Indeks massa tubuh dan kejadian diabetes melitus pada penduduk dewasa di Indonesia: analisis data IFLS tahun 2015

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.17734

Nine Luthansa(1*), Dibyo Pramono(2)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Bagian Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Preventif dan Ilmu Kesehatan Gigi Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Body mass index and incidence of diabetes mellitus in adult population in Indonesia: analysis of IFLS data 5

Purpose

This study aimed to determine the relationship between BMI with DM incidence in the adult population in Indonesia.

Methods

This cross sectional study was conducted using the 5th Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS5) data which is a collaboration of the RAND corporation and Survey Meter. Chi square and logistic regression tests were used to analyze the relationship between BMI and DM incidence. BMI was obtained through measurement of body weight and height in respondents aged > 18 years. Information on the incidence of DM was obtained from interviews with respondents.

Results

There were 22,647 subjects who met the study criteria. The proportion of DM in this study was 2.89%. People with obese BMI had a higher risk of developing DM than people with underweight BMI (OR = 3.15; 95% CI = 2.05- 4.82). After adjusting for gender, age, and education variables, the risk remained significant (OR = 3.29; 95% CI = 2.14-5.065).

Conclusion

Body mass index is associated with the incidence of diabetes mellitus, in which people with excessive BMI or obese have a greater risk of developing DM than people with underweight BMI.


Keywords


body mass index; diabetes mellitus; IFLS5



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.17734

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