Food Preference, Fecundity, Proximate Analysis on Eggs and Meat of Turbo crassus (W. Wood 1828) and Turbo setosus (Gmelin 1791) in Sepanjang Beach, Gunungkidul, Special Region of Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.61873

Rijal Romolo(1*), Izzatul Auliya'(2), Trijoko Trijoko(3)

(1) Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Turbo snails have important roles in the ecosystem as prey for predators, and decomposition of dead objects, and it is starting to decrease. This is quite worrying so that conservation efforts must be carried out immediately. Turbo snail species found in Sepanjang Beach, Gunungkidul are Turbo crassus and Turbo setosus. The aims of this study were to determine food preferences, the relationship between body size and fecundity, analyze egg quality based on proximate levels of the two species, and meat proximate of T. crassus and T. setosus. Samples were taken from Sepanjang Beach, Gunungkidul. Food preference was observed using the sedgwick rafter, fecundity was counted using the gravimetric method. Moisture content, protein content, fat content, ash, and carbohydrate content of both species eggs and meat were determined with proximate analysis at the UGM Central Laboratory for Food and Nutrition Studies. The results showed that the dominant food for T. setosus was Phaeophyta, whereas the dominant food for T. crassus was Microcoleus sp. and Phaeophyta. The fecundity of both Turbo species is exponentially positively correlated with all body sizes. Proximate analysis showed that the levels of fat and protein in the eggs of both species were quite high, which meant that the eggs are in good quality. The conclusion of this study is both species have slightly different food preferences. The fecundity of both species will increase exponentially with increasing body size and the broodstock of T. crassus and T. setosus Sepanjang Beach has good quality.


Keywords


Fecundity; Food Preference; Proximate Analysis; Turbo crassus; Turbo setosus

Full Text:

PDF


References

Azizah, U.N., 2019, ‘Kerang Usal, Kuliner yang Patut Dicoba saat Pelesir ke Pantai Selatan’, viewed 17 November 2020, from https:// pidjar.com/17561-2/17561/.

Bornancin, L. et al., 2017. Chemical mediation as a structuring element in marine gastropod predator-prey interactions. Nat. Prod. Rep., 34(6), pp.644-676.

Creese, R.G., 1980. Reproductive Cycles and Fecundities of Four Common Eastern Australian Archaeogastropod Limpets (Molluscs: Gastropoda). Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 31, p.49.

Dwiono, S.A.P., Pradina, & Makatipu, P.C., 2001. Spawning and Seed Production of The Green Snail (Turbo marmoratus L.) in Indonesia. SPC Trochus Information Bulletin, 7, pp.10-12.

Fukazawa, H. et al., 2005. The Effect of Egg Quality on Larval Period and Postlarval Survival of an Abalone Haliotis discus hannai. Journal of Shellfish Research, 24(4), pp.1141–1147.

Guiry, 2020, ‘Microcoleus Desmazières ex Gomont, 1892’, in AlgaeBase, viewed 13 November 2020, from https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/ detail/?
genus_id=43078&session=abv4:AC1F06401b2d810051kP83AD9B10.

Kamardin,  N.N. et al., 2001. Studies of Chemoreceptor Perception in Mollusk. Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, 31(2), pp.1533-1543.

Kikutani, K., Ohba, H., & Yamakawa, H., 2002. Distribution and Gut Contents of Green Snail Turbo marmoratus in Tokunoshima Island, Ryukyus (Southern Japan). J of Tokyo University of Fisheries, 88, pp.47-52.

Litaay, M. & De Silva, S.S., 2003. Spawning Season, Fecundity and Proximate Composition of the Gonads of Wild-Caught Blacklip Abalone (Haliotis rubra) from Port Fairy Waters, South Eastern Australia. Aquat. Living Resour., 16(4), p.357, pp.359–360.

Llodra, E.R., 2002, ‘Fecundity and Life-history Strategies in Marine Invertebrates’, in Advances in Marine Biology, 43, p.96, 98, pp.91-92, 132-133, Academic Press.

Mazariegos-Villarreal, A. et al., 2017. Diet of the Wavy Turban Snail, Megastraea undosa (Gastropoda: Turbinidae), in Subtropical Rocky Reefs. Pacific Science, 71(4), pp.523-534.

Merdekawati, D., Nurhayati, T., & Jacoeb, A.M., 2017. Kandungan Proksimat dan Mineral dari Keong Mata Lembu (Turbo setosus Gmelin 1791). Jurnal Mina Sains, 3(1), p.49.

Naidoo, K. et al., 2006. A comparison of various seaweed-based diets and formulated feed on growth rate of abalone in a land-based aquaculture system. J. of Applied Phycology, 18, pp.437-443.

Najmudeen, T.M., 2007. Variation in Biochemical Composition During Gonad Maturation of The Tropical Abalone Haliotis varia Linnaeus 1758 (Vetigastropoda: Haliotidae). Marine Biology Research, 3, pp.458-460.

Pamungkas, P. & Zamzam, A.K., 2017. Komposisi Functional Species pada Sistem Silvikultur Tebang Pilih Tanam Jalur di Area IUPHHK-HA PT. Sarpatim, Kalimantan Tengah, J. Silvikultur Tropika, 8(3), pp.160-169.

Pechenik, J.A. et al., 2017. Fecundity of the Invasive Marine Gastropod Crepidula fornicata Near the Current Northern Extreme of its Range. Invertebrate Biology, 136(4), p.1.

Perron, E. F., 1983. Growth, Fecundity, and Mortality of Conus pennaceus in Hawaii. Ecology, 64(1), p.59.

Poutiers, J.M., 1998, ‘Gastropods’ In The Living Marine Resources of The Western Central Pacific Volume 1: Seaweeds, Corals, Bivalves, and Gastropods, Edited by Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H., FAO, Rome, pp.364-365, p.411, 419.

Ratna, C.D.S., 2019, ‘Pengaruh Penambahan Chlorella sp. terhadap Perubahan Massa Visceral dan Kandungan Proksimat Kerang’, Skripsi, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta, pp.18-20.

Robinson, L.J., 1992, ‘Population and Reproductive Ecology of Turbo smaragdus in The Kaikoura Region’, thesis, Christchurch: University of Canterbury, pp.42, 71, 76, 80, 84, pp.90-93, 114-118.

Santhanam, R., 2019, Biology and Ecology of Edible Marine Gastropod Molluscs, Apple Academic Press, Inc. Waretown, p.3, 8, 19, pp.15-16, 280-291, 330-332.

Setyono, D.E.D. et al., 2013. Pemijahan Siput Mata Bulan (Turbo chrysostomous Linnaeus, 1758). Oseana, 38(3), pp.1-8.

Tsuda, R.T. & Randall, J.E., 1971. Food Habits of the Gastropods Turbo argyrostoma and T. setosus, Reported as Toxic from the Tropical Pacific. Micronesica, 7(1-2), pp.153-162.

 




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.61873

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 109 | views : 60

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)