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Author Guidelines

Please note that the normal limit of research papers is 15 printed pages in the Journal; we are prepared to accept slightly longer papers (20 pages) provided a justification of the scientific content of the work. Reviews must not exceed 20 pages, while short communications must not exceed 10 pages.

Submission should be done online at our website  An acknowledge letter will be sent to the corresponding author email address posthaste of submission. This letter indicates that we have received your submission and not as an indicator of the journal acceptance.


1. General Instructions

  • Manuscripts are preferably written in English. Indonesian-written manuscripts are still considered to be published.
  • Format manuscripts for A4 (21 x 30 cm) paper.
  • Number all pages sequentially.
  • Number all lines in the text beginning on the title page
  • Use Times New Roman 12 pt font. Use italic only for scientific names.
  • Use only left margin justify. Indent the first sentence of all paragraphs.
  • Double-space throughout, including title page, abstract, literature cited, tables, and figure legends.
  • Leave at least a 2.5-cm (1-inch) margin on all sides.
  • Use metric units of measurement.
  • When needed, Indonesian equivalents may be given in parentheses.


2. Title page information

2.1. Title

Concise and informative, yet not overly general. If appropriate, include the species or ecosystem that was the subject of the study, or the location where the study was done. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible


2.2. Author names and affiliations

Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.


2.3. Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.  Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.  Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.


2.4. Present/permanent address

If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


3. Abstract and keywords

3.1. Abstract

A concise and factual abstract is required and must be written in English (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methods used, the principal results and major conclusions. Please try to keep each sentence as specific as possible, and avoid such general statements as "The management implications of the results are discussed". An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


3.2. Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


4. Abbreviations

Abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


5. Article structure

5.1. Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Avoid using more than three levels of subsection. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


5.2. Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


5.3. Material and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


5.4. Results and Discussion

Results should be clear and concise. The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


5.6. Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of Results and Discussion section.


5.7. Glossary

If necessary, please supply (as a separate list) the definitions of field-specific terms used in your article.


5.8. Acknowledgements

Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.).


5.9. Appendices

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


6. Additional information

6.1. Formatting of funding sources

List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance with funder's requirements: Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa]. It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions of the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organisation that provided the funding.If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: “This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors”


6.2. Nomenclature and Units

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI) for all scientific and laboratory data. If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI.  Common names must be in lowercase except proper nouns. All common names must be followed by a scientific name in parentheses in italics. For example, Amboina box turtle (Cuora amboinensis). Where scientific names are used in preference to common names they should be in italics and the genus should be reduced to the first letter after the first mention. For example, the first mention is given as Cuora amboinensis and subsequent mentions are given as Camboinensis.


6.3. Math formulae

Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


7. Artwork

7.1.General points

  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
  • Preferred fonts: Times New Roman
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image.
  • For Word submissions only, you may still provide figures and their captions, and tables within a single file at the revision stage.
  • Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be provided in separate source files.


7.1. Formats

Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):

  • EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'.
  • TIFF (or JPG): Colour or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
  • TIFF (or JPG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (colour or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.

Please do not:

  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution.
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.


7.3. Color artwork

Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures then we will ensure- at no additional charge- that these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Journal Manager after receipt of your accepted article.


7.4. Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


7.5. Tables

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.


8. References

8.1. Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.


8.2. Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


8.3. Reference formatting

Reference must be formatted according to Harvard style at the submission. A complete explanation of Harvard style can be found here. Harvard citation style file for reference manager (Mendeley, Zotero, etc.) can be downloaded here. Note that submission with incorrect reference formatting will be returned for revision.  The format of the references can be seen in the following examples described in the section below.


8.4. Reference style

8.4.1. Text

All citations in the text should refer to:

  • Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
  • Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
  • Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication.


Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.


' demonstrated (Richmond 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Richmond & Sear, 1999). Jones et al. (2010) have recently shown.... Richmond and Sear (1999) also found that...'


8.4.2. List

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.




Reference to a journal publication:

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J. & Lupton, R.A., 2010, The art of writing a scientific article, Journal of Science Communication 163(2), 51–59.


Reference to a non-English journal publication in English-written manuscripts:

Give the original title followed by an English translation in brackets.

Ising, M., 2000, Intensitätsabhängigkeit evozierter Potenzial im EEG: Sind impulsive Personen Augmenter oder Reducer? [Intensity dependence in eventrelated EEG potentials: Are impulsive individuals augmenters or reducers?]. Zeitschrift fürdifferentielle und diagnostische Psychologie 21, 208-217.


Reference to a book:

Laudon, K.C. & Laudon, J.P., 2003, Essentials of management information systems: Managing the digital firm, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J.


Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Johnston R.B., Mak H.C. & Kurnia S., 2001, 'The contribution of Internet Electronic Commerce to advanced supply chain reform - a case study', in S. Barnes & B. Hunt (eds.), E-Commerce and V-Business, pp. 232-249, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.


Reference to a website:

Arch, A. & Letourneau, C., 2002, 'Auxiliary Benefits of Accessible Web Design', in W3C Web Accessibility initiative, viewed 26 February 2004, from


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscript is your own original work and doesn't duplicate any of published work, including your own previously published work.
  2. The manuscript has not been previously published, nor it is under consideration in other journals (unless an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format (.doc/.docx).
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses as 12 point, times new roman, including abstract and table.
  5. The format adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  6. When available, provide two suggestions of suitable reviewers for the manuscript along with their emails and phone numbers in Comments to the Editor.
  7. The manuscript contains nothing that is abusive, defamatory, libellous, obscene, fraudulent, or illegal.

Copyright Notice

Copyright and Attribution:

Articles in Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology are under Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-SA) copyright. Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), include in a collective work (such as an anthology), text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere and by other authors are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate of one of the authors.

Ethical matters:

Experiments with animals or involving human patients must have had prior approval from the appropriate ethics committee. A statement to this effect should be provided within the text at the appropriate place. Experiments involving plants or microorganisms taken from countries other than the authors’ own must have had the correct authorization for this exportation.

Creative Commons License
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Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (IDR)
Authors are required to pay an Article Submission Fee as part of the submission process to contribute to review costs.

Article Publication: 0.00 (IDR)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.