Determinan kejadian tuberkulosis paru BTA (+) di kabupaten Bandung Barat

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.8558

Fitria Agustina(1*), Yusrizal Djam’an Saleh(2), Hari Kusnanto(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Rumah Sakit Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta
(3) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Determinants of pulmonary tuberculosis BTA (+) in the district of West Bandung

Purpose

This study aimed to determine the incidence of TB determination BTA (+) in the district of West Bandung.

Methods

This research was an analytic observational study with a case control design. Subjects were patients aged 15 years and over who came to the clinic for treatment with a diagnosis of patients with TB BTA (+) as the case group, and patients who did not have TB diagnosis by an examining physician in the clinic as a control group. Samples included 140 people. Data analysis was performed by  univariable, bivariable and multivariable analysis.

Results

Income and education were significantly associated with the incidence of TB BTA (+), with p-value 0.040 and 0.037 (p<0.05), respectively. Physical environment, smoking habits, the walls, the floor of the house, humidity, ventilation, lighting, cooking fuel, cigarette smoke exposure were significantly associated with the incidence of TB BTA (+) (p-value <0.05). History of contact (p-value 0.946> 0.05) and a history of BCG immunization (p-value 0.611> 0.05) were not significantly associated with the incidence of TB BTA (+).

Conclusion

Physical factors in the environment such as ventilation and fuel for cooking were significantly associated with the incidence of TB BTA (+). Appropriate efforts are recommended to avoid risks.


Keywords


determinants; pulmonary tuberculosis; BTA (+)



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.8558

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