Traumatic Experiences in Eka Kurniawan's Novel Seperti Dendam, Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas

https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v8i2.55895

Endang Sartika(1*)

(1) State Islamic Institute of Purwokerto
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The emergence of trauma study with the publication of Cathy Caruth's Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History have gained significant interest in analyzing traumatic experiences in literary works. Literary trauma is seen as the media and alternative to read the wound and trauma through narration and fiction in the form of an anxiety plot. This study aims to analyze the traumatic experiences in Eka Kurniawan's novel entitled Seperti Dendam, Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas. This research is descriptive qualitative in nature. The objects of this research are the traumatic events and experiences in Kurniawan's novel. The data were collected by note taking and highlighting the relevant traumatic event and analyzed using the concept of trauma and memory of Cathy Caruth. The result shows that the characters in this novel respond to trauma differently such as having intrusive thoughts, re-experiencing the trauma through flashbacks and dreams, avoidance, and having negative feelings and moods. The novel shows that the socio-cultural environment can become the greatest source of trauma as well as offer the healing process for the traumatized through compassion and understanding. The characters' traumatic experience is narrated by the unknown godlike narrator. Through the portrayal of the characters, Kurniawan reveals how pain, suffering, and traumatic experiences lead the characters to gain high self-esteem, self-knowledge, and philosophical understanding of social reality.


Keywords


Traumatic experiences; Literary Trauma; Eka Kurniawan's novel

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abubakar, S. (2017). Art as Narrative: Recounting Trauma through Literature. IRA-International Journal of Management & Social Sciences (ISSN 2455-2267), 8(1), 118-123. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21013/jmss.v8.n1.p13.

Arifin, Moch. Zaenul. (2019). Lelaki Harimau: Wabah Eksistensial Sebagai Strategi simbolis Eka Kurniawan. Aksara, 31(2), DOI:10.29255/aksara.v3li2.372.177-178 Accessed 21/4/ 2020.

Ayu, Panglipuring Tyas. (2019). An Analysis of Cultural Terms in Eka Kurniawan's English Traslation of Cantik Itu Luka. BA Project. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University.

Balaev, Michele. (2014). Literary Trauma Theory Reconsidered. In Michele Balaev (ed), Contemporary Approaches in Trauma Literary Theory, (pp.1-12). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bušková, Kristýna. (2013). The Role of Literature in Reconciling Trauma on Personal and Social Level. Bohemia Literaria, 2, 83-91.

Caruth, Cathy. (1995). Introduction. In Cathy Caruth (Ed), Trauma: Explorations in Memory, (pp. 3-11). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hartman, Geofrey H. (1995). On Traumatic Knowledge and Literary Studies. New Literary History, 26(3), 537-563. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/new_literary_history/v026/26.3hratman.html Accessed 17 August 2019.

Heidarizadeh, Negin. (2015). The Significant Role of Trauma in Literature and Psychoanalysis. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 192, 788-795 available online at www.sciencedirect.com Accessed 24 January 2019.

Kurniawan, Eka. (2014). Seperti Dendam, Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kurniawan, Eka. (2017). Vengeance is Mine, All Others Pay Cash. Translated by Annie Tucker. New Delhi: Speaking Tiger Publishing Pvt. Ltd.

Lifton, R. J. (1995). An Interview with Robert Jay Lifton. In Trauma: Explorations in Memory, (pp.128-147). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

McGregor, Katherine E. (2013). Memory Studies and Human Rights in Indonesia. Asian Studies Review, 37(3), 350–361, DOI: 10. 1080/10357823.2013.792782.

Merriam, Sharan B., & Grenier, R. S. (2002).  Qualitative Research in Practice. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (2020). Trauma | Definition of Trauma, Retrieved 17 November 2020, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/trauma

Salam, Aprinus. (2020). Novel Indonesia Setelah 1998: Dari Sastra Traumatik Ke Sastra Heroik. SINTESIS. 6(1), https://e-journal.usd.ac.id/index.php/sintesis/article/view/2708 Accessed 11Agustus 2020.

Vickroy, Laurie. (2014). Voices of Survivors in Contemporary Fiction.In Michele Balaev (Ed). Contemporary Approaches in Trauma Literary Theory, (pp. 130-151). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wahyuningsyih, Sri Et.al. (2018). Gambaran Kebutuhan Dalam Lelali Harimau Karya Eka Kurniawan (Kajian Psikologi Humanistik Abraham Maslow). [BA Thesis]. Available online at http://eprints.unm.ac.id Accessed on 21 April 2020.

Yulianti, Yeni. (2007). Psikoanalisi dalam Cantik Itu Luka Karya Eka Kurniawan. SINTESIS, 5 (2), Oktober 2007 https://www.usd.ac.id Accessed 21 April 2020.

www.psychyatry.org on PTSD



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.v8i2.55895

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1736 | views : 1305

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal POETIKA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra Indexed by:

Indonesia One SearchGoogle ScholarIndonesian Publication Index (IPI)Crossref 

Registered number ISSN 2338-5383 (print) ; 2503-4642 (online)


supervised by 

 

free
web stats View My Stats