Faktor determinan proksi kejadian kematian neonatus di wilayah kerja Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Buton Utara

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.42573

La Ode Alifariki(1*), Adius Kusnan(2), La Rangki(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Halu Oleo
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Halu Oleo
(3) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Halu Oleo
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Proxy determinant factors of neonatal mortality rate in the working area of North Buton District Health Office

Purpose: This study aims to determine the proxy determinant of the incidence of neonatal death.

Methods: This type of research is observational analytic with a case control approach. The population is all neonatal born in the working area of North Buton District Health Office for the period of 2016-2018. Case samples were neonates who died before the age of 28 days while the control samples were neonates who lived to the age of 28 days with a sample size of 108, with a ratio of 1 case: 2 controls, the sample size was 36 and the control was 72 samples. Data collection is using a questionnaire. Data is processed using the SPSS 16.0 for Windows program to present data in the form of tables and narratives based on the variables studied. Data were analyzed using the test (OR) at the limit of significance α = 0.05.

Results: Based on this study, it can be concluded that the risk factors for neonatal death in the working area of North Buton District Health Office are distance birth OR = 8,5 (3,334-21,668), antenatal care quality OR = 3,571 (1,522-8,380), delivery helper OR = 12,429 (4,788-32,259), neonatal sepsis / postnatal infection OR = 4,247 (1,785-10,063), accessibility OR = 4,545 (1,932-10,692), delay in deciding to seek help OR = 6,000 (2,441-14,751).

Conclusion: The proxy determinant of neonatal death in the working area of North Buton District Health Office in 2018 was a delivery helper.


Keywords


neonatal mortality; determinant factor

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2016. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2016.
  2. WHO&UNICEF. Levels and trends in child mortality: Report 2017. United Nations Inter-Group for Child Mortality Estimation. 2017; doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60703-9
  3. Liu L, Oza S, Hogan D, Chu Y, Perin J, Zhu J, et al. Global, regional, and national causes of under-5 mortality in 2000–15: an updated systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals [Internet]. The Lancet. 2016. pp. 3027–3035. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31593-8
  4. WHO. WHO methods and data sources for global burden of disease estimates 2000-2015. Global Health Estimates Technical Paper WHO/HIS/HSI/GHE/2015. 2017.
  5. UNICEF. The neonatal period is the most vulnerable time for a child. 2018.
  6. WHO. WHO methods and data sources for life tables 1990-2015. 2016.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik, Badan Koordinasi Keluarga Berencana Nasional, Departemen Kesehatan, & Macro International. Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2012. 2013.
  8. Nations U, United Nations. Sustainable Development Goals [Internet]. 2017. doi:10.18356/107200fd-en
  9. Sultra D. Profil Kesehatan Sulawesi Tenggara tahun 2016. In: Kementerian Kesehatan [Internet]. 2017. Available: www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/profil/PROFIL...2016/28_Sultra_2016.pdf
  10. Sultra D. Profil Kesehatan Sulawesi Tenggara tahun 2013 [Internet]. 2014. Available: www.depkes.go.id/resources/.../profil/PROFIL_KES...2013/28_Prov_Sultra_2013.pdf
  11. Sultra D. Profil Kesehatan Sulawesi Tenggara tahun 2014. In: Kementerian Kesehatan [Internet]. 2015. Available: www.depkes.go.id/.../profil/PROFIL_KES...2014/28_Sulawesi_Tenggara_2014.pdf
  12. Sultra D. Profil Kesehatan Sulawesi Tenggara tahun 2015. In: Dinkes Sultra. 2016.
  13. Kanu JS, Tang Y, Liu Y. Assessment on the Knowledge and Reported Practices of Women on Maternal and Child Health in Rural Sierra Leone: A Cross-Sectional Survey. PLoS One. Public Library of Science; 2014;9: e105936.
  14. Fitri A, Adisasmita A, Mahkota R. Pengaruh Jarak Kelahiran terhadap Kematian Bayi di Indonesia, Filipina, dan Kamboja (Analisis Data Survei Demografi Kesehatan). Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Indonesia. 2017;1.doi:10.7454/epidkes.v1i2.1806
  15. Yani DF, Duarsa ABS. Pelayanan Kesehatan Ibu dan Kematian Neonatal. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal. 2013;7: 373–377.
  16. Ramanda B. FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO YANG MEMENGARUHI KEMATIAN NEONATAL DI KOTA PONTIANAK. Jurnal ProNers. 2017;3. Available: http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmkeperawatanFK/article/view/21136
  17. Syafrudin&Hamidah. Kebidanan Komunitas. EGC; 2009.
  18. Wandira A. K I. Faktor Penyebab Kematian Bayi Di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan. 1: 33–42.
  19. Sarwani D AB. Pemodelan Kuantitatif Determinan-Determinan yang Mempengaruhi Kematian Perinatal (Studi Kasus RSUD Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto). Pemodelan Kuantitatif Determinan-Determinan yang Mempengaruhi Kematian Perinatal (Studi Kasus RSUD Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto). Purwokerto: Universitas Jendral Soedirman; 2011.
  20. Abubakar A. Kajian Faktor Risiko Kematian Ibu dan Bayi di Provinsi Aceh. In: Bappeda Aceh [Internet]. 2016. Available: https://bappeda.acehprov.go.id/download/download/62
  21. Ika Fibriana A. Faktor- Faktor Risiko yang Mempengaruhi Kematian Maternal (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Cilacap). Jurnal Epidemiologi. 2007; Available: http://eprints.undip.ac.id/4421/1/arulita.pdf



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.42573

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 291 | views : 156

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter