Plants Flowering and Fruiting Behaviour in Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi, East Java

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.54011

Dewi Ayu Lestari(1*), Agung Sri Darmayanti(2)

(1) Purwodadi Botanic Garden-Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences
(2) Purwodadi Botanic Garden-Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Alas Purwo National Park (APNP) is a conservation area with lowland forest type. The adaptation of plants conserved is strongly influenced by environmental factors and the behaviour of flowering and fruiting. The aims of this research were to find the number, species, dominance, and abundance of flowering and fruiting plants, comparison of flowering and fruiting species, and environmental factors affecting the flowering and fruiting time in APNP observation tracks. This study used purposive random sampling in each observation track where flowering and fruiting plants were found. Environmental factors (temperature, humidity, light intensity, soil pH, elevation, and coordinates) in each observation track were measured. Data analysis was conducted using Microsoft Excel and PAST 4.0. statistic program. The behaviour of flowering and fruiting plants species in APNP was unique. There were 90 species of flowering and fruiting plants in APNP from 45 families. Most species often found flowering and fruiting were Orophea enneandra, Polyalthia littoralis and Leea angulata which were scattered in Moto Lele, Patirtan Mas, and Sadengan Savanna. Fruiting plants species were more often found than flowering ones. Temperature and light intensity became the two most affecting environmental factors on flowering and fruiting plants behaviour. The study of flowering and fruiting behaviour is very important for genetic resources conservation and conservation areas management.


Keywords


Alas Purwo National Park; behaviour; conservation; flowering; fruiting

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abu-Asab, M.S., Peterson, P.M., Shetler, S.G., & Orli, S.S., 2001, Earlier plant flowering in spring as a response to global warming in the Washington, DC, area, Biodivers Conserv 10(4), 597–612.

Anderson, D.P., Nordheim, E.V., Moermond, T.C., Gone Bi, Z.B., & Boesch, C., 2005, Factors influencing tree phenology in Ta’i National Park, BIOTROPICA 37(4), 631-640, DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2005.00080.x.

Arisoesilaningsih, E., & Soejono, 2001, Purwodadi Botanic Garden is a dry climate hortus?, Proceeding of National Seminary on Conservation and Utilization of Dry Lowland Plant Diversity, Purwodadi Botanic Garden – Indonesian Institute of Sciences and Brawijaya University, Pasuruan.

Arisoesilaningsih, E., Soejono, Widyati, A., Palupi, I., & Kiswojo, 2001, Reproductive activities of three an endangered tree lowland species in Purwodadi Botanic Garden, Proceeding of National Seminary on Conservation and Utilization of Dry Lowland Plant Diversity, Purwodadi Botanic Garden – Indonesian Institute of Sciences and Brawijaya University, Pasuruan.

Augspurger, C.K., 1983, Phenology, flowering synchrony, and fruit set of six neotropical shrubs, Biotropica 15(4), 257–267.

Backer, C.A., & van den Brink, R.C.B., 1968, Flora of Java, Third Edition, Noordhoff Groningen, The Netherlands.

Brink, M., & Escobin, R.P., 2003, Donax canniformis, Plant Resources of South East Asia No 17. Fibre Plants, Prosea Foundation, Bogor.

Budiarto, E., 2014, Inventory of Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in Pancur Resort, Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi, East Java, Thesis, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sciences, University of Jember, Jember.

Da Maia, F.R., Malucelli, T.S., & Varassin, I.G., 2013, Ecological factors affecting the fruiting success of a Tibouchina trichopoda (DC.) Baill. (Melastomataceae) flower, Acta Bot. Bras. 27(1): 142-146.

Darmayanti, A.S., Lestari, D.A., & Suef, A., 2019, Report of Seed Collection Activities in Alas Purwo National Park for the Development of Purwodadi Botanic Garden Seed Bank, Purwodadi Botanic Garden-LIPI, Pasuruan.

Goldsworthy, P.R., & Fisher, N.M., 1992, Physiology of Tropical Cultivated Plants, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Handayani, T., 2016, Flowering and fruiting time of Annonaceae species in Bogor Botanic Gardens, Buletin Kebun Raya 19(2), 91-104.

Hatta, H., & Darnaedi, D., 2005, Phenology and Growth Habits of Tropical Trees: Long Term Observations in the Bogor and Cibodas Botanic Gardens, Indonesia, National Science Museum Tokyo, Japan.

Heyne, K., 1987, Indonesian Useful Plants I, Forestry Research and Development, Jakarta.

Hidayat, S., 2008, Structure, composition and status of medicinal plants in the forest area of Alas Purwo National Park, Jurnal Biologi 12(1), 9-13.

