Morphological and Anatomical Variations among Alocasia alba Schott Accessions in Bali Botanic Garden

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.66823

Ni Putu Sri Asih(1*), Ema Hendriyani(2), Eka Fatmawati Tihurua(3)

(1) Bali Botanic Garden, Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Garden, National Research and Innovation Agency. Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan, Bali 82191
(2) Bali Botanic Garden, Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Garden, National Research and Innovation Agency. Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan, Bali 82191
(3) Botany Division, Research Center for Biology, National Research and Innovation Agency. Jln. Raya Jakarta-Bogor, Km. 46, Cibinong, Bogor West Java 16911
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Alocasia alba Schott is a member of Macrorrhizos group from Aroid family that has conserved in Bali Botanic Garden. On its development, the collections showed varied morphological diversity on leaves and flowers. The aim of this study is to fill the knowledge gap in morphology and anatomy of the species A. alba and to know the phenotypic variation in this species. A total of eight A. alba accessions from Java, Bali and West Nusa Tenggara were observed in morphological and anatomical characters. The result showed that the eight accessions of A. alba have some variations in morphological and anatomical characters. These variations might be caused by genetic factors that resulted from plant adaptation to the different environments.

 


Keywords


aroid; environment; leaves; phenotypic; stomata

Full Text:

PDF


References

Albarrán-Lara, A.L. et al., 2018. Low genetic differentiation between two morphologically and ecologically distinct giant-leaved Mexican oaks. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 305(1), pp. 89–101. doi: 10.1007/s00606-018-1554-8.

Alcántara-ayala, O. et al., 2020. Morphological variation of leaf traits in the Ternstroemia lineata species complex (Ericales : Penthaphylacaceae) in response to geographic and climatic variation. PeerJ, 8(e8307), pp.1–27. doi: 10.7717/peerj.8307.

Arogundade, O.O. & Adedeji, O., 2019. The importance of foliar anatomy in the taxonomy of the genus Alocasia (Schott) G. Don. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12(1), pp.67–75.

Boyce, P.C. & Croat, T.B., 2011, The uberlist of Araceae, totals for published and estimated number of species in aroid genera, viewed 28 January 2021, from http://www.aroid.org/genera/20201008Uberlist.pdf.

Chikmawati, T., 2013. Anatomical and cytological features of Spathoglottis plicata from Java Island. Journal of Tropical Life Science, 3(2), pp.87–90. doi: 10.11594/jtls.03.02.03.

Cutler, D.F. et al., 2007, Plant Anatomy : An Applied Approach. First. USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9781119945734.ch7.

Dilcher, D.L., 1974. Approaches to the identification of Angiosperm leaf remains. The Botanical Review, 40(1), pp.1–157. doi: 10.2307/2420009.

Efendi, M. et al., 2020. Catatan variasi morfologi intraspesies Begonia areolata Miq. berdasarkan koleksi Kebun Raya Cibodas, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Biologica Samudra, 2(2), pp.103–113.

Erlinawati, I. & Tihurua, E. F., 2013. Leaf surface comparison of three genera Araceae in Indonesia. Buletin Kebun Raya, 16(2), pp.131–145.

Garcia, J. Q. et al., 2008. Morphological variation and reproductive characteristics of wild giant taro (Alocasia macrorrhizos, Araceae) populations in Vanuatu. New Zealand Journal of botany, 46, pp.189–203. doi: 10.1080/00288250809509762.

Gonzalez, N. et al., 2012. Leaf size control: complex coordination of cell division and expansio. Trends in Plant Science, 17(6), pp.332–340. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2012.02.003.

Hay, A., 1998. The genus Alocasia (Araceae-Colocasieae) in West Malesia & Sulawesi. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 50, pp.221–334.

Jingura, R. & Kamusoko, R., 2015. Utility of markers for determination of genetic diversity in Jatropha: A review. Open Renewable Energy Journal, 8, pp.1–6.

Kondo, T. et al., 2010. Stomatal density in controlled by a mesophyll-derived signaling molecule. Plant Cell Physiology, 51(1), pp.1–8. doi: doi:10.1093/pcp/pcp180.

Kurniawan, A. et al., 2013. Studies on the Araceae of the Lesser Sunda Islands I : New distribution records for Alocasia alba. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 65(2), pp.157–162.

Li, L. et al., 2018. Diversity analysis of leaf phenotypic characters of Pyracantha fortunaeana’, in IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 199 022011, pp.1–7. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/199/2/022011.

Maretta, D. et al., 2020. Genetic diversity in eddoe taro (Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum) from indonesia based on morphological and nutritional characteristics. Biodiversitas, 21(8), pp.3525–3533. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d210814.

Mustaqim, W. A. & Setiawan, E., 2019. Alocasia alba ( Araceae ) in Southern Sumatra : further distribution recorded. Aroideana, 42(2), pp.18–22.

Ramsey, M. W. et al., 1994. Geographic variation in morphological and reproductive characters of coastal and tableland populations of Blandfordia grandiflora (Liliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 192(3–4), pp.215–230. doi: 10.1007/BF00986253.

Ren, J. et al., 2020. Variation and genetic parameters of leaf morphological traits of eight families from Populus simonii × P . nigr. Forest, 11(1319), pp.1–17. doi: 10.3390/f11121319.

Rindyastuti, R. & Hapsari, L., 2017. Adaptasi ekofisiologi terhadap iklim tropis kering : studi anatomi daun sepuluh jenis tumbuhan berkayu. Jurnal Biologi Indonesia, 13(1), pp.1–14.

Santos, R. C. et al., 2012. Morphological characterization of leaf, flower, fruit and seed traits among Brazilian Theobroma L . species. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 59, pp.327–345. doi: 10.1007/s10722-011-9685-6.

Sass, J., 1951, Botanical microtechnique. 2nd edition. The Iowa State College Press.

Sookchaloem, D. et al., 2016. Leaf blade anatomy characteristics of the genus Amorphophallus Blume ex Decne. in Thailand. Agriculture and Natural Resources, 50, pp.437–444. doi: 10.1016/j.anres.2016.09.002.

Suratman et al., 2016. Morphological , anatomical and isozyme variation among giant taro (Alocasia macrorrhizos) accessions from Central Java , Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 17(2), pp.422–429. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d170204.

Vaidya, M., 2016a. Stomatal complexes in some species of Araceae. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 5(7), pp.1037–1047. doi: 10.20959/wjpr20167-6511.

Vaidya, M., 2016b. Study of Stomata in some species of Alocasia and Syngonium of family Araceae juss. International Journal Of Advances In Pharmacy, Biology And Chemistry, 5(2), pp.180–185.

Zhang, Y. et al., 2018. Effects of shading on some morphological and physiological characteristics of Begonia semperflorens. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 50(6), pp.2173–2179.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.66823

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1292 | views : 1514

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)