Association between childhood obesity, oral health behavior, and dental caries in Jetis, Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.79240

Nikita Narta Sari(1*), Lisdrianto Hanindriyo(2), Bambang Priyono(3)

(1) Master of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Dental Health Community and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Dental Health Community and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The number of school-age children with overweight and obesity is increasing in developing countries. This is a risk factor for prosperity improvement followed by lifestyle changes. People with obesity are reported to be more susceptible to caries than people who are not, and the average numbers of caries in permanent molars increase on higher BMI. Dental caries is an infectious disease as a result of demineralization in enamel and dentine which has a relationship with behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between oral health behavior and dental caries among overweight and obese children in Jetis District, Yogyakarta. This research was an analytical observational study with a cross sectional design. One hundred and ninety-six overweight and obese elementary school children in Jetis District were chosen using multistage cluster random sampling. The independent variable was behavior and the dependent variable was dental caries. Behavior variables were measured using questionnaire based on a Likert scale with validity testing (correlation coefficient > 0.30) and reliability testing (Cronbach alpha = 0.819). The caries was measured using teledentisry during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data analysis used Spearman’s correlation analysis. Behavior of maintaining oral and dental health in overweight and obese children had a relationship with caries (p < 0.001 and r = -0.410). There is no difference between overweight and obese children in maintaining their oral health behavior. The better the oral health behavior of the overweight and obese children, the lower the incidence of caries.

Keywords


behavior; caries; obesity; overweight

Full Text:

PDF


References

1. Bhurosy T, Jeewon R. Overweight and obesity epidemic in developing countries: a problem
with diet, physical activity, or socioeconomic status. Scientific World Journal. 2014; 964236.
doi: 10.1155/2014/964236

2. Ratu S. Risk factors of obesity in children 5-15 years old. Makara Journal of Health Research.
2011; 15(1): 37-43. doi: 10.7454/msk.v15i1.796

3. Chen D, Zhi Q, Zhou Y, Tao Y, Wu L, Lin H. Association between dental caries and BMI
in children: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Caries Res. 2018; 52(3): 230-245.
doi: 10.1159/000484988.

4. Alshihri AA, Rogers HJ, Alqahtani MA, Aldossary MS. Association between dental
caries and obesity in children and young people: a narrative review. Int J Dent. 2019; 5(2): 9105759. doi: 10.1155/2019/9105759

5. Chen X, Daliri EB, Kim N, Kim JR, Yoo D, Oh DH. Microbial etiology and prevention of dental caries: exploiting natural products to inhibit cariogenic biofilms. Pathogens. 2020;
9(7): 569. doi: 10.3390/pathogens9070569

6. Chu J, Zhang T, He K. Cariogenicity features of Streptococcus mutans in presence of
rubusoside. BMC Oral Health. 2016; 16(54): 1-6. doi: 10.1186/s12903-016-0212-1

7. Clark M and Kumar P. Clinical Medicine. 6th ed. London, UK: Elseveir Saunders; 2005.
126-139.

8. Schlinger HD. The impact of B. F. Skinner’s science of operant learning on early childhood
research, theory, treatment, and care. 2021. 1089 – 1106. doi: 10.1080/03004430.2020.1855155

9. Francisco V, Pino J, Campos-Cabaleiro V, Ruiz-Fernández C, Mera A, Gonzalez-Gay
MA, Gómez R, Gualillo O. Obesity, fat mass and immune system: role for leptin. Front
Physiol. 2018; 9: 640. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00640

10. Atzmaryanni E, Rizal MF. Kadar leptin saliva dan kejadian karies gigi anak obesitas
(Salivary leptin levels and caries incidence in obese children). Dental Journal. 2013; 46(3):
158-161. doi: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v46.i3.p158-161.

11. Manjarres-Posada NI, Onofre-Rodríguez DJ, Benavides-Torres RA. Social cognitive theory
and health care: analysis and evaluation. International Journal of Social Science
Studies. 2020; 8(4): 132. doi: 10.11114/ijsss.v8i4.4870.

12. Teixeira JA, Silva AVCE, Dos Santos Júnior VE, de Melo Júnior PC, Arnaud M, Lima MG,
Flores MAP, Stamford TCM, Dias Pereira JR, Ribeiro Targino AG, Galembeck A, Rosenblatt
A. Effects of a new nano-silver fluoridecontaining dentifrice on demineralization of enamel and streptococcus mutans adhesion and acidogenicity. Int J Dent. 2018; 5(8): 1351925. doi: 10.1155/2018/1351925

13. Andayasari L, Wibowo W. Status kesehatan gigi dan tindakan menyikat gigi pada murid
taman kanak-kanak. Padjajaran Journal of Dental Researcher and Students. 2020; 4(1):
1: 62-67. doi: 10.24198/pjdrs.v4i1.25720

14. Mukhbitin F. Hubungan jenis kelamin, gosok gigi malam sebelum tidur dengan kejadian
karies Mi-Al-Mutmainnah. Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion
and Health Education. 2018; 6(2): 155–166. doi: 10.20473/jpk.V6.I2.2018.155-166

15. Siti S, Irdayanti S, Christa P. Differences in the salivary parameters and caries status
between the underweight, normal, and obese children in Medan Primary Schools. Proceedings of the 1st Aceh International Dental Meeting (AIDEM 2019), Oral Health International Conference on Art, Nature and Material Science Development 2019. 2021; 97-100. doi: 10.2991/ahsr.k.210201.022

16. Shetty CM, Hegde MN, Darshana D. Correlation between dental caries with salivary flow, pH, and buffering capacity in Adult South Indian Population: An In-Vivo Study. Int. J. Res. Ayurveda Pharm. 2013; 4(2): 17. doi: 10.7897/2277-4343.04226

17. Park JB, Nam GE, Han K, Ko Y, Park YG. Obesity in relation to oral health behaviors: an analysis of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2010. Exp
Ther Med. 2016; 12(5): 3093-3100. doi: 10.3892/etm.2016.3697

18. Hussien J, Brunet J, Romain AJ, Lemelin L, Baillot A. Living with severe obesity: adults'
physical activity preferences, self-efficacy to overcome barriers and motives. Disabil
Rehabil. 2022; 44(4): 590-599. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2020.1773944



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.79240

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 476 | views : 261

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Currently, Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia indexed by:

        

 

 

 

 

 

 View My Stats


real
time web analytics