PERFORMATIVITAS DALAM MANGA SHONEN-AI: SEKAIICHI HATSUKOI, HENSHIN DEKINAI DAN HIMANANODE HAJIMETE MIMASHITA

https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.10443

Ni Made Savitri Paramita(1*)

(1) Sastra Jepang Universitas Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research underlies the analysis on the performance and performativity of characters in shonen-ai: Sekaiichi Hatsukoi, Henshin Dekinai, and Himananode Hajimete Mimashita manga. Characterization in shonen-ai manga is based on the characters’ role within the same-sex relationship, which are the male role (seme) and the female role (uke). The character of Seme tends to be aggressive, protective, smart, good looking, and unemotional. On the other hand, Uke is feminine, smaller, physically weak, insecure, and emotional. The writer would like to analyze whether performance align with performativity based on the characterization of seme and uke. Judith Butler’s Performativity is used as theoretical framework within the research. The theory covers gender, performance, and performativity. Gender as social construction is fluid and unbound to the body. This phenomenon is seen in these three shonen-ai manga. Character that looks masculine does not always have the male role (seme) and the feminine one does not always have the female role (uke). Physical performance is not merely associated with gender (performativity).

Keywords: shonen-ai manga, same-sex relationship, performativity, gender.




References

Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble. London: Routledge.

Jagose, Annamarie Rustom. 1996. Queer Theory, An Introduction, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Leupp, Gary P. 1995. Male Colors: The Construction of Homosexuality in

Tokugawa Japan. University of California Press.

Levi, Antonia, Mark McHarry, Dru Pagliassotti ed. 2008. Boys’ Love Manga: Essay On the Sexual Ambiguity and Cross-Cultural Fandom of the Genre. McFarland & Company. Inc. e-book

McLelland, Mark. J. 2000. Male Homosexuality in Modern Japan, Cultural Myths and Social Realities. Curzon Press.

Pustaka online

Aya, Sakyo. Himananode Hajimete Mimashita (diterjemahkan oleh Paradise Love Scanlations). www.mangatraders.com.

_____. Manga Himananode Hajimete Mimashita. http://www.mangaupdates.com/series. html?id=81986 (diakses pada 23 Juni 2014).

Henshin Dekinai. www.mangaupdates.com/series. html?id=64529 (diakses pada 23 Juni 2014).

Himananode Hajimete Mimashita. www. mangaupdates.com/series.html?id=81986 (diakses pada 23 Juni 2014).

Sekaiichi Hatsukoi. www.mangaupdates.com/series. html?id=8545 (diakses pada 23 Juni 2014).

Shungiku, Nakamura. Manga Sekaiichi Hatsukoi http://www.mangaupdates.com/series. html?id=8545 (diakses pada 23 Juni 2014).

Sungiku, Nakamura. Sekaiichi Hatsukoi (diterjemahkan oleh Dangerous Pleasure Scanlations). www.mangatraders.com

Tohru, Kousaka dan Shinozaki Hitoyo. Henshin Dekinai (diterjemahkan oleh Dangerous Pleasure Scanlations). www. mangatraders.com.

Tohru, Kousaka dan Shinozaki Hitoyo. Manga Henshin Dekinai. http:// www.mangaupdates.com/series. html?id=64529 (diakses pada 23 Juni 2014).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/poetika.10443

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