Kehamilan usia remaja dan kejadian bayi berat lahir rendah di kabupaten Gunungkidul

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.7645

Edy Marjuang Purba(1*), Theodola Baning Rahayujati(2), Mohammad Hakimi(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Kulon Progo
(3) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Teenage pregnancy and low birth weight infants in Gunungkidul

Purpose

This study aimed to determine any association between teenage pregnancy and low birth weight in Gunungkidul district.

Method

The study used a retrospective cohort design. Samples were 394 people consisting of 197 people in the case group and 197 people in the control group. Case group subjects were teenage pregnant women (<20 years), while control group subjects were adult pregnant women (≥20 years) and both groups delivered a live birth. Case group were taken from all health centers that had complete record and control group were taken using systematic random sampling.

Results

Teenage pregnancy increases the risk of low birth weight babies. Related external factors consist of chronic energy deficiency, anemia and antenatal care visits, while the level of education and hypertension were not related.

Conclusion

Mothers suffering from less chronic energy and anemia increase the risk of giving birth to low birth weight babies, especially in teenage mothers.


Keywords


teenage pregnancy; low birth weight; less chronic energy; anemia



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.7645

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