Seed Conservation of Anaxagorea luzonensis A. Gray (Annonaceae) Through Storage Behaviour and Morphology

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.83147

Dewi Ayu Lestari(1*), Ananda Kautsar Nadia Faya(2)

(1) Research Center for Applied Botany, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jl. Raya Jakarta – Bogor Km. 46, Cibinong, Bogor 16911, West Java
(2) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran 65145, Malang, East Java
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Fruits and seeds morphological traits and seed storage behaviour of Anaxagorea luzonensis are important for seed and plant conservation. Fruits and seeds characterization using a digital microscope and morphometry method. Seed storage behaviour was determined using 100-seed test method. The findings revealed that the colour of A. luzonensis fruit did not change and A. luzonensis seed was glossy, brittle, black in colour, 9.05 x 5.89 x 2.93 mm sized and oval. The seeds are desiccation-tolerant and are categorized as orthodox seeds. These results can become the findings of A. luzonensis seed storage behaviour, because information about it never existed before. Knowing the seed storage behaviour and seed morphology of A. luzonensis is essential so that the recommendation of conservation efforts at PBG in the future are covering the fruit, modifying the environment, breaking dormant seeds, vegetative propagation, and preserving seeds.

 


Keywords


ballistic; conservation; desiccation; orthodox; seed bank

Full Text:

PDF


References

Asomaning, J.M. & Sacande, M., 2019. Desiccation, germination and water sorption isotherm of Garcinia afzelii Engl. (Clusiaceae) Seeds. Research Journal of Seed Science, 12(1), pp.1–9. doi: 10.3923/rjss.2019.1.9.

Aziz, A. et al., 2016. Therapeutic potential of plant species derived from some Annonaceae Genus. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 6(6), pp.214–221. doi: 10.5923/j.ijaf.20160606.03.

Barbosa, A. et al., 2018. Reproductive phenology of Carapa guianensis Aubl. (Meliaceae) in two forest areas of the Central Amazon. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology, 3(3), pp.714–724. doi: 10.22161/ijeab/3.3.1.

de Almeida, L.C.P. et al., 2018. Temperature, light, and desiccation tolerance in seed germination of Mauritia flexuosa L.F. Revista Arvore, 42(3), pp.1–7. doi: 10.1590/1806-90882018000300005.

de Jager, M. et al., 2019. Seed size regulates plant dispersal distances in flowing water. Journal of Ecology, 107(1), pp.307–317. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.13054.

Ferreira, S.A.D.N., de Oliveira Gentil, D.F. & Ferreira, C.A.C., 2021. Physiological performance of Coccoloba gigantifolia seeds subjected to desiccation and storage. Journal of Seed Science, 43, pp.1–9. doi: 10.1590/2317-1545V43250757.

Gonda, R., Takeda, T. & Akiyama, T., 2000. Studies on the constituents of Anaxagorea luzonensis A. Gray. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 48(8), pp.1219–1222. doi: 10.1248/cpb.48.1219.

González-Morales, S.I. et al., 2016. Regulatory network analysis reveals novel regulators of seed desiccation tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(35), pp.E5232–E5241. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1610985113.

Gottsberger, G., 2016. The reproductive biology of the early-divergent genus Anaxagorea (Annonaceae), and its significance for the evolutionary development of the family. Acta Botanica Brasilica, 30(2), pp.313–325. doi: 10.1590/0102-33062015abb0311.

Handayani, T., 2019. Seed germination and seedling functional types some species of Annonaceae. Buletin Kebun Raya, 22(1), pp.1–12.

Husain, K. et al., 2012. Novel sesquiterpene and copyrine alkaloids from Anaxagorea javanica Blume. Phytochemistry Letters, 5(4), pp.788–792.

ISTA, 2015. International Rules for Seed Testing, International Seed Testing Association.

Johnson, D.M. & Murray, N.A., 2018. A revision of Xylopia L. (Annonaceae): The species of Tropical Africa. PhytoKeys, 252(97), pp.1–252. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.97.20975.

Kijak, H. & Ratajczak, E., 2020. What do we know about the genetic basis of seed desiccation tolerance and longevity?. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(10). doi: 10.3390/ijms21103612.

Lang, Z. & Wang, B., 2016. The effect of seed size on seed fate in a subtropical forest, Southwest of China. IForest, 9(4), pp.652–657. doi:10.3832/ifor1852-008.

Leslie, A.B., Beaulieu, J.M. & Mathews, S., 2017. Variation in seed size is structured by dispersal syndrome and cone morphology in conifers and other nonflowering seed plants. New Phytologist, 216(2), pp.429–437. doi:10.1111/nph.14456.

