Kualitas Permukiman di Basin Wonosari dan Perbukitan Kars Gunungsewu di Kabupaten Gunungkidul

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.33584

Hana Eka Dharma Putri Riwu Kabo(1), Sri Rum Giyarsih(2*)

(1) Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) SCOPUS ID: 57191891077. Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kualitas permukiman pada bentuklahan Basin Wonosari dan Perbukitan Kars Gunungsewu di Kabupaten Gunungkidul, mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh bentuklahan terhadap kualitas permukiman beserta perbedaannya, dan mengetahui faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kualitas permukiman pada kedua bentuk lahan tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survai. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara kepada masyarakat di Kecamatan Wonosari yang mewakili bentuklahan Basin Wonosari dan Kecamatan Panggang yang mewakili bentuk lahan perbukitan kars Gunungsewu. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode simple random sampling. Pengolahan dan analisis data untuk mencapai tujuan pertama dengan menggunakan tabel frekuensi tunggal. Untuk mengetahui perbedaan kualitas permukiman pada kedua bentuk lahan digunakan uji Mann Whiteney-U. Sementara itu untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi kualitas permukiman digunakan uji regresi linear berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kualitas permukiman pada bentuklahan Basin Wonosari lebih baik dibanding bentuklahan Perbukitan Kars Gunungsewu. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa bentuk lahan tidak berpengaruh terhadap kualitas permukiman dan tidak ada perbedaan signifikan antara kualitas permukiman di kedua bentuk lahan tersebut. Temuan penelitian yang lain yaitu  variabel sosial ekonomi masyarakat memberikan pengaruh tidak langsung terhadap kualitas permukiman.


Keywords


kualitas permukiman, bentuklahan basin, bentuklahan perbukitan kars, Kabupaten Gunungkidul

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.33584

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30e/KPT/2018

Volume 31 No 2 the Year 2017 for Volume 35 No 2 the Year 2021

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