Splayed Leg in Birds: Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prevention


Rief Ghulam Satriya Permana(1), Soedarmanto Indarjulianto(2), Yanuartono Yanuartono(3*), Anggitya Nareswari(4), Shafa Adea Puspitadesy(5)

(1) Mindi Petshop and Petcare Sleman Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Internal Medicine Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Internal Medicine Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Mindi Petshop and Petcare Sleman Yogyakarta
(5) Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Splayed leg is a condition where the legs are stretched outwards or sideways from their normal position under the body which is often suffered by young birds. This disorder is usually left untreated, because it is considered as a permanent disability condition that cannot be treated without examining the cause. Some of the splayed legs in chicks can be improved by treating both their legs in the correct position. Early diagnosis of splayed leg and continued appropriate therapy is needed so that the condition of the foot can be restored to normal. Incorrect diagnosis and therapy will cause the bird's feet to become permanently disabled, so the bird will suffer for the rest of its life. The diagnosis and treatment of splayed leg cases have been developed with varying results. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of the occurrence of splayed legs in birds, which can be used as a reference to improve bird welfare.




bird; diagnosis; Splayed leg

Full Text:



Papatsiros VG 2012. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences 7(2) 80 2. Worell, A.B. Current trends in avian pediatrics. Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 21.2 (2012): 115-123. 3. Schumacher T, Röntgen M and Maak S 2021. Congenital Splayed Leg Syndrome in Piglets—Current Knowledge and a New Approach to Etiology. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8, p.609883. 4. Bennett, Peter M., and Ian PF Owens. "Variation in extinction risk among birds: chance or evolutionary predisposition?." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 264.1380 (1997): 401-408. 5. Bowles, Heather L., and Donald W. Zantop. "A novel surgical technique for luxation repair of the femorotibial joint in a monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)." Journal of avian medicine and surgery 16.1 (2002): 34-38. 6. González, Mikel Sabater. Avian articular orthopedics. Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice 22.2 (2019): 239-251. 7. Faar, Rita. These splayed legs are newly hatched chicks. Countryside and Small Stock Journal. Sept/Oct 20028: Vol. 92 No.5 (2008). Research Library: 72.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.87656

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 176 | views : 198


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sain Veteriner

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Indexed by


Copyright of JSV (Jurnal Sain Veteriner) ISSN 0126-0421 (print), ISSN 2407-3733 (online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861

Email: jsv_fkh@ugm.ac.id

HP. 0895363078367

Jurnal Sain Veteriner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web stats View My Stats