Khanduri, V.P., Sharma, C.M., Kumar, K.S., & Ghildiyal, S.K., 2013, Annual variation in flowering phenology, pollination, mating system, and pollen yield in two natural populations of Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth., Sci. World J. 350157, 1-11.

Khanduri, V.P., 2014, Annual variation in floral phenology and pollen production in Lagerstroemia speciosa: an entomophilous tropical tree,  J Sci. Tech. 36(4), 389–396.

Kumar, A.N., 2009,  Exploring the "Bio- Cultural" Heritage in Conservation of 5 Rare, Endemic & Threatened (RET) Tree Species of Western Ghats of Kerala, Final Report (2008-1009), MS Swaminathan Research Foundation Community Agrobiodiversity Centre, India.

Kurniawati, N., & Martono, E., 2015, The role of flowering plants as a conservation media of arthropod natural enemies, Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 19(2), 53-59.

Larcher, W., 1995, Physiological Plant Ecology, Springer Verlag, Berlin.

Lemmens, R.H.M.J., & Bunyapraphatsara, N., 2003, Tacca palmate, Plant Resources of South East Asia No 12(3). Medicinal and Poisonous Plants 3, Prosea Foundation, Bogor.

Lestari, D.A., 2019, Evaluation of flowering and fruiting periods of selected Annonaceae species in Purwodadi Botanic Garden, AIP Conference Proceedings 2120, 030023, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5115627.

Lestari, D.A., & Sofiah, S., 2015, Flowering and fruiting times on four species of Annona (Annonaceae) in Purwodadi Botanic Garden, JTLS 5(1), 45-52.

Micheloud, N.G., Castro, D.C., Buyatti, M.A., Gabriel, P.M., & Gariglio, N.F., 2018, Factors affecting phenology of different Citrus varieties under the temperate climate conditions of Santa Fe, Argentina, Rev. Bras. Frutic. 40(1), 1-9.

Milla, R., Castro-Díez, P., Maestro-Martínez, M., & Montserrat-Martí, G., 2006, Costs of reproduction as related to the timing of phenological phases in the dioecious shrub Pistacia lentiscus L. Plant Biol. 8(1), 103–111.

Mitchell, J.D., & Daly, D.C., 2015, A revision of Spondias L. (Anacardiaceae) in the Neotropics, PhytoKeys 55, 1–92.

Mohandass, D., Campbell, M.J., Chen, X., & Li, Q., 2018, Flowering and fruiting phenology of woody trees in the tropical-seasonal rainforest, Southwestern China, Current Sci. 114(11): 2313-2322.

Nanda, A., Suresh, H.S., & Khrisnamurthy, Y.L., 2017, Phenology of tree species in a tropical evergreen forest of southern India, J Global Ecol. Env. 6(1), 1-12.

Omondi, S.F., Odee, D.W., Ongamo, G.O., Kanya, J.I., & Khasa, D.P., 2016, Synchrony in leafing, flowering, and fruiting phenology of Senegalia senegal within Lake Baringo Woodland, Kenya: Implication for conservation and tree improvement, IJFR 6904834, 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6904834.

Panchen, Z., 2016, Impact of climate change on flowering and fruiting times of Nunavut Arctic Plants, InfoNorth 69(4), 444-449.

Rianti, I.P., Santosa, Y., & Sunkar, A., 2009, Pola penggunaan ruang bertengger oleh beberapa jenis kelelawar penghuni gua di TNAP Jawa Timur, Indonesian Cave and Karst Journal 5(1), 36-47.

Sitompul, S.M., 2010, Radiation on Agroforestry System, http://old.worldagroforestry.org/sea/Publications/files/lecturenote/LN0034-04/LN0034-04-5.pdf., Accessed on 8 Oktober 2019.

Sulistyawati, E., Mashita, N., Setiawan, N.N., Choesin, D.N., & Suryana, P., 2012, Flowering and fruiting phenology of tree species in Mount Papandayan Nature Reserve, West Java, Indonesia, TLSR 23(2), 81-95.

Tisnawati, V., Mala, Y.A., Utami, J., Yanuarefa, M.F., Pratiwi, L.E., Purwanto, Fahrurozi, R., Haryono, E., & Wijayanti, A., 2012, Book of Alas Purwo National Park Research Information, Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi.

Van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H., & Bunyapraphatsara, N., 2002, Tetracera. In: van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H., & Bunyapraphatsara, N. (eds), Plant Resources of South East Asia No 12(2). Medicinal and Poisonous Plants 2, Prosea Foundation, Bogor.

Widodo, W., 2016, Distribution and diversity of restricted-range bird species in the Alas Purwo National Park, Proceeding Biology Education Conference 13(1), 690-700.

 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.54011

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 195 | views : 171

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9581 (online)