Peringatan kemasan rokok bergambar dan intensi berhenti merokok di Sleman

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.16999

Sendhy Krisnasari(1*), Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi(2), Abdul Wahab(3)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan, dan Kedokteran Sosial Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan, dan Kedokteran Sosial Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Warning of illustrated cigarette packaging and smoking cessation intention in Sleman

Purpose

This study aimed to identify the relationship of pictorial warnings to cigarette packaging with the intention to stop smoking or not to start smoking in Sleman regency.

Methods

The study used secondary data from the study "The effectiveness of warning images on cigarette packs on smoking behavior in Sleman, Yogyakarta" from 2015 and used a cross- sectional design with 155 respondents. Data were analyzed using chi square tests with significance level 95% (p <0.05) and multiple logistic regression test.

Results

There was a correlation between pictorial warning, social environment and perceptions of the dangers of cigarettes with the intention of quitting smoking or the intention of not starting to smoke.

Conclusion

Pictorial warning on cigarette packs, good social environment and perception of cigarette hazard may support the intention to stop smoking on smokers and intention not to smoke on non-smokers. Therefore, pictorial warnings that show the danger of smoking should be produced more as an intervention to reduce the intention of smoker to smoke and prevent non-smoker intention from starting smoking. 


Keywords


pictorial warning; intention to quit smoking; intention not to start smoking; social environment; perception of the dangers of smoking



References

  1. WHO. Major causes of death;2014. Available at www.who.int (accessed March 17, 2015). 
  2. Eriksen M, Mackay J, Ross H. The tobacco atlas. American Cancer Society; 2013.
  3. Kementerian Kesehatan Indonesia. Riset kesehatan dasar. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan. 2013.
  4. Thabrany H, Sarnantio P. Indonesia: The Heaven For Cigarette Companies and The Hell For People. P (1-10). 2012.
  5. Hammond D, Thrasher J, Reid JL, Driezen P, Boudreau C, Santillán EA. Perceived effectiveness of pictorial health warnings among Mexican youth and adults: a population-level intervention with potential to reduce tobacco-related inequities. Cancer Causes & Control. 2012 Mar 1;23(1):57-67.
  6. Azagba S, Sharaf MF. The effect of graphic cigarette warning labels on smoking behavior: evidence from the Canadian experience. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2012 Sep 18;15(3):708-17.
  7. Wu D, Yang T, Cottrell RR, Zhou H, Yang XY, Zhang Y. The effects of tobacco-related health-warning images on intention to quit smoking among urban Chinese smokers. Health Education Journal. 2015 May;74(3):287-98.
  8. Dieterich SE. Graphic cigarette package warning labels: investigating the effectiveness of graphic images among new and occasional smokers (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University).
  9. Kees J, Burton S, Andrews JC, Kozup J. Understanding how graphic pictorial warnings work on cigarette packaging. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing. 2010 Nov 1;29(2):265-76.
  10. Pepper JK, Cameron LD, Reiter PL, McRee AL, Brewer. Non-smoking male adolescents' reactions to cigarette warnings. PloS one. 2013 Aug 7;8(8).
  11. Alexander LA, Crawford T, Mendiondo MS. Occupational status, work‐site cessation programs and policies and menthol smoking on quitting behaviors of US smokers. Addiction. 2010 Dec 1;105(s1):95-104.
  12. Macy JT, Middlestadt SE, Seo DC, Kolbe LJ, Jay SJ. Applying the theory of planned behavior to explore the relation between smoke-free air laws and quitting intentions. Health Education & Behavior. 2012 Feb;39(1):27-34.
  13. Abdullah AS, Ho LM, Kwan YH, Cheung WL, McGhee SM, Chan WH. Promoting smoking cessation among the elderly: what are the predictors of intention to quit and successful quitting?. Journal of Aging and Health. 2006 Aug;18(4):552-64.
  14. Louka P, Maguire M, Evans P, Worrell M. ‘I Think That It’sa Pain in the Ass That I Have to Stand Outside in the Cold and Have a Cigarette’ Representations of Smoking and Experiences of Disapproval in UK and Greek Smokers. Journal of Health Psychology. 2006 May;11(3):441-51.
  15. Dawood OT, Rashan MA, Hassali MA, Saleem F. Knowledge and perception about health risks of cigarette smoking among Iraqi smokers. Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences. 2016 Apr;8(2):146.
  16. Savoy E, Reitzel LR, Scheuermann TS, Agarwal M, Mathur C, Choi WS, Ahluwalia JS. Risk perception and intention to quit among a tri-ethnic sample of nondaily, light daily, and moderate/heavy daily smokers. Addictive behaviors. 2014 Oct 1;39(10):1398-403.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.16999

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 547 | views : 295

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter