Pemetaan kondisi hutan mangrove di kawasan pesisir Selat Madura dengan pendekatan Mangrove Health Index memanfaatkan citra satelit Sentinel-2

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.78136

Zainul Hidayah(1*), Herlambang Aulia Rachman(2), Abd Rahman As-Syakur(3)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Udayana, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak. Pemetaan dan pemantauan kondisi hutan mangrove diperlukan untuk rehabilitasi dan konservasi lingkungan. Mangrove Health Index (MHI) menggunakan analisis citra satelit merupakan pendekatan baru yang bisa digunakan untuk mengetahui kualitas lingkungan ekosistem hutan mangrove. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk untuk mengetahui struktur komunitas hutan mangrove dan melakukan analisis spasial-temporal MHI di kawasan pesisir Surabaya dan Sidoarjo menggunakan citra satelit. Data yang digunakan untuk analisis struktur komunitas mangrove pada penelitian ini adalah hasil pengamatan lapang di 10 transek. Untuk analisis MHI menggunakan citra Sentinel 2 perekaman tahun 2015, 2018, 2021. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa spesies mangrove yang paling dominan di lokasi penelitian adalah Avicennia marina. Analisis citra satelit mendeteksi pertambahan luas mangrove yang signifikan dari tahun 2015 hingga 2021 yaitu lebih dari 500 Ha. Berdasarkan analisis MHI, terjadi perubahan positif dari kondisi hutan mangrove dominansi buruk (MHI<33%) pada tahun 2015 menjadi sedang (33,4%<MHI< 66,67%) hingga baik (MHI > 66,68%). Pertambahan luas hutan mangrove diiringi dengan perbaikan kondisi ekosistem dengan indikator meningkatnya MHI.

Abstract. Mapping and monitoring the condition of mangrove forests is needed for environmental rehabilitation and conservation. Mangrove Health Index (MHI) using satellite image analysis is a new approach that can be used to determine the environmental quality of mangrove forest ecosystems. This study aims to determine the structure of the mangrove forest community and conduct a spatial and temporal MHI analysis in the coastal areas of Surabaya and Sidoarjo. The data used in this study were the results of field observations on 10 transects. MHI analysis using Sentinel 2 imagery recorded in 2015, 2018, 2021. The results of the analysis show that the most dominant mangrove species in the research location is Avicennia marina. Analysis of satellite imagery detects a significant increase in mangrove area from 2015 to 2021, which is more than 500 Ha. Based on the MHI analysis, there was a positive change from poor dominant mangrove forest conditions (MHI <33%) in 2015 to moderate (33.4% < MHI < 66.67%) to good (MHI > 66.68%). The increase in the area of mangrove forests is accompanied by improvements in ecosystem conditions with indicators of increasing MHI.

 


Keywords


citra satelit; komunitas; mangrove; pemetaan; Sentinel

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.78136

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