Investigation of Measles Outbreak in a School, Blora District, Central Java, Indonesia 2016

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.37570

ahmad musyafa(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: On December 6, 2016 Blora District Health Office (DHO) received a reports of four suspected measles cases from Jiken Public Health Centers (PHC). All cases were from a Public High School.  Field investigation was conducted to characterize the outbreak.

Methods: We conducted active case finding to find additional cases. We defined a case as students from affected high school with skin rash and influenza like syndrome and/or conjunctivitis, and/or blood test positive for IgM for measles during August 29 to December 28, 2016. Primary data were collected by interviewing patients and their parents or care giver. Secondary data were collected from Blora DHO, PHC and schools.


Results: Of 270 students, 44 were matched to our case definition. We found 14 cases were from a high school. The first case was a student who had sibling with measles in his house and student of a Kindergarten. Additional 27 cases were identified during our investigation in the Kindergarten. We found that the first case in this kindergarten have had a contact with her family who had measles after returned form other province. Of 44 cases, 14 cases were from high school, 27 from kindergarten, and 3 cases from community. The highest Attack Rate (AR,
56.8%) was children aged 5 – 10 years, children who attend kindergarten (39.7%).
Immunization coverage data was not available at DHO or PHC, and most of the care giver were no remember the measles immunization status of their children.  

Conclusion: The measles outbreak has a Public High School and a Kindergarten in from Agust-Desember 2016. The late detection of measles cases has contributed to this outbreak. Improvement of immunization and surveillance systems for prevention of future outbreak. Provision of Vitamin A and ORI was conducted to contain the outbreak


Keywords


Measles, Outbreak, Blora, Active case finding



References

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Blora. (2016a). Statistik Daerah Kabupaten Blora 2016. Blora Jawa Tengah.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Blora. (2016b). Statistik Daerah Kecamatan Jiken 2016. Blora Jawa Tengah.

Chin, J., & Editor, M. P. H. (2000). MANUAL PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKIT MENULAR (diterjemah). Jakarta.

Gregg, M. B. (2008). Field Epidemiology. (M. B. Gregg, Ed.) (Third Edit). New York.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2008). Petunjuk Teknis Surveilans Campak. (Sub Dit Surveilans Epidemiologi, Ed.). Jakarta Indonesia.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2010). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia No. 1501/Menkes/PER/X/2010. Jakarta Indonesia.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2011). Buku Pedoman Penyelidikan dan Penanggulangan Kejadian Luar Biasa Penyakit Menular dan Keracunan Pangan. Jakarta Indonesia.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI. nomor 42 tahun 2013 tentang Penyelenggaraan Imunisasi. Jakarta Indonesia.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2014). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI No 45 tahun 2014 tentang Penyelenggaraan Surveilans Kesehatan. Jakarta Indonesia.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2016). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2015. http://doi.org/351.077 Ind

Tang, Z.-Z., Xie, Y.-H., Jiraphongsa, C., Liu, X.-H., Li, Z.-Y., &

Chongsuvivatwong, V. (2016). Risk factors for measles in children younger than age 8 months: A case-control study during an outbreak in Guangxi, China, 2013. American Journal of Infection Control, 44(4), e51–e58. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.11.005

Vemula, V. N., Li, L., Thoon, K. C., Chong, C. Y., Tee, N. W. S., Maiwald, M., & Tan, N. W. H. (2016). Risk factors and clinical profile of measles infection in children in Singapore. Infection, Disease & Health, 21(4), 192–196. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2016.11.004

WHO. (2014). World Health Organization | Measles. World Health Organization.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.37570

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 110

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter