Cover Image

Kompleksitas Proses Pembentukan Persepsi Risiko Antroposen

https://doi.org/10.22146/balairung.v1i1.34899

Mahandra Raditya Putra(1*)

(1) Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Bumi sedang memasuki epos Antroposen, suatu perubahan dalam Sistem Bumi yang belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya dan tak terprediksi dengan pasti. Perubahan global yang radikal demikian, selain dapat mengubah persepsi akan alam, juga mempunyai serangkaian risiko. Oleh karena itu, telaah psikologi atas persepsi terhadap Antroposen dan risikonya dibutuhkan. Tulisan ini menggunakan penelitian persepsi risiko atas perubahan iklim sebagai analogi bagi perubahan global. Hal ini dilakukan karena telaah empiris dalam ilmu psikologi atas Antroposen belum pernah dilakukan. Tulisan ini menyimpulkan bahwa aspek kognitif, afektif, nilai-moral, serta sosial-budaya berperan dalam pembentukan persepsi risiko akan Antroposen. Berdasarkan construal level theory, jauhnya Antroposen secara psikologis memiliki pengaruh kompleks terhadap persepsi risiko atasnya. Persepsi risiko Antroposen juga dapat diperkuat atau diperlemah oleh heuristik. Kemunculan Antroposen berpotensi memunculkan reaksi emosi yang kuat karena sifatnya yang antropogenik. Aspek antropogenik tersebut juga dapat menghilangkan nilai kesucian alam yang justru dapat meningkatkan persepsi risiko Antroposen. Sementara itu, dalam konteks sosial-budaya, persepsi risiko Antroposen dapat dibentuk oleh dinamika kompleks antara nilai, norma, perspektif, dan aspek demografis. Namun, teori yang mendasari telaah ini belum dapat digeneralisasikan ke seluruh budaya

Keywords


Antroposen, Perubahan Global, Persepsi, Persepsi Risiko, Persepsi Risiko Lingkungan, Perubahan Iklim

Full Text:

PDF


References

“affect.” The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology. Ed. David Matsumoto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 19-20. Kamus.

Albrecht, Glenn, et al. “Solastalgia: the distress caused by environmental change.” Australasian Psychiatry 15.S1 (2007): S95-S98.

“anxiety.” The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology. Ed. David Matsumoto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 46. Kamus.

Biermann, Frank, et al. “Down to Earth: Contextualizing the Anthropocene.” Global Environmental Change 39.07 (2016): 341-350.

Böhm, Gisela and Carmen Tanner. “Environmental Risk Perception.” Environmental Psychology An Introduction. Ed. Linda Steg, Agnes E. van den Berg and Judith I. M. de Groot. Chichester: British Psychological Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2013. 15-26.

Böhm, Gisela and Hans-Rüdiger Pfister. “Anticipated and experienced emotions in environmental risk perception.” Judgment and Decision Making 3.1 (2008): 73-86.

Brubaker, Michael, et al. “Climate Change and Health Effects in Northwest Alaska.” Global Health Action 4.1 (2011): 8445-5.

Brügger, Adrian, Thomas A. Morton and Suraje Dessai. ““Proximising” climate change reconsidered: A construal level theory perspective.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 46 (2016): 125-142.

Eisenman, David, et al. “An Ecosystems and Vulnerable Populations Perspective on Solastalgia and Psychological Distress After a Wildfire.” EcoHealth 12.4 (2015): 602-610.

Ellis, Albert, Mike Abrams and Lidia D. Abrams. Personality Theories Critical Perspectives. 1st. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2009.

Feist, Jess and Gregory J. Feist. Theories of Personality. 7th. New York: McGraw−Hill Companies, 2008.

Gerten, D. “A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene.” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17.10 (2013): 3841-3852.

Goldstein, E. Bruce. Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. 3rd.

Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2011.

Grafton, R. Quentin, John Williams and Qiang Jiang. “Food and water gaps to 2050: preliminary results from the global food and water system (GFWS) platform.” Food Security 7.2 (2015): 209-220.

Hart, P. Sol, Richard Stedman and Katherine A McComas. “How physical proximity of climate mitigation projects influences the relationship between affect and public support.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 43 (2015): 196-202.

Henderson, Marlone D. and Yaacov Trope. “construal level theory.” The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology. Ed. David Matsumoto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 129-130. Kamus.

“heuristic, cognitive.” The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology. Ed. David Matsumoto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 234. Kamus.

Joireman, Jeff, Heather Barnes Truelove and Blythe Duell. “Effect of outdoor temperature, heat primes and anchoring on belief in global warming.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 30 (2010): 358-367.

Kahan, Dan M. “Cultural Cognition as a Conception of the Cultural Theory of Risk.” Handbook of Risk Theory: Epistemology, Decision Theory, Ethics, and Social Implications of Risk. Ed. Sabine Roeser, et al. Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2012. 726-759.

