Distribusi dan Karakteristik Pemuda NEET di Indonesia (Analisis Data Sakernas 2018)

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.59391

Nindya Riana Sari(1*), Sukamdi Sukamdi(2), Abdur Rofi(3)

(1) Badan Pusat Statistik
(2) Departemen Geografi Lingkungan, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Departemen Geografi Lingkungan, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak Dalam tujuan kedelapan SDGs tertuang indikator dengan target pemuda, salah satunya mengurangi proporsi pemuda yang Not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET). Indikator NEET menjadi salah satu ukuran untuk mengukur tenaga kerja yang tidak produktif di kalangan pemuda. Diantara negara-negara ASEAN lainnya, Indonesia menempati posisi pertama negara dengan persentase NEET-nya tertinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik pemuda yang berstatus NEET dan sebarannya menurut provinsi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode deskriptif menggunakan data sekunder. Lebih jauh, data yang digunakan adalah Sakernas 2018. Hasil pengolahan data menunjukkan bahwa 24,07 persen pemuda berstatus NEET. Pemuda yang termasuk dalam NEET didominasi oleh pemuda perempuan, berpendidikan SMA/sederajat, bukan penyandang disabilitas, serta tinggal pada rumah tangga dengan kondisi sosial ekonomi yang cenderung rendah. Oleh karena itu, sebagai upaya mewujudkan target SDGs, berbagai program yang dibuat hendaknya harus didasarkan pada karakteristik pemuda di setiap wilayah Indonesia.

 

Abstract In the SDGs' eighth goal, there are indicators targeting youth, one of which is to reduce the proportion of youth who are not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET). NEET indicator is one measure to measure unproductive workforce among youth. Among other ASEAN countries, Indonesia ranks first with the highest NEET percentage. This study aims to determine the characteristics of young people with NEET status and distribution by province. This study uses a quantitative approach with descriptive methods using secondary data. The data used is Sakernas 2018. Based on data processing, it shows that 24.07 percent of youth are NEET. Youth who are included in NEET are dominated by the youth who are on average 23 years old, female, high school educated, are not disabled, living in households with socioeconomic conditions that tend to below. Therefore, to realize the SDGs target, various programs made should be based on the characteristics of youth in each region of Indonesia.


Keywords


pemuda; NEET; karakteristik

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.59391

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 164/E/KPT/2021

Volume 35 No 2 the Year 2021 for Volume 40 No 1 the Year 2025

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