Membaca Arena Baru Subpolitik Anak Muda dalam Memaknai Risiko Industri Ekstraktif

https://doi.org/10.22146/studipemudaugm.48429

Erwinton Simatupang(1*), Vandy Yoga Swara(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article reveals the dynamics of youth subpolitics engagement amidst concern about environmental, social and economic risks of extractive industry operations. By focusing specifically on one of industrial locations as a case study, we explore how young people reflect nowadays and future various risks. This research uses a qualitative method with descriptive approach. Data is collected through focus group discussion (FGD), interview, and documentation. Behind youth subpolitics engagement discourse, we found that a change designed by young people leads to the risks. At this point, youth subpolitics engagement attempts to capitalize the risks that they initially against. At micro level, it turns out that a dominant actor controls youth subpolitics engagement. Applying the theoretical approach of strategic action fields developed by Neil Fligstein and Doug Mc Adam, we analyze how the dominant actor changes an arena of youth subpolitics engagement in dealing with the risks of extractive industry. As a result, young people depend on extractive industry operations.


Keywords


Sub-Politic; Youth; Risks; Industry; Strategic Action fields

Full Text:

PDF


References

Achda, B. Tamam. 2006. “The Sociological Context of Corporate Social Responsibility Development and Implementation in Indonesia.” Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. 13(5), pp. 300-305.

Ackah-Baidoo, Patricia. 2016. “Youth  Unemployment  in  Resource-Rich  Sub-Saharan  Africa:  A  Critical Review.” The  Extractive  Industries  and  Society. 3(1), pp. 249-261.  

Beck, Ulrich et al. 2003. “The Theory of Reflexive Modernization Problematic, Hypotheses and Research Programme.” Theory, Culture & Society, 20(2), pp. 1-33.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1983. “The Filed of Cultural Production, or: The Economic World Revesed.” Poetics. 12(4), pp. 311-356

Brisson, Romain and Renzo Bianchi. 2017. “Distinction at the Class-Fraction Level? A Re-Examination of Bourdieu’s Dataset”. Cultural Sociology, 11(4), pp. 489-535

Chukwuemeka, Emma E. O. and V. N. O. Aghara. 2010. “Niger Delta Youth Restiveness and Socio-Economic Development of Nigeria.” Educational Research and Reviews, 5(7), pp. 400-407.

Cushman Jr, John H. 1998. International Business; Nike Pledges to End Child Labor and Apply U.S. Rules Abroad. Nytimes. Retrieved July 28, 2019 (https://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/13/business/international-business-nike-pledges-to-end-child-labor-and-apply-us-rules-abroad.html)

DiMaggio, Paul J. and Walter W Powell. 1983. “The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Ismorphism and Colective Rationality in Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review. 48(2), pp. 147-260

Fligstein, Neil and Doug McAdam. 2011. A Theory of Fields. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Fligstein, Neil and Doug McAdam. 2011. Toward a General Theroy of Strategic Action Fields. Sociological Theory. 29(1), pp. 1-26

Freeman, R. Edward et al. 2010. Stakeholder Theory: The State of the Art. New York: Cambridge University Press. 

Gonzales, Adrian. 2018. “Control, Fear and Suppression: A Political Ecology of Voice Study into Resource Extraction Indutries- Community Engagement in Peru’s Loreto Region.” The Extractive Industries and Society An International Journal. 5(3), pp. 319-329

Herbert, Bob. 1998. In America; Nike Blink. Nytimes. Retrieved July 28, 2019 (https://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/21/opinion/in-america-nike-blinks.html)

Hoetu, Prosper and Daniela Kuzu. 2011. Youth and Oil & Gas Governance in Ghana: A Nationwide Survey on the Expectations and Participation of the Youth in Ghana’s Oil and Gas Industry. Ghana: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Ghana. 

Holzer, Boris and Mads P. Sørensen. 2001. Subpolitics and Subpoliticians. Researchgate. Retrieved July 28, 2019 (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282151805_Subpolitics_and_Subpoliticians_Workingpaper)

Holzer, Boris and Mads P. Sørensen. 2003. “Rethinking Subpolitics: Beyond the ‘Iron Cage’ of Modern Politics? Theory, Culture & Society, 20(2), pp. 79-102.

Holzer, Boris. 2008. “Turning Stakeseekers Into Stakeholders: A Political Coalition Perspective on the Politics of Stakeholder Influence.” Business & Society. 47(1), pp. 50-67.

