Perilaku Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Anorganik di Kecamatan Abepura Kota Jayapura

https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.13356

Albert Abrauw(1*), Hadi Sabari Yunus(2), Sri Rum Giyarsih(3)

(1) Universitas Cenderawasih Papua, Jayapura
(2) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Abepura Kota Jayapura Provinsi Papua. Pengelolaan sampah anorganik yang dilakukan di wilayah ini digali melalui kajian perilaku masyarakat. Tujuan dilakukan penelitian ini adalah untuk 1) mengkaji karakteristik sosial-ekonomi masyarakat di daerah penelitian; 2) mengakaji perilaku masyarakat Kecamatan Abepura dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik; 3) mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku masyarakat guna mewujudkan Kota Jayapura yang BERIMAN.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karakteristik sosial-ekonomi masyarakat yang meliputi pendidikan formal  responden 90% sangat tinggi (SLTA-Sarjana), 62,7% profesi responden (PNS/wiraswata), jumlah anggota keluarga (4-5 orang) cukup besar. Pendapatan responden (3.000.000-4.000.000) cukup besar, jumlah penduduk non Papua cukup tinggi 60%. Perilaku dominan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik menunjukan dominan sedang (95%). Perilaku masyarakat dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik menunjukkan gejala apatisme terhadap lingkungan dan ikut menunjang program pemerintah menjadikan Kota Jayapura yang BERIMAN. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku sedang dalam pengelolaan sampah anorganik secara signifikan terpengaruh kuat adalah pengetahuan terhadap perilaku masyarakat karena kurangnya sosialisasi pemerintah kepada masyarakat terkait UU No 18 Tahun 2008 dan PERDA Jayapura Kota BERIMAN dan pengelolaan sampah, serta faktor lingkungan budaya (suku bangsa/adat istiadat) masyarakat yang meliputi adanya kurang kepedulian terhadap kondisi lingkungan Kota Jayapura baik dari suku asli Papua dan non Papua dalam perilaku pengelolaan sampah anorganik. Sedangkan jumlah anggota keluarga, jenis pekerjaan, tingkat pendidikan, pendapatan menunjukkan arah hubungan negatif dengan sifat korelasi lemah terhadap perilaku pengelolaan sampah anorganik.    

 

ABSTRACT This research was conducted in AbepuraSubdistrict, Jayapura City, Papua Province. The inorganic waste management in this area is explored through studying people’s behavior. The research objectives are to: 1) study the social-economic characteristics of the community in the research area; 2) study the public behavior of AbepuraSubdistrict in the inorganic waste management; 3) find out the factors that affect public behavior to actualize the BERIMANprogram in Jayapura City. Research result shows that the social-economic characteristics of people in the area, including the education level, 90% of the respondents have education level of High School and Undergraduate study, 62,7% of respondent are Civil worker or entrepreneur, large number of family member (4-5 person).Respondent’s income of 3.000.000-4.000.000 is high enough, value 60% of non-Papua residents in the area. The dominant behavior of public in an inorganic waste management shows a medium dominant level of 95%. Public behavior in an inorganic waste management shows a phenomenon of apathy towards environment and also supports the Jayapuragovernment program to actualize a BERIMAN city. Significant factors affecting the medium level behavior in an inorganic waste management are the knowledge of public behavior because the lack of government socialization to the public concerning the UU No 18 Tahun 2008and PERDA Jayapura Kota BERIMANand waste management, there is also socio-cultural environment factor (ethnic/customs) which involves the lack of concern towards Jayapura City environmental condition, either from the Native Papua and non-Papua ethnic in the behavior of inorganic waste management.While the amount of family members, type of work, education level, and income shows a negative relation with a weak correlation towards the behavior of inorganic waste management. 


Keywords


karakteristik sosial-ekonomi; pengetahuan; perilaku pengelolaan sampah anorganik; social-economic characteristics; knowledge; behavior inorganic waste management




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mgi.13356

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Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30e/KPT/2018

Volume 31 No 2 the Year 2017 for Volume 35 No 2 the Year 2021

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