PENALARAN MORAL ANAK DALAM CERITA PADA MAJALAH BOBO DAN HARIAN KOMPAS

https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.39017

Heru Kurniawan(1*)

(1) State Islamic Institute Of Purwokerto
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Children's stories in Bobo Magazine and Kompas Daily represent both levels of praconventional and conventional moral reasoning. From these two levels of moral reasoning, there are three stages of a child's moral reasoning, namely moral reasoning for obedience of punishment, relativist-instrument moral reasoning, and moral reasoning of a good child. Of these three moral reasoning, the dominant moral reasoning of children is the relativist-instrument and the orientation of a good child, while obedience reasoning does not dominate. This shows that mutual moral awareness of children is transactional and existential, namely children are conditioned to do good because they want to get a prize, and awareness of their desire to be good children. With the reality of such children's stories, our children who read children's stories wake up to the realization that I am doing good because of the gifts and awareness to be a good child.


Keywords


Moral Reasoning, Children's Stories, Obedience of Punishment, Instrument Relativism, and I'm a Good Child.

Full Text:

PDF


References

Bertens, K. 2007. Etika. Jakarta: Penerbit Gramedia.

Bunanta, Murti. 1997. “Problematika Penulisan Cerita Rakyat untuk Anak di Indonesia: Telaah Penyajian dengan Contoh Dongeng Bertipe Cinderella” dan The Kind and The Unkind Girls Bawang Merah Bawang Putih” dalam DISERTASI. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Cullinan, Bernice E. 1989. Literature and The Child. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Companies.

Damono, Sapardi Djoko. 1979. Sosiologi Sastra Sebuah Pengantar Ringkas. Jakarta: Pusah Bahasa Dediknas.

Duska, Ronald & Mariellen Whelan. 1982. Moral Development: A Guide ti Piaget and Kohlberg. New York: Paulist Press.

Hazlitt, Henry. 2003. Dasar-dasar Moralitas. Terj. Cuk Ananta Wijaya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Huck, Charlotte S, dkk. 1987. Children’s Literature in The Elementary School. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston.

Hunt, Peter. 1995. Criticism, Theory, and Children’s Literature. Cambridge: Blackwell Press.

-------------------- (Ed.). 2004. Internasional Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature. London and new York: Routledge.

Hurlock, Elizabeth B. 1990. Perkembangan Anak 1. Terj. Meitasari Tjandrasa. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

--------------------. 1991. Perkembangan Anak 2. Terj. Meitasari Tjandrasa. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Kohlberg, Lawrance. 1980. “Stages of Moral Development as a Basis for Moral Education” dalam Brenda Munsey (Ed.). Moral Development, Moral Education, and Kohlberg: Basic Issues in Philosophy, Psychology, Religion, and Education. Birmingham Albama: Scott Religion Education Press.

--------------------. 1981. The Philosophy of Moral Development Stages and Idea. San Fransisco: Harper and Row.

--------------------. 1995. Tahap-tahap Perkembangan Moral. Terj. John de Santo dan Agus Cremers. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Lukens, Rebecca J. 2005. A Critival handbooks of Children’s Literature. New York: Longman.

Magnis-Suseno, Frans. 1991. Etika: Sebuah Analisis Falsafi. Jakarta: Penerbit Gramedia.

Miles, Matthew B. dan A. Michael Huberman. 2009. Analisis Data Kualitatif. Terj. Tjetep rohendi Rohidi. Jakarta: UI Press.

Muhadjir, Noeng. 2011. Metodologi Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Rake Sarasin.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. 2004. “Sastra Anak: Persoalan Genre” dalam Jurnal Humaniora Volume 16, No. 2, Juni 2004. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Purbani, Widyastuti. 2000. “Ideologi Anak Ideal dalam Lima Fiksi Anak Unggulan Indonesia Akhir Masa Orde Baru (Studi Kasus Tentang Fiksi-fiksi Pemenang Sayembara Penulisan Naskah Fiksi Anak Depdiknas dan Penerima Penghargaan Buku Bacaan Anak Nasional Tahun 1996-2001)” dalam DISERTASI. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Rachels, James. 2003. The Elements of Moral Phlosophy. New York: McGrw-Hill Companies.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2004. Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra: dari Strukturalisme hingga Poststrukturalisme Perspektif Wacana Naratif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Santrock, John W. 2011. Perkembangan Anak 1. Terj. Mila Rachmawati dan Anna Kuswanti. Jakarta: Erlangga.

---------------------. 2012. Perkembangan Anak 2. Terj. Mila Rachmawati dan Anna Kuswanti. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sarumpaet, Riris K. Toha. 2002. Bacaan Anak-anak: Suatu Penyelidikan Pendahuluan ke dalam Hakikat, Sifat, dan Corak Bacaan Anak-anak serta Minat Anak pada Bacaannya. Jakarta: UI Press.

--------------------. Riris K. Toha. 2009. Metode Penelitian Sastra Anak. Jakarta: Penerbit Gramedia Utama.

Saxby, Maurice & Gordon (Ed). 1991. Give Them Wings: The Experience of Children’s Literature. Melbourne: The Macmillian Company.

--------------------. 2007. Book in the Life a Child. South Yarra: Macmillan Publisher Asutralia Pty. Ltd.

Stewig, John Warren. 1980. Children and Literature. Chicago: Rand McNally College Publishing Conpany.

Wellek, Rene and Austin Warren. 1995. Theory of Literature. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World Inc.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.39017

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 255 | views : 153

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal POETIKA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra Indexed by:

Indonesia One SearchGoogle ScholarIndonesian Publication Index (IPI)Crossref 

Registered number ISSN 2338-5383 (print) ; 2503-4642 (online)


supervised by 

 

free
web stats View My Stats