Determinan sosial kejadian diare akut pada anak usia 0-59 bulan di Purworejo

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.18150

Lucky Radita Alma(1*), Titis Widowati(2), Trisno Agung Wibowo(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Dinas Kesehatan Yogykarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Social determinants of acute diarrhea in children aged 0-59 months in Purworejo

Purpose

This study aimed to determine the social determinants of acute diarrhea occurrence in children aged 0-59 months in Purworejo.

Methods

This study used a match case control design with a ratio of 1: 1. Cases are children aged 0-59 months who went to Saras Husada Hospital diagnosed with acute diarrhea, escorted by their mothers and domiciled in Purworejo. Controls are children aged 0-59 months who were treated in Saras Husada Hospital, not diagnosed with acute diarrhea or diseases that have diarrhea symptoms. The variables studied included mother's education level, mother's employment status, mother's knowledge, mother's attitude, mother's behavior, nutritional status and residence area. The sample size was 212 children. The sampling technique used consecutive sampling. Bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed using conditional logistic regression tests.

Results

The results of bivariate analysis showed that the variables with significance are maternal education level (OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.24-0.80; p = 0.008), mother’s work status (OR = 0.56; 95% CI = 0.33-0.96; p = 0.038) and mother’s behavior (OR = 1.84; 95% CI = 1.05-3.22; p = 0.032). The results of multivariate analysis showed that maternal education level, maternal employment status and mother's behavior had a significant relationship to acute diarrhea.

Conclusion

The social determinants of acute diarrhea occurrence in children aged 0-59 months in Purworejo District are the mother's education level, mother's employment status and mother's behavior.


Keywords


acute diarrhea; social determinant; Purworejo



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.18150

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