Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian kanker serviks di rumah sakit Sardjito Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.17160

Dwi Putri Sulistiya(1*), Dibyo Pramono(2), Detty Nurdiati(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Kedokteran Gigi dan Pencegahan, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Obstetrik dan Ginekologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada/RSUP Dr. Sardjito
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Related factors for cervical cancer incidence in Dr. Sardjito Hospital in Yogyakarta

Purpose

This study aimed to determine the factors associated with the incidence of cervical cancer in Dr. Sardjito Hospital.

Methods

A case control study was conducted from July to October 2016. A total of 105 cases and 105 controls were included in the study. Cases were patients suffering from cervical cancer based on doctor's diagnosis, and controls were patients who do not have cervical cancer. Sampling was done by consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed by chi-square and logistic regression tests.

Results

Factors associated with incidence of cervical cancer in Sardjito hospital were the first age variable for sexual intercourse ≤ 20 years with aOR of 2.41 (95% CI: 1.35-4,29; p=0.003) and use of oral contraceptive/pill with aOR of 3.40 (95% CI: 1.46-7.92; p=0.004), while the number of pairs, parities, pads, circumcision and smoking were not associated with the incidence of cervical cancer.

Conclusion

Women who have not been sexually active can vaccinate for HPV. Also, they need to use condoms when having sex. Women aged 30-49 years (sexually active) are expected to be able to follow the early detection program of cervical cancer with visual inspection method of acetic acid which can now be done in health centers and have a pap smear examination at least once a year.


Keywords


cervical cancer; case control



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.17160

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