Tantangan filsafat geografi dalam perkembangan geografi terkini: Kajian ontologi, epistemologi, aksiologi, dan etika

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.74942

Andri Estining Sejati(1*), Agus Sugiarto(2), Putri Tipa Anasi(3), Sugeng Utaya(4), Syamsul Bachri(5)

(1) Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka
(2) Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Tanjungpura
(3) Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Tanjungpura
(4) Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Negeri Malang
(5) Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Negeri Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak Perkembangan geografi terkini tidak lepas dari keilmuan lainnya seperti statistik, metode kuantitatif, komputer, dan perkembangan teknologi berbasis online. Konsep geografi terpadu menjadi landasan yang harus fleksibel dalam menghadapi perkembangan teknologi terkini. Tantangan zaman perlu direspon dalam kajian filsafat geografi terkini supaya muncul pembeda ilmu geografi dibandingkan ilmu lainnya yang sesuai dengan perkembangan era digital, sehingga ilmu geografi tetap dibutuhkan dalam segala hal termasuk pembelajaran. Artikel ini bertujuan memberikan gambaran ilmu geografi dalam merespon perkembangan teknologi melalui kajian ontologi, epistemologi, aksiologi, dan etika. Cara mengkaji dengan berbagai literatur. Aspek ontologi geografi perlu mendefinisikan keruangan dalam aspek ruang maya. Aspek epistemologi, riset berbasis online dan menggunakan peralatan teknologi terkini perlu dikembangkan. Aspek aksiologi, kemanfaatan kajian pendekatan geografi bernuansa online perlu ditingkatkan. Aspek etika, penting mempertimbangkan moral dalam pengambilan keputusan dan menghindari pelanggaran dalam mengkaji geografi.

 

Abstract The recent geography cannot be separated from other sciences such as statistics, quantitative methods, computers, and the development of online-based technologies. The integrated geography concept became the basis for flexibility in dealing with the latest technological developments. The time challenges need to be responded to in the current study of the philosophy of geography so that geography differences will emerge compared to other sciences following the digital era's development, so that geography is still needed in all things, including learning. The article aimed to provide an overview of geography in responding to technological developments throughout the study of ontology, epistemology, axiology, and ethics. The study analyzed with literature. Ontology aspect, geography needs to define space in terms of cyberspace. Epistemological aspects, online-based research, and using the latest technological equipment need to be developed. Aspects of axiology, the usefulness of the study of the online nuanced geographical approach needs to be improved. Ethical aspects, it is essential to consider morals in decision making and avoid violations in studying geography

Keywords


Filsafat; Geografi Terkini; tantangan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.74942

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