Perilaku minum sopi pada remaja di Kecamatan Maulafa, Kota Kupang

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26094

Arman Rifat Lette(1*), Atik Tri Ratnawati(2), Idei Khurnia Swasti(3)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Sopi drinking behavior among adolescents in Kupang

Purpose

This research aimed to identify sopi drinking behavior among adolescents in Maulfa.

Methods

This research was a qualitative study with an exploratory design and phenomenological approach. The main informants were adolescents who drink sopi and supporter informants were religious leaders or community leaders, parents, sopi sellers, health workers and adolescents who did not drink sopi. Data collection used observations, In-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. The informant sampling was obtained by purposive sampling through convenience sampling strategy.

Result

Results showed that adolescents start to drink sopi since junior high school and senior high school. They have known sopi since the age of 13-17 years old. The number of sopi consumed is usually about two-six bottles and they drink it together with their friends. Some factors that encourage teenagers to consume sopi are: 1) to obtain many friends and build friendship; and 2) to know each other well and to make a good communication between them.

Conclusion

Social factors such as a culture play an important role to build the sopi drinking behavior in adolescents. The adolescents consider that sopi drinking behavior is an easy thing to do because it is easy to obtain and cheap.


Keywords


sopi drinking behavior; adolescents; decision making



References


  1. Benjet, C., Borges, G.,Mendez, E.,Casanova, L & Mora, M.E. (2014). Adolescent alcohol use and alcohol use disorders in Mexico City. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 136, 43–50.
  2. Mastroianni, N., Alda, M. L & Barcelo, D. (2014). Analysis  of  ethyl  sulfate  in  raw  wastewater  for  estimation  of  alcohol consumption  and  its  correlation  with  drugs  of  abuse  in  the  city  of Barcelona. Journal  of  Chromatography, 1360, 93–99.
  3. WHO. (2014). Global status report on alcohol and health 2014. http : // www.who . int / substance _ abuse / publications / global _ status _ report _ 2014 _ overview.pdf (diakses 22 Agustus 2014).
  4. Bahri, S. (2013). GENAM: Indonesia darurat miras, 83,1% remaja Indonesia mencoba minuman beralkohol. http : // www . dakwatuna . com / 2013 / 10 / 09 / 40376 /genam-indonesia-darurat-miras-831-remaja-indonesia-mencoba-minuman-beralkohol/#axzz3QBXAOHbX (diaskes 14 Januari 2014).
  5. Mangerud, L. W., Bjerkeset, O., Holmen, T. L., Lydersen, S & Indredavik, M. S. (2014). Smoking, alcohol consumption, and drug use among adolescents with psychiatric disorders compared with a population based sample. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 1189-1199.
  6. Stransky, M. (2014). Moderate alcohol consumption – Blessing or curse?. Faculty of Health and Social Studies of University of South Bohemia.
  7. Chen, M. C.,Yi, H & Faden, B. F. (2013). Surveillance report #96 trends in underage drinking in the united states, 1991–2011. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service,National Institutes of Health.
  8. Chisolm, J.D., Manganello, A.J., Kelleher, J.K & Marshal, P.M. (2014). Health literacy, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol use behaviors in teens. Patient Education and Counseling, 97, 291–296.
  9. Paswan, K. A., Gai, L & Jeon, S. (2015). Alcohol and college students: Reasons, realization and intention to quit Audhesh. Journal of business research, 68, 2075–2083.
  10. Bird, R.E., Gilmore, K.A., George, H.W & Lewis, A.M. 2015. The role of social drinking factors in the relationship between incapacitated sexual assault and drinking before sexual activity. Addictive Behaviors, doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.08.001.
  11. Bonar, E.E., Cunningham, M.R., Polshkova, S., Chermack, T.S., Blow, C.F &  Walton, A.M. (2015). Alcohol and energy drink use among adolescents seeking emergency department care. Addictive Behaviors, 43 : 11–17.
  12. Poprawa, R . (2015). A subjective assessment of the short-term effects of alcohol consumption. Preliminary studies on the Polish language
