Faktor lingkungan fisik rumah panggung khas bima yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian tuberkulosis paru di kabupaten Bima, Nusa Tenggara Barat

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.12812

Elya Antariksana Bachmida(1*), Yusrizal Djam’an Saleh(2), Titik Nuryastuti(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Paru Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Physical environment factors of stilt houses affecting incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the district of Bima, West Nusa Tenggara

Purpose

This research aimed to determine factors in the physical environment of typical houses on stilts affecting the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis acid fast bacilli positive in the district of Bima, West Nusa Tenggara.

Methods

This study used a matched case control design to examine the relationship between specific effects with certain risk factors. There were 76 total respondents, with 38 in the case group and 38 in the control group.

Results

Bivariate analysis showed that residential density (p=0.001; OR= 5.7), lighting in bedroom (p=0.029; OR=32), nutritional status (p=0.029; OR=3.2) were statistically associated with the incidence of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis at typical stilt houses in Bima. The most dominant risk factor in the incidence of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in typical Bima stilts houses was the residential density.

Conclusion

Residential density, natural lighting in bedrooms were not risk factors, while malnutrition status increased the probability for prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis acid fast bacilli positive in houses on stilts typical in the district of Bima.


Keywords


tuberculosis; physical environmental risk factor; stilt house



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.12812

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