Jasa Ekosistem dalam Perspektif Masyarakat Perkotaan di Sungai Code

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.42479

Miftahul Jannah(1*), Andri Kurniawan(2), Evita Hanie Pangaribowo(3)

(1) Prodi Ilmu Lingkungan, Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstrak.Berbagai perubahan pada ekosistem sungai di perkotaan khususnya Sungai Code penggal Gemawang-Sardjito, mengindikasikan pemahaman masyarakat mengenai jasa ekosistem masih minim. Guna mengetahui kondisi sebenarnya, maka studi ini dilakukan. Tujuan yang ingin dicapai antara lain untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik ekosistem dan mengidentifikasi tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai jasa ekosistem dan komponen sungai. Penelitian menggunakan metode wawancara terstruktur dan observasi lapangan. Analisis deskriptif yang dilengkapi uji statistik dan analisis spasial digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa dominasi talud dan permukiman menyebabkan menurunnya peranan ekosistem sungai. Pengetahuan masyarakat terkait komponen sungai minim, namun pengetahuan tentang jasa ekosistem cenderung tinggi. Sebagian besar masyarakat tidak bisa menentukan area sempadan sungai dengan benar. Selain itu, pengetahuan masyarakat terkait jasa ekosistem belum menyeluruh. Hal ini menunjukkan perlunya peningkatan pemahaman sosial masyarakat terkait ekosistem sungai.

 

Abstract.Some changes in urban ecosystem of Code River, particularly in line Gemawang-Sardjito indicated the lack of community understanding to ecosystem services. This study was conducted in order to assess the actual conditions. The objectives of this study are to analyze the ecosystem characteristics and to identify the level of community knowledge regarding to ecosystem services and river components. This study used structured interview and filed observation. Descriptive and spatial analyses combined with statistical test are used in this study. The results showed that settlements and embankment caused the declining of river ecosystem roles. We also found that the community knowledge was high related to ecosystem services, however their knowledge to the river components was minimal. Most of them could not determine the riparian area correctly. Moreover, the community knowledge regarding to ecosystem services had not been thorough yet. Therefore, the improvement of community understanding to the river ecosystem is necessary.


Keywords


ekosistem sungai; komponen sungai; jasa ekosistem; pengetahuan masyarakat

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.42479

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