Species Composition and Inshore Migration of the Tropical Glass Eels (Anguilla spp.) Recruiting to the Jali River, Purworejo Regency

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.82880

Ayuningtyas Indrawati(1*), Putri Sapira Ibrahim(2), Fione Yukita Yalindua(3), Wanwan Kurniawan(4), Siti Aisyah(5), Sutrisno Anggoro(6), Suradi Wijaya Saputra(7)

(1) Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, 14430, Indonesia
(2) Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, 14430, Indonesia
(3) Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, 14430, Indonesia
(4) Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, 14430, Indonesia
(5) Department of Aquatic Resource Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Bangka Belitung, 33172, Indonesia
(6) Department of Aquatic Resources, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Diponegoro, Central Java, 50275, Indonesia
(7) Department of Aquatic Resources, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Diponegoro, Central Java, 50275, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Purworejo Regency is located in the south coast of Java where rivers flow into the Indian Ocean. The Jali River in Purworejo becomes a migration route for eels where juvenile eels (glass eels) move from the ocean to freshwater passing through the estuary. During migration, glass eels will make efforts to survive, one of which is to manage their osmotic pressure (osmolarity). With regards to those, a study on the upstream migration of glass eels in Jali River was carried out. Glass eels samplings were conducted using hand-held lift nets at the new moon phase, from 20:00 pm to 4:00 am. Sampling stations included the estuary, a branch river, and below the dam. The osmolarity of both glass eels and media (river water) were measured. Furthermore, the chemical and physical parameters of the waters as the natural habitat for glass eels were also measured. Glass eel samples were then identified to species level. The results showed that glass eels entering the Jali River consisted of Anguilla bicolor bicolor and Anguilla nebulosa nebulosa with the former being the most common. Total length of glass eels ranged between 44.10 to 69.70 mm with total weights 0.08 to 0.54 g. Glass eel migration has a close relation with surface current and tide. The osmotic work level (OWL) of glass eels approaches 0.34 mOsm/l H2O which is close to iso-osmotic. This happened at salinity 0 o/oo so that the glass eels migrate to fresh water which has a lower salinity to achieve iso-osmotic condition.

 


Keywords


Anguilla spp.; glass eel; inshore migration; Jali river; species composition

Full Text:

PDF


References

Annida, S. B. et al., 2021. Fish catches diversity of the glass eel fishery in Cikaso and Cimandiri estuaries, Sukabumi, Indonesia. E3S Web of Conferences, 322, pp.1-11. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202132203007.

Anggoro, S., 1992. Efek Osmotik berbagai Tingkat Salinitas Media Terhadap Daya Tetas Telur dan Vitalitas Larva Udang Windu. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Anggoro, S. & Nakamura, K., 1996. Osmotic Response and Feeding Pattern of Kuruma Shrimp (Penaeus japonicus) at Various Molting Stages. Research Report. Lab. of Propagation Physiology. Fisheries Fac. Kagoshima University.

Anggoro, S., 2000. Studi Ekofisiologi dan Implementasinya untuk Perbaikan Manajemen Bioteknis Budidaya Udang Windu. Universitas Diponegoro.

Anggoro, S., Suprapto, D. & Purwanti, F., 2018. Osmoregulation pattern of fingerling vanname shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) rearing in three molt stage iso-osmotic media. Ilmu Kelautan Indonesia Journal of Marine Sciences, 23(3), pp.119-122. doi: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.3.119-122.

Aoyama, J. et al., 2014. Seasonal changes in species composition of glass eels of the genus Anguilla (Teleostei: Anguillidae) recruiting to the Cagayan River, Luzon Island, The Philippines. Pacific Science, 69(2), pp.263-270. doi: 10.2984/69.2.8.

Arai, T., et al., 1999. Metamorphosis and inshore migration of tropical eels Anguilla spp. in the Indo-Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 182, pp.283-293.