Klöckner, Christian A. The Psychology of Pro- Environmental Communication. 1st. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Koger, Susan M. and Deborah Du Nann Winter. The Psychology of Environmental Problems. 3rd. New York, London: Taylor and Francis Group, 2010.

Liberman, Nira and Yaacov Trope. “The Psychology of Transcending the Here and Now.” Science 322.5905 (2008): 1201-1205.

Liberman, Nira, Yaacov Trope and Elena Stephan. “Psychological Distance.” Social Psychology; Handbook of Basic Principles. Ed. Arie W. Kruglanski and E. Tory Higgins. New York: The Guilford Press, 2007. 353-381.

Mase, Amber S., Hyunyi Cho and Linda S. Prokopy. “Enhancing the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF) by exploring trust, the availability heuristic, and agricultural advisors’ belief in climate change.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 41 (2015): 166-176.

McDonald, Rachel I, Hui Yi Chai and Ben R Newell. “Personal experience and the ‘psychological distance’ of climate change: An integrative review.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 44 (2015): 109-118.

Nemeth, Darlyne G. and Traci W. Olivier. “Perceptions of the Environment.” Ecopsychology; Advances from the Intersection of Psychology and Environmental Protection. Ed. Darlyne G. Nemeth, Robert B. Hamilton and Judy Kuriansky. Vol. i. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2015. 193-218.

Price, Jennifer C, Iain A Walker and Fabio Boschetti. “Measuring cultural values and beliefs about environment to identify their role in climate change responses.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 37 (2014): 8-20.

Quinlan, Philip and Ben Dyson. Cognitive Psychology. 1st. Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2008.

Sacchi, Simona, et al. “Moral reasoning and climate change mitigation: The deontological reaction toward the market-based approach.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 38 (2014): 252-261.

Sachdeva, Sonya. “The Influence of Sacred Beliefs in Environmental Risk Perception and Attitudes.” Environment and Behavior 49.5 (2017): 583-600.

Schoenefeld, Jonas J and Michelle R McCauley. “Local is not always better: the impact of climate information on values, behavior and policy support.” Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 6.4 (2015): 724-732.

Sjöberg, Lennart. “Emotions and Risk Perception.” Risk Management 9.4 (2007): 223-237.

Spence, Alexa and Nick Pidgeon. “Framing and communicating climate change: The effects of distance and outcome frame manipulations.” Global Environmental Change 20.4 (2010): 656-667.

Steffen, W., et al. Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet Under Pressure. Berlin: Springer, 2004.

Steffen, Will, et al. “The Anthropocene; From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship.” AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 40.7 (2011): 739-761.

Trope, Yaacov and Nira Liberman. “Construal- Level Theory of Psychological Distance.” NIH Public Access (2010). Author Manuscript.

van der Linden, Sander. “A Conceptual Critique of the Cultural Cognition Thesis.” Science Communication 38.1 (2016): 128-138.

—. “The social-psychological determinants of climate change risk perceptions: Towards a comprehensive model.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 41 (2014): 112-124.

Warsini, Sri, Jane Mills and Kim Usher. “Solastalgia: Living with the Environmental Damage Caused By Natural Disasters.” Prehospital and disaster medicine 29.1 (2013): 87-90.

Whitmee, Sarah, et al. “Safeguarding human health in the Anthropocene epoch: report of The Rockefeller Foundation- Lancet Commission on planetary health.” The Lancet 386.10007 (2015): 1973-2028.

Xie, Xiao-Fei, et al. “The Role of Emotions in Risk Communication.” Risk Analysis 30.3 (2011): 450-465.

Xue, Wen, et al. “Cultural worldviews and climate change: A view from China.” Asian Journal of Social Psychology 19.2 (2016): 134-144.

—. “Cultural worldviews and environmental risk perceptions: A meta-analysis.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 40 (2014): 249-258.

Daftar Gambar

Gambar 1, 2, 3

Kahan, Dan M. “Cultural Cognition as a Conception of the Cultural Theory of Risk.” Handbook of Risk Theory: Epistemology, Decision Theory, Ethics, and Social Implications of Risk. Ed. Sabine Roeser, et al. Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2012. 726-759.

Gambar 4.

van der Linden, Sander. “A Conceptual Critique of the Cultural Cognition Thesis.” Science Communication 38.1 (2016): 128-138.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/balairung.v1i1.34899

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1346 | views : 1310

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Diterbitkan oleh BPPM Balairung, Universitas Gadjah Mada
Kompleks Perumahan Dosen UGM, Bulaksumur B-21, Caturtunggal, Kecamatan Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281.
email: balairungpress@gmail.com | LINE: @GSJ9240C | http://balairungpress.com
    
2018 BPPM BALAIRUNG UGM