Factors associated with quality of life among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26393

Putri Tiara Rosha, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi,

(1) Department of Biostatistic, Epidemiology, and Population Health Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Health Behaviour, Environmental Health and Social Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Abstract


Purpose: This study is conducted to examine factors associated with quality of life among patients with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Method: This study was a cross-sectional study involving 146 patients from Muhammadiyah and Temanggung hospital. The quality of life was measured using clinical questionnaire. The independent variables were body mass index, smoking status, severity level, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and depression. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square and Poisson regression.

Results: The majority of patients aged 67 years (36.3%) are male (61%), had normal weight (55.5%) and quitted smoking for 0-5 years (20.6%). Spirometry shows that almost half (40,4%) patients are at the moderate level. The highest proportion of comorbidities are hypertension (34.2%), depression (32.9%) and diabetes mellitus (6.2%). There are 28.1% patients who had a poor quality of life. Multivariate analysis shows that current smoker, very severe level of the disease and depression related to the quality of life.

Conclusion: Current smoker, very severe level of the disease and depression could lead to a worse quality of life. Medication management programs should encourage patients to stop smoking. The development of interventions focusing on depression is also needed.


Keywords


depression; COPD; smoking; spirometry; quality of life



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26393

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