Mangrove-based Ecotourism Sustainability Analysis using NDVI and AHP Approach

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijccs.68986

Yerik Afrianto Singgalen(1*), Danny Manongga(2)

(1) Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Information System, Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


 This article aims to analyze the sustainability of mangrove ecotourism using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approaches. Based on Landsat 8 OLI satellite imagery calculation using the NDVI technique, there has been a decrease in vegetation value on Dodola Island in 2017. This condition needs to be analyzed scientifically, considering the Dodola Island mangrove area to be preserved. In addition to the interests of tourism infrastructure development. The research method used is a mixed research method through a case study approach in Dodola Island, Morotai Island Regency, North Maluku Province, Indonesia. This study adopts remote sensing techniques and decision support systems to describe the results of sustainable mangrove ecotourism analysis. This study indicates that the calculation results of Landsat 8 OLI spatial data from 2013-to 2021 show a significant decrease in vegetation value in 2017, where the maximum NDVI value is 0.30, and the minimum NDVI value is 0.11. Specifically, the mangrove area also experienced a decrease in vegetation value with a maximum NDVI value is 0.23 and a minimum NDVI value is 0.02. To anticipate environmental damage in mangrove areas, this study recommends mangrove conservation programs, namely rehabilitation, restoration, reclamation, and conservation of mangrove areas. In addition, the results of the priority analysis using the AHP approach show that the rehabilitation program is a program that needs to be prioritized because it follows the existing conditions and capabilities of the Dodola Island managers.


Keywords


Mangrove; Ecotourism; Sustainability; NDVI; AHP

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijccs.68986

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