Lestari, D.A., 2013. Characterization of external morphology on various seeds in Purwodadi Botanic Garden. Proceeding International Conference of The 4th Green Technology. Faculty of Science and Technology, Islamic of University State Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

Lestari, D.A., 2014. Anaxagorea luzonensis A. Gray: A new Annonaceae plant collection of Purwodadi Botanic Garden. Proceeding 4th International Conference on Global Resource Conservation. Brawijaya University, Malang, pp.202–206.

Lestari, D.A., 2019. Evaluation of flowering and fruiting periods of selected Annonaceae species in Purwodadi Botanic Garden. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2120(July), pp.1–9. doi: 10.1063/1.5115627.

Lestari, D.A. & Pratiwi, A., 2022. Morphological studies of selected seeds of Annonaceae : Seed bank collection of Purwodadi Botanical Gardens. Biodiversitas, 8(2), pp.103–110. doi: 10.13057/psnmbi/m080201.

Liu, H. et al., 2014. Seed dispersal and germination traits of 70 plant species inhabiting the Gurbantunggut desert in northwest China. Scientific World Journal, 346405, pp.1–12. doi: 10.1155/2014/346405.

Newstrom, L.E., Frankie, G.W. & Baker, H.G., 1994. A new classification for plant phenology based on flowering patterns in lowland tropical rain forest trees at La Selva, Costa Rica. Biotropica, 26(2), pp.141–159.

Njoku, T.C. & Okorie, H.A., 2021. Effect of growth regulators on African Pear (Dacryodes edulis (G.Don) H.J. Lam) flowering, fruiting and fruit set. Journal of Agriculture and Food Science, 19(1), pp.18–30.

Parolin, P., Wittmann, F. & Ferreira, L.V., 2013. Fruit and seed dispersal in Amazonian floodplain trees - A review. Ecotropica, 19(1–2), pp.15–32.

PBG Registration Unit, 2022. List of critical plant collections in Purwodadi Botanic Gardens. Purwodadi Botanic Garden. Unpublished.

Pratiwi, A., Lestari, D.A. & Romdhonah, Y., 2022. Short communication : Germination monitoring of selected Annonaceae seeds : Seed bank collections of Purwodadi Botanic Garden, East Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 23(7), pp.3567–3572. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d230734.

Pritchard, H.W. et al., 2004. 100-seed test for desiccation tolerance and germination: A case study on eight tropical palm species. Seed Science Technology, 32(2), pp.393–403.

Rather, G.A. et al., 2022. Tissue culture: A perpetual source for the conservation of medicinally important endangered plant species. Adv Plant Tissue Culture, pp.373-393.

Scharaschkin, T. & Doyle, J.A., 2006. Character evolution in Anaxagorea (Annonaceae). American Journal of Botany, 93(1), pp.36–54.

Setiawan, E., 2018. Efek perlakuan pembungkusan terhadap kualitas buah juwet. Agrovigor: Jurnal Agroekoteknologi, 11(2), pp.83–87. doi:10.21107/agrovigor.v11i2.4926.

Side, T.H.R., Mastuti, R. & Widiani, A.R., 2021. The effectiveness of scarification technique to break dormancy kenaf seed (Hibiscus cannabinus L.). Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri, 27(1), pp.34-43. doi: 10.21082/jlittri.v27n1.2021.34-43.

Smith, T.M. et al., 2022. Size matters: variations in seagrass seed size at local scales affects seed performance. Hydrobiologia, 849(10), pp.2335–2352. doi:10.1007/s10750-022-04873-1.

Smolikova, G. et al., 2021. Desiccation tolerance as the basis of long-term seed viability. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(1), pp.1–24. doi: 10.3390/ijms22010101.

Sutopo, 2010. Teknologi Benih. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Tefera, A.A., 2019. Review on application of plant tissue culture in plant breeding. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 9(3), pp.20–25. doi: 10.7176/jnsr/9-3-03.

Verspagen, N. & Erkens, R.H.J., 2020. Anaxagorea luzonensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T146907737A147659920.en.

Wardani, F.F. & Mimin, 2020. Characterization of fruit and seeds and identification of Tacca palmata seed storage behavior using the 100-seed test method. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon, 6(1), pp.552–557. doi: 10.13057/psnmbi/m060116.

Xu, Y. & Zang, R., 2023. Conservation of rare and endangered plant species in China. iScience, 26(2), 106008.

Yuan, T., Wei, Q. & Bauchan, G., 2019. Germination of pulsatilla seeds as influenced by seed morphology, moist 5°C and gibberellin (GA3) treatment, and detection of nickel in seeds. HortScience, 54(11), pp.2015–2023. doi: 10.21273/HORTSCI14056-19.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.83147

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 236 | views : 166

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)