Optimization of ARIMA Forecasting Model using Firefly Algorithm


Ilham unggara(1*), Aina Musdholifah(2), Anny Kartika Sari(3)

(1) Master Program of Computer Science; FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Computer Science and Electronics, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Computer Science and Electronics, FMIPA UGM, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


 Time series prediction aims to control or recognize the behavior of the system based on the data in a certain period of time. One of the most widely used method in time series prediction is ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average). However, ARIMA has a weakness in determining the optimal model. firefly algorithm is used to optimize ARIMA model (p, d, q). by finding the smallest AIC (Akaike Information Criterion) value in determining the best ARIMA model. The data used in the study are daily stock data JCI period January 2013 until August 2016 and data of foreign tourist visits to Indonesia period January 1988 to November 2017.Based on testing, for JCI data, obtained predicted results with Box-Jenkins ARIMA model produces RMSE 49.72, whereas the prediction with the ARIMA Optimization model yielded RMSE 49.48. For the data of Foreign Tourist Visits, the predicted results with the Box-Jenkins ARIMA model resulted in RMSE 46088.9, whereas the predicted results with ARIMA optimization resulted in RMSE 44678.4. From these results it can be concluded that the optimization of ARIMA model with Firefly Algorithm produces better forecasting model than ARIMA model without Optimization.


Optimization; Forecasting; ARIMA; Firefly Algorithm; AIC; RMSE

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijccs.37666

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