A Brief Review of Efficacious Plants in the World: Tagetes (Marigold)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.85079

Meutia Zahara(1*), Vera Nazhira Arifin(2), Syarifah Farissi Hamama(3)

(1) Postgraduate Program of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh, Jl. Muhammadiyah, No. 91, Batoeh, Lueng Bata, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia; Department of Biology, Islamic Faculty, Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh, Jl. Muhammadiyah, No. 91, Batoeh, Lueng Bata, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia.
(2) Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh, Jl. Muhammadiyah, No. 91, Batoeh, Lueng Bata, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia.
(3) Department of Educational Biology, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Abulyatama University, Jln. Blang bintang lama KM 8,5 Lampoh Keude, Aceh Besar 23372, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tagetes is a genus consisting of several efficacious plant species known as marigold, which is native to Mexico and has  spread worldwide due to its ability to adapt to different soil conditions. This genus is very popular among gardeners because it’s easy to cultivate, adaptable, produces flowers all year round, has a free flowering habit, short duration, and the flower has an attractive color and shape. It has many flowers of varying colors such as red, orange, yellow, mixed red-orange or red-yellow, but the yellow and orange color are the most popular. The flowers contain many carotenoids, which act as antioxidants, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogen, nematicide, and cosmetics. The carotenoid can also cure fever, epileptic fits, astringent, scabies, liver complaints, stomachache, sore throat, and  can be used as a natural moisturizer, and natural mosquito repellent Besides its use as a medicinal plant, Tagetes is also used as ornamental plants and edible plants. This manuscript’s endeavour is to include some important investigations and studies about the general description, phytochemicals compounds and essential oils, medicinal uses, natural pesticides, and food and beverage uses of the marigolds.

 


Keywords


Tagetes; Marigold; Efficacious plant

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