Seroprevalensi Toksoplasmosis di Kabupaten Gianyar, Bali

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.11400

Ni Putu Eka Febianingsih(1*), Citra Indriani(2), Wayan Tunas Artama(3)

(1) Akademi Keperawatan KESDAM IX/Udayana
(2) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Seroprevalence of human toxoplasmosis in Gianyar Bali province

Purpose

The present study was designed to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of human toxoplasmosis.

Methods

The research used a cross-sectional design and was conducted in Gianyar District, Bali Province. A total of 240 sera samples were collected and examined by indirect ELISA methods for IgG Anti-T. gondii. Demographic characteristics and risk factors were collected by interviews using a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using the Poisson regression test with robust variance estimators.

Results

Seroprevalence of human toxoplasmosis in Gianyar District were 56.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that there was an association between meal of raw meat/Lawar (aPR: 1.40; 95%CI: 1.05-1.86); Male (aPR1:42; 95%CI: 1.12-1.81); existence of animals/wild cats (aPR: 1.48; 95%CI: 1.04-2.09); often washing their hand (aPR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.01-1.56); elevation (aPR: 0.99; 95%CI: 0.99-0.99); and distance to the river from the house (aPR: 0.99; 95%CI: 0.99 to 0.99).

Conclusion

There was found high seropositive toxoplasmosis in Gianyar District. Patients with seropositive toxoplasmosis  should receive treatment and health information. There should be continued prevention efforts to increase health knowledge about toxoplasmosis and transmission.


Keywords


toxoplasmosis; seroprevalence; risk factor



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.11400

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