Newly Recorded Alien Species of Ficus L. (Moraceae) in Java, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.65313

Peniwidiyanti Peniwidiyanti(1), Arifin Surya Dwipa Irsyam(2), Asih Perwita Dewi(3), Muhammad Rifqi Hariri(4*), Rina Ratnasih Irwanto(5), Zakaria Al Anshori(6)

(1) Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jln. Ir. H. Juanda No. 13 Bogor, West Java, 16003, Indonesia. Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Bogor, West Java, 16680, Indonesia.
(2) Herbarium Bandungense (FIPIA), School of Life Sciences and Technology (SITH), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Labtek VC Building, Jl. Let. Jen. Purn. Dr (HC) Mashudi No. 1 Jatinangor, West Java, 45363, Indonesia.
(3) Botany Division, Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km. 46, Cibinong, West Java, 16911, Indonesia.
(4) Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jln. Ir. H. Juanda No. 13 Bogor, West Java, 16003, Indonesia.
(5) School of Life Sciences and Technology (SITH), Institut Teknologi Bandung Labtek XI Building, Jl. Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, West Java, 40132, Indonesia.
(6) Forest Ecology Laboratory, Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Bogor, West Java, 16680, Indonesia.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Ficus is the largest genus in the Moraceae family, with the syconium inflorescence as its characteristic. This genus has a wide distribution worldwide, and about 367 species were found in the Malesia region. There are 74 species have been recorded on Java, and seven species are known as introduced plants. Based on our recent observations in West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, and East Java, three newly recorded Ficus species were found, namely F. auriculata Lour., F. maclellandii King, and F. natalensis subsp. leprieurii (Miq.) C.C. Berg. The species were introduced to Java as an ornamental plant. Descriptions, photographs, and a brief discussion of the three newly recorded species are presented in this manuscript.

Keywords


Alien Flora; Ficus; Java; Moraceae

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.65313

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