Persepsi masyarakat terhadap imunisasi campak di kabupaten Sleman

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.6896

Yulia Irene Wahyunarni(1*), Riris Andono Ahmad(2), Atik Tri Ratnawati(3)

(1) Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi D.I. Yogyakarta
(2) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi, dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Community perception of measles immunization in Sleman

Purpose

This study conducted to explore the community’s perception of measles immunization in Sleman.

Methods

A phenomenological study was conducted involving interviews of the head of neighborhood’s ladies who were highly respected by their citizens, mothers with toddlers but refused immunizations, immunized toddler mothers, health workers who did not immunize their children based on information from FGDs of mothers who refused immunization, a toddler father who does not allow his child to be immunized, community leaders and religious leaders, in the village of Sukoharjo whose area has been infected with measles outbreaks. 

Results

The study found that first, people perceived that immunization has no benefit and even causes side effects for children’s under-five health. Second, the community perceives that immunization of measles is not mandatory because of the lack of the government's role in enforcing regulations related to measles immunization. Third, the perception of people against measles immunization is influenced by the behavior of health workers and religious leaders. 

Conclusions

The side effects of measles immunization, the influence of health workers' behavior and religious figures related to non-immunization against measles, and the lack of government's role in enforcing regulations related to the appeal of measles immunization are the factors that influence community's perception and a decision of not doing measles immunization. Government appeals related to immunization need to be improved, and in addition, education related to measles hazard should be done to the community, religious leaders and health workers to increase awareness and awareness of the dangers of measles.


Keywords


perception; measles; immunization



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.6896

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