area. Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Manajemen Publik, 4(2), 18–26. http://journal.unair.ac.id/download-fullpapers-kmp195f96ff77full.pdf

Ohmer M., Liesch T., Geoppert N., G. N. (2017). On the Optimal Selection of Interpolation Methods for Groundwater Contouring: An Example of Propagation of Uncertainty Regarding Inter-Aquifer Exchange. Advance in Water Resources, 109, 121–132.

Puspowardojo, S. (1984). Hydrogeology Map, Sheet X : Kediri (Java). Direktorat Geologi Tata Lingkungan.

Salameh, E and Tarawneh, A. (2017). Assessing the impacts of uncontrolled artesian flows on the management of groundwater resources in the Jordan Valley. Environmental Earth Sciences, 76(7), 1-14. Doi, 10.1007/s12665-017-6610-0

Santosa, S., and Suwarti, T. (1992). Geology Map of The Malang Quadrangle, Java. Geology Research and Development.

Schlager, E. (2006). Challenges of governing groundwater in U.S. western states. Hydrogeology Journal, 14(3), 350–360. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-005-0012-1

Shrestha, G., Uchida, Y., Kuronuma, S., Yamaya, M., Katsuragi, M., Kaneko, S., Shibasaki, N., & Yoshioka, M. (2017). Evaluation de la performance d’un système de pompe à chaleur utilisant un puits à écoulement et estimation des zones appropriées pour son installation dans le bassin d’Aizu, Japon. Hydrogeology Journal, 25(5), 1437–1450. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-017-1536-x

Stevanovic, Z., & Iurkiewicz, A. (2009). Groundwater management in northern Iraq. Hydrogeology Journal, 17(2), 367–378. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-008-0331-0

Subekti, S. (2012). Studi Identifikasi Kebutuhan Dan Potensi Air Baku Air Minum Kabupaten Pasuruan - Study on Identification of Bulk Water Needs and Potentials for Drinking Water in Pasuruan Regency. Jurnal Momentum UNWAHAS, 8(2), 114808.

Taher, T., Bruns, B., Bamaga, O., Al-Weshali, A., & van Steenbergen, F. (2012). Gouvernance locale de nappe au Yémen: Construire sur les traditions et permettre aux communautés d’établir de nouvelles règles. Hydrogeology Journal, 20(6), 1177–1188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-012-0863-1

Taher, T. M. (2016). Gestion de l’exploitation des eaux souterraines dans le Bassin de Sana’a, Yemen: approche d’une collectivité locale. Hydrogeology Journal, 24(6), 1593–1605. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-016-1435-6

Telford, W.M., Geldart, L.P., and Sheriff, R.E. 1990. Apllied Geophysic 2nd Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Todd, D.K and Mays, L. . (2005). Groundwater Hydrology. John WIley and Sons, Ltd.

Toulier, A., Baud, B., Montety, V. De, Lachassagne, P., Leonardi, V., Pistre, S., Dautria, J., & Hendrayana, H. (2019). Journal of Hydrology : Regional Studies Multidisciplinary study with quantitative analysis of isotopic data for the assessment of recharge and functioning of volcanic aquifers : Case of Bromo-Tengger volcano , Indonesia. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 26(October), 100634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2019.100634

Velasco, A., & Capilla, J. E. (2019). Hydrogeological characterization and assessment of anthropic impacts in the Lower Piura Sub-basin Aquifer in Peru. Hydrogeology Journal, 27(8), 2755–2773. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-019-02027-7

Yan, X., Dong, W., Li, R., Cui, L., & Zhu, G. (2019). Assessment and validation of confined aquifer vulnerability based on the VEBHAT method: a case study in Heilongjiang Province, northeastern China. Hydrogeology Journal, 27(7), 2551–2561. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-019-02022-y



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.68185

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 54960 | views : 391

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Heru Hendrayana, Indra Agus Riyanto, Azmin Nuha, Ahmad Rif’an Khoirul Lisan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol 50 No 1 the Year 2018 - Vol 54 No 2 the Year 2022

ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print)

Web
Analytics IJG STATISTIC