    adaptation of ‘‘The Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale’’. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction / Alkoholizm i Narkomania, 28, 1–21.
  13. Nurwijaya, H & Ikawati, Z. (2009). Bahaya alkohol dan cara mencegah kecanduannya. Jakarta : Elex Media Komputindo.
  14. Al-Mighwar, M. (2006). Psikologi Remaja. Petunjuk bagi guru dan orangtua. Bandung : Pustaka setia.
  15. Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational behavior and human decision processes 50, 179-211. http : // www . nottingham . ac .uk / ~ ntzcl1 / literature / tpb / azjen2.pdf (diakses 11 Februari 2015).
  16. Glanz, K., Rimer, B. K & Viswanath, K. (2008). Health behavior and health education (theory, research and practice) fifth edition. United States of America : Jossey-Bass.
  17. Donovan, R. J & Henley, N. (2003). Social Marketing, Principle and practice. Melbourne : IP Communication.
  18. Mohanty, S., Tripathy, R., Palo, K. S & Jena, D. (2013). Socioeconomic, demographic study on substance abuse among students of professional college in a southern town, berhampur of odisha state (India). Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, volume 20, issue 8, November 2013, pages 1057-1062.
  19. Glass, E.J., Grant, D.J., Yoonc, Y.H & Bucholz, K.K. (2015). Alcohol problem recognition and help seeking in adolescents and young adults at varying genetic and environmental risk. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 153,  250–257.
  20. Stautz, K. (2013). Impulsivity, peer influence, and adolescent substance use. Doctoral thesis, Goldsmiths, University of London [Thesis] : Goldsmiths research online. Available at: http://research.gold.ac.uk/10158/.
  21. Langitan, A. (2007). Persepsi remaja terhadap pencegahan perilaku minum alkohol di Kota Tomohon Propinsi Sulawesi Utara. Perilaku dan promosi kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran. Tesis : Universitas Gadjah Mada.
  22. Ayuka, F., Barnett, R & Pearce, J. (2014). Neighbourhood availability of alcohol outlets and hazardous alcohol consumption in New Zealand. Health & Place, 29, 186–199.
  23. Pearson, A. L., Bowie, C & Thornton, E. L. (2014). Is access to alcohol associated with alcohol/substance abuse among people diagnosed with anxiety/mood disorder?. Public Health, 128, 968 -976.
  24. Morton, M.C.,  Simmel, C & Peterson, A. N. (2014). Neighborhood alcohol outlet density and rates of child abuse and neglect: Moderating effects of access to substance abuse services. Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 38, Issue 5, May 2014, Pages 952-961.
  25. Pilarska. A & Pilarski. R. (2015). Immunity resources and risk factors in relation to the use of alcohol and marijuana in early adulthood. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction / Alkoholizm i Narkomania, 28, 23–35.
  26. Davison, C. G., Neale, M. J & Kring, M. A. (2012). Psikologi abnormal edisi ke-9. Jakarta : Rajawali Pers.
  27. Lewis, P.T & Hession, C. (2012). Alcohol use: from childhood through adolescence. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 27, e50 – e58.
  28. Wang, K., Song, H., Jin, M., Xiao, H., Zhao, G., Zou, H & Yu, L. (2014). Chronic alcohol consumption from adolescence to adulthood in mice ehypothalamic gene xpression changes in insulin-signaling pathway.  Alcohol, 1-8.
  29. Alati, R., Baker, P.,  Betts, S. K., Connor,P.J., Little. K., Sanson, A & Olsson, A.C. (2014). The role of parental alcohol use, parental discipline and antisocial behaviour on adolescent drinking trajectories. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 134, 178–184.
  30. Wagenaar, A. C., Toomey, T. L & Lenk, K. M. (2005). Environmental influences on Young adult drinking. Alcohol Research and Health, 28 (4).
  31. Schinke, P.S.,  chwinn, M.T & Fang, L. (2010). Longitudinal outcomes of an alcohol abuse prevention program for urban adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, Volume 46, Issue 5 May 2010, Pages 451-457.
  32. Koning, M. I., Lugtig, P & Vollebergh, A. M. W. (2014). Differential effects of baseline drinking status: Effects of an alcohol prevention program targeting students and/or parents (PAS) among weekly drinking students. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46, 522–527.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26094

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 565 | views : 1122

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter