Paparan pestisida terhadap kejadian penyakit paru obstruktif kronis pada petani di Sumatera Utara

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.24160

Jernita Sinaga(1*), Nurliyani Nurliyani(2), Yusrizal Djam’an Saleh(3)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Purpose

This study aims to analyze and describe the risk of exposure to pesticides (age, sex, education, smoking habits, length of service, time of spraying, number of pesticides and personal protective equipment) related to the incidence of COPD to farmers in Barus Jahe, Karo District.

Methods

This case control study with a total sample of 90 people, consisting of 45 cases and 45 controls. Samples were taken by simple random sampling. Data analysis was performed using univariable tests, bivariable with Chi-square tests and multivariable with logistic regression.

Results

There was a significant correlation between age, gender, education, employment, personal protective equipment to the incidence of COPD, while there was no significant association between the time of spraying, the amount of pesticides and smoking status with the incidence of COPD. The most influential factors on the incidence of COPD is the working period and personal protective equipment.

Conclusion

Farmers should always use personal protective equipment and appropriate dosage of pesticide as stated on the packaging label. Public health office also can reduce COPD infections with early detection to farmers who exposed to pesticides every day.


Keywords


COPD; pesticides; farmer; sphyrometri



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.24160

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