Polusi udara dalam ruangan dan kejadian kardiometabolik di Indonesia: analisis data Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS)

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26159

Fitri Kusuma Dewi(1*), Lutfan Lazuardi(2)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Kebijakan dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Indoor air pollution and cardiometabolic diseases in Indonesia: an Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) analysis

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between indoor air pollution due to the use of firewood with cardiometabolic disease.

Methods

This research was a prospective cohort study conducted by comparing secondary data of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 2 to IFLS 5. Bivariate analysis used logistic regression and simple Cox regression tests. Multivariate analysis used Cox regression tests.

Results

Results showed exposure to air pollution due to the use of firewood accelerated the incidence of diabetes mellitus by 1.32 times, after controlling for the variables of smoking status, education level, body mass index, waist circumference, and domicile areas. The use of firewood was not correlated to the rate of onset of cardiovascular disease such as CHD and stroke.

Conclusion

This research recommends LPG as a replacement fuel.


Keywords


indoor air pollution; diabetes mellitus; cardiovascular disease



References

  1. WHO. Global report on diabetes. Geneva; 2016. https://www.google.co.id/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjJvOPzlbrRAhUJo48KHaZsBVQQFggbMAA&url=http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/204871/1/9789241565257_eng.pdf&usg=AFQjCNEsKtjK346lwYNoDqI3wcLxNexBzQ&sig2=pnnFMLKzDC1-FHByFbMsMw.
  2. WHO. WHO _ Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Media Center. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/. Published 2016.
  3. Kementrian Kesehatan RI. RISET KESEHATAN DASAR 2013. Jakarta; 2013.
  4. Lee M, Hang J, Zhang F, Dai H, Su L, Christiani DC. In-home solid fuel use and cardiovascular disease : a cross-sectional analysis of the Shanghai Putuo study. Enviromental Heal. 2012;11(18):1-8.
  5. Baumgartner J, Schauer JJ, Ezzati M, Lu L, Cheng C, Patz JA. Indoor Air Pollution and Blood Pressure in Adult Women Living in Rural China. Enviromental Heal Perspect. 2011;1390(10):1390-1395.
  6. Chakraborty D. Indoor pollution from solid biomass fuel and rural health damage : A micro-environmental study in rural area of Burdwan , West Bengal. Int J Sustain Built Environ. 2014;3(2):262-271. doi:10.1016/j.ijsbe.2014.11.002.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik. Sensus Penduduk 2010. Jakarta; 2010. https://sp2010.bps.go.id/.
  8. Lim DSS, Prof Theo Vos P, Abraham D Flaxman P, et al. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380(9859):2224-2260. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61766-.
  9. Qu W, Yan Z, Qu G, Ikram M. Household Solid Fuel Use and Cardiovascular Disease in Rural Areas in Shanxi , China. Iran J Public Heal. 2015;44(5):625-638.
  10. Eze IC, Schaffner E, Fischer E, et al. Long-term air pollution exposure and diabetes in a population-based Swiss cohort. Enviromental Int. 2014;70:95-105. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.014.
  11. Genc S, Zadeoglulari Z, Fuss SH, Genc K. The Adverse Effects of Air Pollution on the Nervous System. J Toxixology. 2012;2012. doi:10.1155/2012/782462.
  12. Rao X, Patel P, Puett R, Rajagopalan S. Air Pollution as a Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes. Toxicol Sci. 2015;143(2):231-241. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfu250.
  13. Thiering E, Cyrys J, Kratzsch J, Meisinger C, Hoffmann B, Berdel D. Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Insulin Resistance in Children: Results from The GINIplus and LISAplus birth Cohorts. Diabetologia. 2013;56:1696-1704.
  14. Chuang K, YAn Y, Cheng T. Effect of air pollution on blood pressure, blood lipids, and blood sugar: A population-based approach. J Occup Env Med. 2010;52:258-262.
  15. Nie P, Sousa-poza A, Xue J. Fuel for Life : Domestic Cooking Fuels and Women ’ s Health in Rural China. Enviromental Res Public Heal. 2016;13:8-15. doi:10.3390/ijerph13080810.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26159

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1121 | views : 1165

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter