Distribusi spasial-temporal faktor lingkungan fisik malaria di Banjarnegara

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.27505

Rizki Wahistina(1*), Lutfan Lazuardi(2), Sitti Rahmah Umniyati(3)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Kebijakan dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Parasitologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Spatial-temporal distribution of physical environmental factors of malaria cases in Banjarnegara of Central Java

Purpose

The study aimed to describe physical environmental factors (temperature, humidity, wind velocity and rainfall) statistically, using graphs/time trends and spatial analysis and to analyze its effect on malaria incidence.

Method

This study used the design of ecological studies with spatial-temporal approach. The data were time series data of months of malaria incident and physical environment factors in Banjarnegara period 2011-2015. Poisson and binomial negative regression models were used to analyze the influence of physical environmental factors with the incidence of malaria.

Results

Statistical, graph/time trend, and spatial analysis indicate that there were correlations between temperature, humidity, wind velocity and rainfall with malaria incidence. Negative binomial regression model was the best. It showed that the temperature in the same year (lag 0), the temperature in the previous two months (lag 2 ) and rainfall on the previous month (lag 1) affected the incidence of malaria.

Conclusion

The local government of Banjarnegara needs to consider the physical environment factors in implementing the prevention program.


Keywords


spatial-temporal; malaria incidence; phyisical environment



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.27505

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