Arai, T., 2020. Ecology and evolution of migration in the freshwater eels of the genus Anguilla Schrank, 1978. Heliyon, 6, pp.1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05176.

Budiharjo, A., 2010. Komposisi jenis larva sidat (Anguilla spp.) yang bermigrasi ke muara Sungai Progo, Yogyakarta. Jurnal Berkala Penelitian Hayati, 15, pp.121–126. doi: 10.23869/bphjbr.15.2.20104.

Cao, Q. et al., 2021. Time-course studies of osmoregulatory responses in different salinities for the marbled eel (Anguilla marmorata). Aquaculture, 540, pp.1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.736699.

Cresci, A., 2020. A comprehensive hypothesis on the migration of European glass eels (Anguilla anguilla). Biological Reviews, 95, pp.1273-1286. doi: 10.1111/brv.12609.

Edeline, E. et al., 2006. Effects of body condition and water temperature on Anguilla anguilla glass eel migratory behavior. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 331(2), pp.217-225. doi: 10.1016/j.jambe.2005.10.011.

Ege, V., 1939. A Revision of the Genus Anguilla Shaw. A Systematic, Phylogenetic and Geographical Study, London: Oxford University Press.

Elie, P. et al., 1982. Définition des limites des différents stades pigmentaires durant la phase civelle d’ Anguilla Anguilla L. (Poisson téléostéen anguilliforme). Vie et Milieu, 32, pp.149–157.

Fahmi, M. R. & Hirnawati, R., 2010. Keragaman ikan sidat tropis (Anguilla sp.) di Perairan Sungai Cimandiri, Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. Prosiding Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur, pp.1–8.

Fahmi, M. R., Pouyaud L. & Berrebi, P., 2012. Distribution of tropical eel genus Anguilla in Indonesia water based on Semi-Multiplex PCR. Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, 7(2), pp.139-148. doi: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.139-148.

Fahmi, M. R., 2015. Short Communication: Conservation genetic of tropical eel in Indonesian waters based on population genetic study. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Nasional, pp. 38-43. doi: 10.13057/psnmbi/m010106.

Hakim, A. A. et al., 2015. Komposisi spesies ikan sidat (Anguilla spp.) di delapan sungai yang bermuara ke Teluk Palabuhanratu, Sukabumi, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 7(2), pp.573-585.

Kume, M. et al., 2020. Size-dependent changes in habitat use of Japanese eel Anguilla japonica during the river life stage. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 103, pp.269–281. doi: 10.1007/s10641-020-00957-w.

Kwak, T. J., Engman, A. C., & Lilyestrom, C. G., 2019. Ecology and conservation of the American eel in the Caribbean region. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 26, pp.42–52. doi: 10.1111/fme.12300.

Leander, N. J. et al., 2012. Species composition and seasonal occurrence of recruiting glass eels (Anguilla spp.) in the Hsiukuluan River, Eastern Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 51(1), pp.59-71.

Lucas, M. C., & Baras. E., 2001. Migration of Freshwater Fishes, Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Marui, M. et al., 2001. Comparison of early life history between New Zealand temperate eels and Pacific tropical eels revealed by otolith microstructure and microchemistry. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 213, pp.273-284.

McKinnon, L. J., 2006. A Review of Eel Biology: Knowledge and Gaps, Victoria, Australia: EPA Victoria and Audentes Investments Pty, Ltd.

Milošević, D. et al., 2022. Migration wawes and stage of pigmentation of glass eels from River Bojana (Montenegro). Agriculture and Forestry, 68(3), pp.103-110. doi: 10.17707/AgricultForest.68.3.08

Minegishi, Y. et al., 2012. Present and past genetic connectivity of the Indo-Pacific tropical eel Anguilla bicolor. Journal of Biogeography, 39, pp.408–420. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02603.x.

Muthmainnah, D. et al., 2016. Understanding the current status of Anguillid eel fisheries in Southest Asia. Fish for The People, 14(3), pp.19-25.

