PEMODELAN SEBARAN BOD DI SUNGAI KAPUAS KECIL BAGIAN HILIR MENGGUNAKAN WASP

https://doi.org/10.22146/teknosains.34921

Rizki Purnaini(1*), Sudarmadji Sudarmadji(2), Suryo Purwono(3)

(1) universitas Tanjungpura
(2) Departemen Geografi Lingkungan, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The Kapuas Kecil River must be maintained for its water quality so that it can still be utilized in accordance with its designation. The purpose of this study is to predict water quality changes due to incoming waste from various sources of pollutants to the concentration of BOD in Kapuas Kecil River using WASP model as an effort to water quality monitoring and water pollution control.The study area to be simulated is Kapuas Kecil River passing through Pontianak City over ± 22 km from upstream to downstream (estuary) that divided into 42 segments. Water quality data were collected from several monitoring station locations in Kapuas Kecil River downstream, Landak River, effluent trenches located within the administrative area of Pontianak City, as well as secondary data on industrial effluents located along the study area. Water sampling method refers to the SNI 03-7026-2004, sampling was done once at each sample point with variations of the rainy and dry season, and at high and low tide conditions. Hydrometry data and river discharge can be obtained from primary and secondary data.The results showed that domestic and non-domestic of urban discharges that entering the river is very dominant influence on the water quality of the river. BOD concentration in rivers during the dry season is higher than rainy season both in high and low tide conditions. The simulation results of spatial distribution with all scenarios show that the accumulation of BOD pollution load begins after a distance of 5 km from the upstream boundary and then a significant increase in concentration occur at  segment 27 with loads originating from the Landak River and Pekong Trench. The BOD concentration then tends to fluctuate to a distance of 5 km before heading downstream, and after that it continues to decline towards the downstream.

Keywords


BOD; Kapuas Kecil River; Water Quality; WASP Model

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ambrose, R.B. dan Wool, T.A. 2009. WASP7 Stream Transport-Model Theory and User’s: Supplement to Water Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) User Documentation, Environmental Research Laboratory. Washington. DC. U.S. EPA.

Dishiros Angkatan Laut Indonesia. 2014. Daftar Pasang Surut Indonesia. Ancol. Jakarta.

Dirjen Pengendalian Pencemaran dan Kerusakan Lingkungan KLHK. 2016. Laporan Inventarisasi dan Identifikasi Sumber Pencemar Berbasis Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS), Kajian Penetapan Kelas Air dan Kajian Penetapan Alokasi Beban Pencemaran Sungai Kapuas. Jakarta.

Hindriani, H., Sapei, A., Suprihatin dan Machfud. 2013. Identifikasi Daya Tampung Beban Pencemaran Sungai Ciujung dengan Model WASP dan Strategi Pengendaliannya, J. Bumi Lestari. 13(2): 275-287.

Ji, Z. G. 2012. River Fate and Transport, chapter  in  J.S. Gulliver (ed.), Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment. New York. Springer Science Business Media.

Kuo, J. T., Huang, C. H., Lung, W. S. 2000, Water Quality Modeling and Risk Analysis of the Chi-Shui River, Jurnal Water Resources. copyright ASCE 2004.

Lai, Y.C., Tu, Y.T., Yang, C.P. Surampalli, R.Y. dan Kao, C.M.. 2013. Development of a Water Quality Modeling System for River Pollution Index and Suspended Solid Loading Evaluation. J. Hydrol. 478: 89-101.

Liang, D., Wang, X., Evans, B., Falconer,R.A.. 2013. Study on Nutrient Distribution and Interaction with Sediment in a Macro-Tidal Estuary. Advances in Water Resources 52: 207–220.

Peraturan Pemerintah No. 82 Tahun 2001 Pengelolaan Kualitas Air dan Pengendalian Pencemaran Air. Jakarta.

Pin Shu, W. 2004. The Use Of A Water Quality Model To Evaluate The Impacts Of Combined Sewer Overflows On The Lower Hudson River. Dissertation. New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Pusat Pengelolaan Ekoregion Kalimantan Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. 2011. Laporan Status Lingkungan Hidup Ekoregion Kalimantan. Jakarta.

Sukarno, M. dan Yusuf, M., 2013, Kondisi Hidrodinamika dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Sebaran Parameter Fisika-Kimia Perairan Laut dari Muara Sungai Porong, Sidoarjo. Buletin Oseanografi Marina. 4(2): 1-6.

Triatmodjo, B. 1999. Teknik Pantai. Beta Offset. Yogyakarta.

U.S. EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency).2009. Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) Version 7.4. Development National Exposure Research Laboratory Ecosystem Research Division. Athens. GA.

Wool, T.A., Ambrose, R.B., Martin J.L. dan Corner. E.A.. 2001. Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP)  version 6.0 User’s Manual. Athens. GA. U.S. EPA.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/teknosains.34921

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 315 | views : 282

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Rizki Purnaini, dkk.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.




Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Teknosains     Submit an Article        Tracking Your Submission


Editorial Policies       Publishing System       Copyright Notice       Site Map       Journal History      Visitor Statistics     Abstracting & Indexing