Polusi udara dalam ruangan dan kejadian kardiometabolik di Indonesia: analisis data Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS)


Fitri Kusuma Dewi(1*), Lutfan Lazuardi(2)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Kebijakan dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Indoor air pollution and cardiometabolic diseases in Indonesia: an Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) analysis


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between indoor air pollution due to the use of firewood with cardiometabolic disease.


This research was a prospective cohort study conducted by comparing secondary data of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 2 to IFLS 5. Bivariate analysis used logistic regression and simple Cox regression tests. Multivariate analysis used Cox regression tests.


Results showed exposure to air pollution due to the use of firewood accelerated the incidence of diabetes mellitus by 1.32 times, after controlling for the variables of smoking status, education level, body mass index, waist circumference, and domicile areas. The use of firewood was not correlated to the rate of onset of cardiovascular disease such as CHD and stroke.


This research recommends LPG as a replacement fuel.


indoor air pollution; diabetes mellitus; cardiovascular disease


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26159

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