Kauppinen, Iikka et al. 2017. “Social Mecanism and Strategic Action Field: The Example of the Emergence of the Europian Research Area”. International Sociology. 23(6), pp. 796-813

Kemp, Melody. 2001. Corporate Social Responsibility in Indonesia: Quixotic Dream or Confident Expectation? Digitalcommons.ilr.cornell. Retrieved July 28, 2019 (https://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1011&context=codes)

Lahiri-Dutt, Kuntala and Ms Petra Mahy. 2006. Impacts of Mining on Women and Youth in Indonesia: Two Mining Locations. Canberra: ANU Enterprise.   

Maconachie, Roy. 2014. “Dispossession, Exploitation or Employment? Youth Livelihoods and Extractive Industry Investment in Sierra Leone.” Futures  62,  pp. 75–82.

Mancini, Lucia and Serenalla Sala. 2018. “Social impact Assessment in the Mining Sector: Review and Comparison of Indicator Frameworks”. Resource Policy 57, pp. 98-111

Oskarsson, Patric and Heather P Bedi. 2018. “Extracting Environment Justice: Counting Technical Renditions of Pollution in India’s Coal Industry”. The Extractive Industry and Society. 5(3) pp. 340-347

Pettinicchio, David. 2012. “Institutional Activism: Reconsidering the Indsider – Outsider Dhicotomy. Sociology Compass. 6 (6), pp. 499-510

Pettinicchio, David. 2013. “Strategic Action Fields and the Context of Political Entrepreneurship: How Disability Rights Became Part of the Policy Agenda.” Research in Social Movement, Conflicts and Change. 36:76, pp. 79-106

Phuong, Phung Thuy and Arthur P. J. Mol. 2004. “Communities as Informal Regulators: New Arrangements in Industrial Pollution Control in Viet Nam.” Journal of Risk Research, 7(4), pp. 431-444.

Porter, Michael and Mark Kramer. 2011. “Creating Shared Value: How to Fix Capitalism and Unleast a New Wave of Growth.” Harvard Business Review, 80(2), pp. 56-68.

Prayogo, Dody. 2010. “Anatomi Konflik antara Korporasi dan Komunitas Lokal pada Industri Geotermal di Jawa Barat.” Jurnal Sosiologi Masyarakat, 14(1), pp. 25-34.

Schneider, Mark and Paul Teske. 1992. “Toward a Theory of the Political Entrepreneur: Evidence from Local Government.” The American Political Science Review. 86(3), pp. 737-747

Simatupang, Erwinton and Vandy Yoga Swara. 2018. “Creating Shared Value di Industri Migas: Pelajaran dari Balongan dalam Meminimalisir Pengangguran dan Menekan Potensi Kecelakaan Kerja.” Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat: Media Pemikiran dan Dakwah Pembangunan. 2(1), pp. 63-88. 

Sutopo, Oki Rahadianto., Putri, Rani Dwi., dan Karina Larasati K. 2018. “Aspirasi Pemuda Kelas Bawah dan Reproduksi Sosial di Jawa Tengah.” Jurnal Studi Pemuda. 7(1), pp. 1-13.

Swara, Vandy Yoga. 2016. “Pemuda Desa di Wilayah Industri: Studi Kasus pada Wilayah Semen di Kabupaten Tuban.” Jurnal Analisis Sosial. 20(1&2), pp.183-196.

Swartz, David L. 2014. “Theorizing Fields”. Theory and Society,  43(6), pp. 675–682.

Ventura, Jose and Kety Jauregui. 2017. “Business – Community Retalionship for Extractive Industries: A Case Study in Peru.” Brazilian Administration Review. 14(2), pp. 2-24.

Wood, William B. 1986. “Intermediate Cities on a Resource Frontier.” Geographical Review, 76(2), pp. 149-159.

Zainal, Rabin Ibnu. 2015. Mandated Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Indonesia: Institututional and Stakeholder Perspectives. Melbourne: School of Management College of Business, RMIT University.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/studipemudaugm.48429

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 188 | views : 262

Refbacks



Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Studi Pemuda

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 


  Jurnal Studi Pemuda (Print ISSN 2252-9020; Online ISSN 2527-3639)  is published by the Youth Studies Centre in collaboration with Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada.  

 

View My Stats