Efektivitas konseling untuk meningkatkan ASI eksklusif pada ibu hamil di Tenggarong, Kutai Kartanegara

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.6708

Ismi Mufiddah(1*), Ira Paramastri(2), Trisno Agung Wibowo(3)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Effectiveness of counseling to increase exclusive breastfeeding practice among pregnant women in Tenggarong, Kutai Kartanegara

Purpose

This research aimed to examine the effectiveness of breastfeeding counseling, to increase knowledge, attitudes, perception for behavioral control, intention and behavior of mothers in exclusive breastfeeding (EBF).

Methods

A quasi-experiment study was conducted by comparing an experimental group (29 participants) and a control group (29 participants). The research was conducted in two public health center at different districts at Kutai Kartanegara. Respondents were pregnant women attending antenatal care. The independent variable was breastfeeding counseling, while dependent variables included knowledge, attitudes, perceived behavioral control, intention and behavior of mother on exclusive breastfeeding.

Results

Breastfeeding counseling during pregnancy increased knowledge about EBF. Counselling increased intentions to EBF as well. However, statistical analyses showed that counseling did not make changes to pregnant women’s attitude, perceived behavioral control, and intention to provide EBF. Similarly, there was no difference regarding the behavioral control and attitude towards EBF.

Conclusion

Counseling increased knowledge and intention to EBF. However, knowledge and intention were not necessarily improved with behavior in terms of EBF. Further research is needed to improve educational techniques.

 


Keywords


breastfeeding counseling; exclusive breastfeeding behavior



References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.6708

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