Estimasi Biaya Penyakit COVID-19 Rawat Inap di RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta: Direct Medical Cost

https://doi.org/10.22146/farmaseutik.v19i3.83529

Raymon Simanullang(1*), Tri Murti Andayani(2), Chairun Wiedyaningsih(3)

(1) Magister Manajemen Farmasi, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Farmakologi dan Farmasi Klinik, Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Farmasetika, Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Kasus terkonfirmasi positif COVID-19 tercatat sejak 2019 hingga 2021 mengalami peningkatan yang cukup signifikan. Analisis biaya dengan cost of illness mampu mengidentifikasi dan mengukur biaya secara keseluruhan dari penanganan suatu penyakit. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis total biaya medik langsung dan komponennya serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi biaya pasien COVID-19 rawat inap di RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta periode Juli-September 2021. Metode penelitian observasional analitik berdasarkan perspektif rumah sakit dengan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Pengambilan data diambil secara retrospektif dari rekam medik, data rincian biaya pengobatan, dan berkas klaim pasien. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian diperoleh jumlah pasien COVID-19 rawat inap sebanyak 99 sampel yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi, total biaya medik langsung Rp. 1.916.902.329 dengan rata-rata biaya per pasien Rp. 19.362.650, komponen biaya terbesar adalah biaya jasa pelayanan medis (53%) serta biaya obat dan BMHP (31,43%). Terdapat perbedaan total biaya medik langsung dari faktor jenis kelamin, lama rawat inap, dan kelas perawatan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada pengurangan total biaya medik langsung yang dipengaruhi oleh variabel-variabel tersebut.


Keywords


Cost Analysis; COVID-19; Direct Medical Cost; Hospital Perspective; Inpatient

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/farmaseutik.v19i3.83529

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