Ndobe, S., 2010. Struktur ukuran glass eel ikan sidat (Anguilla marmorata) di muara Sungai Palu, Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah. Media Litbang Sulteng, 3(2), pp.144-150.

Nijman, V., 2015. CITES-listings, EU eel trade bans and the increase of export of tropical eels out of Indonesia. Marine Policy, 5, pp.36-41. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2015.04.006.

Réveillac, È. et al., 2009. Development of a key using morphological characters to distinguish south-western Indian Ocean anguillid glass eels. Journal of Fish Biology, 74(9), pp.2171–2177. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02284.x.

Rice, J.A., 2007. Mathematical Statistics and Data Analysis 3rd ed., Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Righton, D. et al., 2021. Important questions to progress science and sustainable management of anguillid eels. Fish and Fisheries, 22(4), pp.762–788. doi: 10.1111/faf.12549.

Setiawan, I. E., Amarullah, H. & Mochioka, N., 2003. Kehidupan awal dan waktu berpijah sidat tropik Anguilla sp. Prosiding Forum Nasional Sumberdaya Perikanan Sidat Tropik, pp.11-16.

Sriati, 2003. Distribusi benih sidat (elver) di muara Sungai Cimandiri, Pelabuhan Ratu, Jawa Barat. Prosiding Forum Nasional Sumberdaya Perikanan Sidat Tropik, pp.59-63.

Sugeha, H. Y. et al., 2008a. Biodiversity, distribution and abundance of the tropical Anguillid eels in the Indonesian Waters. Marine Research in Indonesia, 33(2), pp.129-137. doi: 10.14203/mri.v33i2.486.

Sugeha, H. Y., Bataragoa, N. E. & Wouthuyzen, S. 2008b. Inshore migration of the tropical anguillid glass eels recruited in the estuary of Dumoga River (North Sulawesi, Indonesia). Proceeding Seminar National on Ichthyology V, pp.225-237.

Sugeha, H. Y. & Suharti, S. R., 2009. Discrimination and distribution of two tropical short-finned eels (Anguilla bicolor bicolor and Anguilla bicolor pacifica) in the Indonesian Waters. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory. Special Publication Series, 9, pp.1-14.

Sukardi, P. et al., 2022. Capture-based aquaculture of glass eel nurseries, Anguilla bicolor in Segara Anakan, Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1119, pp.1-7. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1119/1/012018.

Tabeta, O., Takai. T. & Matsui. I., 1976. The sectional counts of vertebrae in the anguillid elvers. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 22, pp.195-200. doi: 10.11369/jji1950.22.195.

Tabeta, O. & Mochioka, N., 2003. The Glass Eel. In Eel Biology. Tokyo: Springer, pp.75-87. doi: 10.1007/978-4-431-65907-5_6.

Tesch, F. W., 2003. The Eel 3rd ed., London: Blackwell Publishing Company.

Triyanto et al., 2020. Population dynamic and exploitation rate of glass eels (Anguilla spp.) in Cimandiri River estuary, West Java, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 13(2), pp.529-538.

Triyanto et al., 2021. Recruitment and abundance estimation of glass eel genus Anguilla in three large estuaries on the coast of Sukabumi West Java. E3S Web of Conferences, 322, pp1-9. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202132201037.

Wackerly, D. D., Mendenhall, W. & Scheaffer, R. L., 2008. Mathematical Statistics with Applications 7th ed., Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Wichelen, J. Van et al., 2022. Glass eel (Anguilla anguilla L. 1758) feeding behaviour during upstream migration in an artificial waterway. Journal of Fish Biology, 101(4), pp.1047-1057. doi: 10.1111/jfb.15171.

Zompola, S. et al., 2008. Temporal patterns of glass eel migration (Anguilla anguilla L. 1758) in relation to environmental factors in the Western Greek inland waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 80, pp.330-338. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2008.08.007.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.82880

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 211 | views : 82

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)