Moluska Benthik di Perairan Lima Muara Sungai Kawasan Teluk Lamong, Surabaya, Jawa Timur

https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.13736

Ucu Yanu Arbi(1*)

(1) UPT Loka Konservasi Biota Laut Bitung, Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Observation on mollusk on five estuary of Lamong Bay waters was conducted on June and October 2005. The aim of this study was to determine condition and community structure of molluscs living in those areas. Samples were collected using Eckmann grab and sieved through 0.5 mm mesh-sized. The number of mollusk species was 21 species, consist of 8 species class of Gastropoda and 13 species class of Bivalvia. A diversity index (H) ranged 0.802 to 1.028, an evenness index (J) was 0.923 to 1 and a richness index (D) was 15.126 to 20.959. In which Tellina palatum (Tellinidae) and Placemen calophyla (Veneridae) class of Bivalvia relatively wide distributed. In generally, this result showed that five estuary of Lamong Bay waters has a relatively low molluscs diversity.




References

Abbott R.T. 1959. Indo-Pacific Mollusca, Monograph of the Marine Mollusks of the Tropical Western Pacific and Indian Ocean. The Departement of Mollusks, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 490. Abbott, R.T., and P. Dance 1990. Compendium of Seashell. Crawford House Press, Australia: 411. Brower, J.E., and J.H. Zar 1977. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. MWC Brawn Company Publishing, IOWA: 194 pp. Cappenberg, H.A.W. 2008. Moluska Bentik di Perairan Muara Sungai Cisadane, Tangerang, Banten, Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia Vol. 34 No. 1: 13–23. Dahuri, R. 2003. Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut, Aset Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Indonesia, PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta: 412. Daget, J. 1976. Les Modeles Mathematiques en Ecologie. Masson, Coll. Ecoll. 8, Paris: 172. Dance, S.P. 1976. The Collector’s Encyclopedia of Shells, second edition. Mc.Graw – Hill Book Company, Great Britain: 288. Dance, S.P. 1992. Eyewitness Handbook Shells. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. London: 268. De Almeida, T.C.M. and C. Ruta, 2000. Effects a Subtidal Macroalgae Bed on Soft Botton Polychaeta Assemblages in Arraial Do Cabo, Rio De Jeneiro, Brazil, Bulletin of Marine Science vol. 67 no. 1: 199–207. Dharma, B. 1988. Siput dan Kerang Indonesia 1 (Indonesian Shells). PT Sarana Graha, Jakarta: 111. Dharma, B. 1992. Siput dan Kerang Indonesia (Indonesian Shells II). Verlag Christa Hemmen, Germany: 135. Dittman, S. 1990. Mussel Beds-amensalism or amelioration for intertidal fauna. Helgolander Meeresunters 44: 335–352. English, S., C. Wilkinson and Bakri, 2000. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources, V editions, ASEAN – AUSTRALIA Marine Science Project, Living Coastal Resources by Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia. Habe, T. 1968. Shells of the Western Pacific in Color vol. II. Hoikusha Publishing Co., Ltd. Osaka, Japan: 233. Kamara, A.B. and D.B. Quayle. 1979. Tropical Mangrove Oyster Culture, Problem and Prospect: in: Advances in Aquaculture. Pillay. TVR. and A Dill (eds). Fishing News Ltd., London:563 pp. Kastoro, W., I. Aswandy, I. Alhakim, A. Aziz dan A.B. Sudobjo. 1999. Struktur Komunitas Makrobenthos di Perairan Teluk Bayur dan Teluk Bungus, Sumatera Barat. Dalam: D.P. Praseno, W.S. Atmadja, O.H. Arinardi, Ruyitno dan I. Supangat, (eds.) Pesisir dan Pantai Indonesia II. P3O–LIPI, Jakarta: 47–65. Maria, M.W. 1993. Kelimpahan Makro Zoobentos di Perairan Muara Kamal, Teluk Jakarta. Jur. Pen. Perikanan Laut 27: 97–106. Matsuura, K., O.K. Sumadiharga and K. Tsukamoto. 2000. Field Guide to Lombok Island. Identification Guide to Marine Organism in Seagrass Beds of Lombok Island, Indonesia. University of Tokyo: 449. Nybaken, J.W. 1988. Biologi Laut: suatu pendekatan ekologi. PT. Gramedia, Jakarta: 459. Odum, E.P. 1963. Ecology. He University of Georgia, USA: 152. Odum, E.P. 1971. Fundamental of Ecology. W.E. Saunders, Philadelphia: 574. Prahoro, P., M.M. Wahyono dan W. Santoso. 1992. Sumberdaya Moluska di Perairan Teluk Pemenang, Lombok Barat, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jur. Pen. Perikanan laut 71: 39–49. Pohle, G.W. and M.L.H. Thomas, 2001. Monitoring Protocol for Marine Benthos: Intertidal and Subtidal Macrofauna, http:// attentionnature.ca / English / monitoring / protocols / marine / benthics / benthos.html, browshing 22 Desember 2008. Pratiwi, A. 2002. Studi Struktur Komunitas dan beberapa Aspek Biologis Makrobenthos Krustasea di Komunitas Mangrove Pulau Ajkwa dan Pulau Komora, Kabupaten Mimika, Papua. Skripsi Program Studi Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan FPIK Undip, Semarang: 75. Retnaningdyah, C. 1997. Kepekaan Makro Invertebrata Benthos terhadap Tingkat Pencemaran Deterjen di Kali Mas Surabaya. Lingkungan dan Pembangunan 17 (2): 96–108. Roberts, D., S. Soemodihardjo and W. Kastoro 1982. Shallow Water Marine Molluscs of North-West Java. Lembaga Oseanologi Nasional LIPI. Jakarta: 143. Rustiningrum, N. 2004. Pendugaan Kualitas Perairan yang Tercemar Lindi (Leachate) Berdasarkan Struktur Komunitas Makrobentos di Pantai Ria Kenjeran. Skripsi. Prodi Biologi FMIPA ITS, Surabaya: 48. Severns, P.F., M. Severns and R. Dyerly 2004. Handy Pocket Guide to Tropical Seashells. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. Singapore: 62. Suharsono, 2004. Status Pencemaran di Teluk Jakarta dan Saran Pengelolannya. dalam: W.B. Setyawan, P. Purwati, S. Sunanisari, D. Widiarti, R. Nasution dan O. Atijah (eds), Interaksi Daratan dan Lautan: Pengaruhnya terhadap Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan, Prosiding Simposium Interaksi Daratan dan Lautan, Kedeputian Ilmu Pengetahuan Kebumian – LIPI, Jakarta: 159–185. Vermeij, G.J. 1993. A Natural History of Shells. Princeton University Press.Princeton, United Kingdom: 207. Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells 1. Odyssey Publishing, Australia: 408. Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells 2. Odyssey Publishing, Australia: 370.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jtbb.13736

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 714 | views : 2702

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editoral address:

Faculty of Biology, UGM

Jl. Teknika Selatan, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

ISSN: 2540-9573 (print), 2540-9581 (online)