Faktor risiko kejadian kusta di kabupaten Lamongan

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.25569

Aprizal Aprizal(1*), Lutfan Lazuardi(2), Hardyanto Soebono(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Kebijakan dan Manajemen Kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Dermatologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Risk factors of leprosy in district of Lamongan

Purpose

This study aimed to know the risk factors of leprosy incidence in Lamongan district including economic status or family income, BCG vaccination, residential density, floor conditions, source of water, contact history, bathing habit using soap and using footwear.

Methods

The research was a case-control study. The subjects were the people who had clinical or laboratory symptoms, leprosy diagnosed and recorded in the health center register. The samples were 170 people, consisting of 85 cases and 85 controls. The data were analysed using chi-square and logistic regression tests, and the amount of the risk was calculated using odds ratio.

Results

The risk-factors associated with the incidence of leprosy in Lamongan were the economic status or family income (OR=4.3 and p=0.001), BCG vaccination (OR=4.3 and p=0.050), residential density (OR=3.2 and p=0.001), floor conditions (OR=2.8 and p=0.051), source of water (OR=2.1 and p=0.033), contact history (OR=7.8 and p=0.001), bathing habit using soap (OR=3.1 and p=0.022) and using footwear (OR=3.1 and p=0.004). The dominant risk factor was BCG vaccination (OR = 8.1 and p=0.025).

Conclusion

There were correlations between leprosy incidence and the economic status or family income, BCG vaccination, residential density, floor conditions, source of water, contact history, bathing habit using soap and using footwear. The dominant risk factor was BCG vaccination.


Keywords


leprosy; economic status; BCG vaccination; home condition; individual behavior



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.25569

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