THE IMPACT OF BANK RESTRUCTURING ANNOUNCEMENT ON THE BANKING STOCK PRICES: The Cases of Indonesia’s Banking Reforms on March 13, 1999, and The Issuance of Government Bonds on May 28, 1999
These two events above, are expected to be good news or favorable information for investors on the Jakarta Stock Exchange (JSX), and should be responded positively by investors which indicates significantly increases on banking stocks after the event dates.
Thirteen samples of banking stocks which were listed on the Jakarta Stock Exchange (JSX) at the beginning of 1997 were used to investigate the reaction of banking stocks around the dates of these two events. By using the paired-samples mean difference test, we did not find significant differences between abnormal returns before and after the event dates. Furthermore, the cumulative abnormal return of banking stocks around the banking reforms announcement on March 13, 1999 and the issuance of government bonds announcement on May 28, 1999 were decreasing gradually until it reached the negative area. Trading Volume Activity (TVA) test, on the banking stock volume around the banking reforms announcement on March 13, 1999 has found that TVA of banking stocks after the event date was significantly greater than TVA of banking stocks before the event date. The result was not found on the issuance of government bonds event.
In general, from these results, it can be concluded that the banking reforms measures done by the government was not successfully implemented from the market’s point of view.
The abnormal return tests have been conducted, yet it is still found a significant abnormal return around both the banking reforms announcement on March 13, 1999 and the issuance of government bonds announcement on May 28, 1999. These findings did not support the semi-strong efficiency of the Jakarta Stock Exchange (JSX).
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