Curah hujan, kelembapan, kecepatan angin ketersediaan air bersih, dan kasus diare di daerah kering Kupang

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.25005

Hubi Maria Padji(1*), Sudarmadji Sudarmadji(2)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Rainfall, humidity, wind speed, availability of clean water and diarrheal cases in dry area of Kupang, Indonesia

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the relation of climate factors and the availability of clean water with the diarrhea occurrence in Kupang City from the years of 2011-2015.

Methods: This study used an ecological study design with Pearson correlation with Spearman correlation tests and used secondary data consisting of diarrhea cases, water discharge, and climate data of Kupang City from 2011-2015.

Results: The results of statistical analysis showed that variables that correlate with diarrhea occurrence in Kupang City were rainfall (p = 0.0001; r = -0.48), humidity lag1-3 (p = 0.000; r = -0, 5), wind speed lag2-3 (p = 0.000; r = 0,5 and clean water supply (p = 0.0002; r = - 0.47) while the air temperature variable had no correlation with diarrhea occurrence in Kupang city in 2011 -2015 (p value > 0.05).

Conclusion: Based on the research results, it was concluded that the variables of rainfall, humidity lag1-3, wind speed lag2-3 and availability of clean water were correlated with the incidence of diarrhea in Kupang City from the years of 2011-2015.


Keywords


climatic factors; clean water; diarrhea; ecological studies



References

  1. Anonim. Rencana Aksi Nasional Adaptasi Perubahan Iklim (RAN-API). Kementerian PPN/Bappenas;2013
  2. Relman, D.A., Hamburg, M.A., Choffnes, E.R., Mack, A. Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events: Understanding the Contributions to Infectious Disease Emergence: Workshop Summary ISBN : 0-3., The National Academies Press Washington D.C. 2008 Available at: http://www.nap.edu/catalog
  3. Sumantri, A. Kesehatan Lingkungan & Perspektif Islam. Penerbit Kencana. Jakarta;2010.
  4. Rose JB, Epstein PR, Lipp EK, Sherman BH, Bernard SM, Patz JA. Climate variability and change in the United States: potential impacts on water-and foodborne diseases caused by microbiologic agents. Environmental health perspectives. 2001 May;109(Suppl 2):211.
  5. Singh RB, Hales S, De Wet N, Raj R, Hearnden M, Weinstein P. The influence of climate variation and change on diarrheal disease in the Pacific Islands. Environmental health perspectives. 2001 Feb;109(2):155.
  6. D'souza RM, Hall G, Becker NG. Climatic factors associated with hospitalizations for rotavirus diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age. Epidemiology & Infection. 2008 Jan;136(1):56-64.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik. Kota Kupang Dalam Angka 2011. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Kupang; 2011.
  8. Dinas Kesehatan. Profil Kesehatan Kota Kupang Tahun 2013. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Kupang;2013
  9. Lal A, Ikeda T, French N, Baker MG, Hales S. Climate variability, weather and enteric disease incidence in New Zealand: time series analysis. PLoS One. 2013 Dec 23;8(12):e83484.
  10. Britton E, Hales S, Venugopal K, Baker MG. The impact of climate variability and change on cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis rates in New Zealand. Journal of Water and Health. 2010 Sep 1;8(3):561-71.
  11. Hashizume M, Armstrong B, Wagatsuma Y, Faruque AS, Hayashi T, Sack DA. Rotavirus infections and climate variability in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a time-series analysis. Epidemiology&Infection.2008 Sep;136(9):1281-9.
  12. Onozuka D, Hashizume M. Weather variability and paediatric infectious gastroenteritis. Epidemiology & Infection. 2011 Sep;139(9):1369-78..
  13. Chou WC, Wu JL, Wang YC, Huang H, Sung FC, Chuang CY. Modeling the impact of climate variability on diarrhea-associated diseases in Taiwan (1996–2007). Science of the Total Environment. 2010 Dec 1;409(1):43-51.
  14. Checkley W, Epstein LD, Gilman RH, Figueroa D, Cama RI, Patz JA, Black RE. Effects of EI Niño and ambient temperature on hospital admissions for diarrhoeal diseases in Peruvian children. The Lancet. 2000 Feb 5;355(9202):442-50.
  15. Gao J, Sun Y, Lu Y, Li L. Impact of ambient humidity on child health: a systematic review. PloS one. 2014 Dec 12;9(12):e112508.
  16. Prasetyo D, Ermaya Y, Martiza I, Yati S. Correlation between climate variations and rotavirus diarrhea in under-five children in Bandung. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease. 2015 Nov 1;5(11):908-11.
  17. Rarugal A, Roxas Villanueva RM, Tapang GA. Impact of climatic factors on acute bloody diarrhea, dengue and influenza-like illness incidences in the Philippines. GRASPA WORKING PAPERS. 2015:1-4.
  18. Mukabutera A, Thomson D, Murray M, Basinga P, Nyirazinyoye L, Atwood S, Savage KP, Ngirimana A, Hedt-Gauthier BL. Rainfall variation and child health: effect of rainfall on diarrhea among under 5 children in Rwanda, 2010. BMC public health. 2016 Dec;16(1):731. 
  19. Cha S, Kang D, Tuffuor B, Lee G, Cho J, Chung J, Kim M, Lee H, Lee J, Oh C. The effect of improved water supply on diarrhea prevalence of children under five in the Volta region of Ghana: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2015 Sep 25;12(10):12127-43.
  20. World Health Organization. Treatment of Diarrhoea : A manual for physicians and other senior health workers . Geneva
  21. Chandra B. Pengantar kesehatan lingkungan. Jakarta: EGC. 2007.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.25005

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 691 | views : 314

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat



Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter