Dampak Gempa Lombok dan Sumbawa 2018 Terhadap Sumber Penghidupan dan Strategi Kelangsungan Hidup Keluarga Korban

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.49132

Abdur Rofi(1*), Humam Zarodi(2)

(1) Departemen Geografi Lingkungan, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta Indonesia
(2) Magister Manajemen Bencana Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak. Gempa Lombok dan Sumbawa 2018 mengakibatkan 564 kematian, 1.584 luka-luka, dan 396.032 warga mengungsi. Selain itu, gempa tersebut merusak 239.954 rumah. Studi ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji lebih jauh dampak gempa terhadap sumber penghidupan keluarga korban dan stategi kelangsung hidup mereka pasca gempa. Studi ini menggunakan data mentah dari survei rumah tangga korban yang dilakukan oleh UNDP. Jumlah sampel yang adalah 770 keluarga yang diambil secara sistematik random sampling dari daftar keluarga korban gempa di 7 kecamatan. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Studi ini menemukan bahwa gempa berdampak pada penghidupan 74,32% rumah tangga yang tersebar di seluruh kabupaten. Dampak paling signifikan adalah berkurangnya pendapatan, kehilangan pekerjaan, berkurangnya kemampuan fisik untuk bekerja, hilangnya pemasok dan pasar. Dampak tersebut bervariasi antar kabupaten/kota. Untuk mengatasi terganggunya sumber mata pencaharian, kegiatan/upaya keluarga korban antara lain meminjam, mengurangi konsumsi, menjual aset, dan berganti pekerjaan.

 

Abstract.The 2018 Lombok and Sumbawa earthquakes resulted in 564 deaths, 1,584 injuries, and 396,032 residents displaced. Also, the earthquake damaged 239,954 houses. This study is conducting to examine further the impact of the earthquake on the livelihoods and  livelihood strategy. This study uses raw data from the household survey. The total sample  was 770 families taken by systematic random sampling from a list of earthquake victim families in 7 districts. Data were analyzed descriptively quantitatively. This study found that the earthquake's impact on livelihoods for 74.32% household spread across all districts. The most significant impact is reduced income, loss of employment, reduced physical ability to work, loss of suppliers and markets. These impacts vary between districts/cities. To overcome the disruption to their livelihood sources, the survivor's family's activities/efforts include borrowing, reducing consumption, selling assets, and changing jobs.

 


Keywords


Gempa; sumber penghidupan; strategi kelangsungan hidup

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.49132

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